What Is Sociology? Purpose “The unexamined life is not worth living.” - Socrates What influences our behavior? Family Peers School Religion TV Media Fashion Video Games How are people different? Race Gender Religion Politics Location Physical Features Personality What do people have in common? Basic Needs Cultural universals Laws. Rules Food Shelter Beliefs What is the relationship between the individual and society? Group dynamics- diffusion of responsibility Expectations of each other Laws Norms Codes, unwritten rules How is society possible? Government Rules Laws Carrying out responsibility Sociology is… Understanding human behavior by placing it within a proper social context. Social Facts Any social activity or situation that can be measured or observed. Examples: Marriage rates, Unemployment, Crime Patterns Buzz Word** Durkheim Emile Durkheim used social facts to study the personal issue of suicide. In his work Suicide (published 1897), he concluded that suicide was heavily influenced by outside patterns (divorce, religious affiliation, economic changes) Social integration (how connected individuals are to society) Social Location Where are you located in society? How does you location influence who you are?