September 11, 2012 Democracy Ordinary people want to rule themselves and are capable of doing so. Review Question: Discuss two reasons why the framers created a bicameral legislature? Objective: Students will be able to understand the basic foundations and definitions of Democracy Democracy • DIRECT VS. INDIRECT DEMOCRACY – REPUBLIC – US – PRO/CON FOR EACH Fundamental Principles of Representative Democracy 1) Popular Sovereignty • Power of People • AUTHORITY=people. How to recognize popular sovereignty? a) Government Policies reflect the wishes of the people • Government does = what the people want it to do. • Do politician always do what we want? – When is this necessary? b) Government Leaders are elected-SMSR c) Elections are Free and Fair • No coercion of voters • Election rules must not favor • Ballots must be accurately counted. d) People must participate in the political process!• 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Kinds of Participation: ? ? ? ? 5? e) High Quality information is available-From where?? • Access to accurate political information. • If True or unbiased informationpopular sovereignty f) The majority rules! Fundamental Principle…#2) Political Equality • (Bill Gates vs. Mr. Hankel) • 14th Amendment--“equal protection clause”-- 3) Political Liberty • Basic freedoms – WHAT ARE SOME OF THESE FREEDOMS? – 1. – 2. – 3. – 4. Objections to Majoritarian Representative Democracy Why democracy is a bad idea! 1) “Majority Tyranny” threatens liberty suppression of the rights of the minority by the majority • Foundersprevent majority tyranny • EXAMPLES? 2) The people are irrational and incompetent • Americans do not care much about politics 1. Poorly informed, unstable in their views, a 2. Not much interest in participating in the political process.