Mod 5 slides

Module 5
TED 356
Curriculum in Sec. Ed.
Module 5
Using the state’s standards, identify
specific information knowledge
(content) and procedural knowledge
(process expectations) within their
respective areas of specialization
they will be asked to teach in
secondary education programs.
• Refer to the following in the Duplass
textbook as needed:
– Topic 3: “Standards-based Education”
– Topic 11: “Defining knowledge”
– Topic 12: “General and Content Area
– Unit 8 (Topics 41-45)
What Will You Be
Expected to Teach?
• Types of information:
– Basic skills
– Information knowledge
– Procedural knowledge
• Courses based on:
– PA academic standards
– Professional association standards
Review: Basic Skills Knowledge
• Basic Skills are the foundation upon
which the other forms of knowledge rest.
• Traditional Basic Skills
– arithmetic
– writing
– reading
– speaking
Review: Information Knowledge
• Facts are specific items of information.
• Concepts are mental labels, the words that
describe what a set of facts have in common.
• Generalizations express relationships between
and among facts and concepts.
– In music, generalizations are often referred to as
principles; in physics they are called laws; in history,
conclusions; and in mathematics, theorems.
Review: Procedural Knowledge
• Procedural Knowledge is knowing “how”
vs. knowing “what” (information
Understanding the terms
and principles of geometry.
Doing geometry.
Domain/Discipline-Based Procedural Knowledge is
the primary goal of middle and high school content area
Independent Project
Download the following two documents:
A hard copy of Pennsylvania’s State Standards (i.e.,
PDE’s Chapter 5) that govern your area of
specialization (Citizenship teachers have several
A hard copy of the standards for your area
promulgated by your field’s professional
organization (e.g., NCSS, NCTM, etc.).
Using a highlighter, identify specific information
knowledge (content) and procedural
knowledge (process expectations) within your
respective area of specialization that you are
required to know and required to teach.
Professional Organizations
by Discipline
• English
– National Council of Teachers of English (NCTE)
• Math
– National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM)
• Science
– National Science Teachers Association (NSTA)
• Social Studies/Citizenship Education
– National Council for the Social Studies (NCSS)
Group Project
1. With classmates who share your
specialization, use the state’s standards to:
a) Name the courses you might teach.
b) Write what might be called a “catalog description”
for each.
2. For each of the courses you may be required
to teach (course-by-course), discuss whether
you are prepared to do so.
Are You Prepared?
• To teach all of this content in your
• To be tested on all of this content in a
Praxis II content knowledge test?
Are You Prepared?
What can you do?
• If this activity causes concern:
– Secure a test preparation book for your area
of certification (PRAXIS II and/or the Regents
exams in NY).
– Take the practice tests between now and the
time you sit for your PRAXIS II exam, and
look up your wrong answers.
What Content Will Be on Praxis II?
Learn about Praxis II
Content Knowledge
TED Student Info. Page
Locate ETS study
Locate study guides for
sale at bookstores.
Are You Prepared?
What else can you do?
• Plow back through your content courses to
find information about your highlighted
• Watch for the highlighted topics in current
and future content courses.
• Look up information in professional
• Sec. Ed. teachers are expected to know a
wide range of content knowledge:
– For Praxis II Content Knowledge test.
– To teach in courses.
• We examined what we need to know in
teaching and for assessment, and what to
do to be better prepared.
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