Module 5 TED 356 Curriculum in Sec. Ed. Module 5 Using the state’s standards, identify specific information knowledge (content) and procedural knowledge (process expectations) within their respective areas of specialization they will be asked to teach in secondary education programs. Reading • Refer to the following in the Duplass textbook as needed: – Topic 3: “Standards-based Education” – Topic 11: “Defining knowledge” – Topic 12: “General and Content Area Literacy” – Unit 8 (Topics 41-45) What Will You Be Expected to Teach? • Types of information: – Basic skills – Information knowledge – Procedural knowledge • Courses based on: – PA academic standards – Professional association standards Review: Basic Skills Knowledge • Basic Skills are the foundation upon which the other forms of knowledge rest. • Traditional Basic Skills – arithmetic – writing – reading – speaking Review: Information Knowledge • Facts are specific items of information. • Concepts are mental labels, the words that describe what a set of facts have in common. • Generalizations express relationships between and among facts and concepts. – In music, generalizations are often referred to as principles; in physics they are called laws; in history, conclusions; and in mathematics, theorems. Review: Procedural Knowledge • Procedural Knowledge is knowing “how” vs. knowing “what” (information knowledge). Understanding the terms and principles of geometry. vs. Doing geometry. Domain/Discipline-Based Procedural Knowledge is the primary goal of middle and high school content area teachers. Independent Project • Download the following two documents: – – • A hard copy of Pennsylvania’s State Standards (i.e., PDE’s Chapter 5) that govern your area of specialization (Citizenship teachers have several areas). A hard copy of the standards for your area promulgated by your field’s professional organization (e.g., NCSS, NCTM, etc.). Using a highlighter, identify specific information knowledge (content) and procedural knowledge (process expectations) within your respective area of specialization that you are required to know and required to teach. Professional Organizations by Discipline • English – National Council of Teachers of English (NCTE) • Math – National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) • Science – National Science Teachers Association (NSTA) • Social Studies/Citizenship Education – National Council for the Social Studies (NCSS) Group Project 1. With classmates who share your specialization, use the state’s standards to: a) Name the courses you might teach. b) Write what might be called a “catalog description” for each. 2. For each of the courses you may be required to teach (course-by-course), discuss whether you are prepared to do so. Are You Prepared? • To teach all of this content in your classes? • To be tested on all of this content in a Praxis II content knowledge test? Are You Prepared? What can you do? • If this activity causes concern: – Secure a test preparation book for your area of certification (PRAXIS II and/or the Regents exams in NY). – Take the practice tests between now and the time you sit for your PRAXIS II exam, and look up your wrong answers. What Content Will Be on Praxis II? Learn about Praxis II Content Knowledge tests. TED Student Info. Page Locate ETS study guides. www.ets.org Locate study guides for sale at bookstores. Amazon.com Are You Prepared? What else can you do? • Plow back through your content courses to find information about your highlighted topics. • Watch for the highlighted topics in current and future content courses. • Look up information in professional journals. Review • Sec. Ed. teachers are expected to know a wide range of content knowledge: – For Praxis II Content Knowledge test. – To teach in courses. • We examined what we need to know in teaching and for assessment, and what to do to be better prepared.