Figurative Language and literary devices review

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English 3 CP Figurative Language and Literary Devices

connotation

The associations and overtones of a word

Determined, firm, rigid, stubborn, and pigheaded all have the same definition, but each has a “feeling” that goes along with it. That is connotation.

denotation

 A word’s literal meaning Gay= Happy, in a lighthearted mood

 Word choice

diction

And the silken sad uncertain rustling of each purple curtain (The poet chose words that have similar sounds and create a certain mood)

imagery

 Words that appeal to the senses …and then he would dash, so hurriedly that his necktie flew back over his shoulder, down through our yard, past the grapevines hung with buzzing Japanese-beetle traps, to the yellow brick building, with its tall smokestack and wide playing fields, where he taught .

mood

 The overall “feeling” of a piece  Influenced by diction And the silken sad uncertain rustling of each purple curtain Thrilled me-filled me with fantastic terrors never felt before (Remember this quote from the “diction” slide? These words create the spooky mood!)

tone

 The author’s (speaker’s) attitude toward the subject  Created through diction and connotation Remember my dog?

My dog is cuddly like a snuggly teddy bear and as white as a fluffy cotton ball. The tone is loving and affectionate. The tone is created through the underlined words, which have a positive connotation.

theme

 The central idea or insight revealed by a work of literature  The theme is what YOU learn from a story. It is not what a character does or learns. It relates to the whole world, not just the character in the story.

Figures of Speech

hyperbole

 Exaggeration Mrs. Jurica gave me a ton of homework!

I have a million things to do!

This is the worst day of my life!

metaphor

 A direct comparison between two unlike things My sister is a pig!

The eyes are windows to the soul!

oxymoron

 Combines opposite or contradictory terms in a brief phrase      Deafening silence Living death Jumbo shrimp Sweet sorrow Student teacher  Original copy

personification

 Giving human feelings or actions to a nonhuman thing The sun kissed the flowers My cell phone died The alarm clock shouted at me!

simile

 A comparison between two unlike things which uses a comparison word (like, as, such as, than, etc.) My sister eats like a pig!

symbol

 Something that has meaning in itself and also stands for something more The American Flag and the Bald Eagle are both symbols of the United States.

onomatopoeia

 The use of a word whose sound imitates its meaning Buzz, splash, bark

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