Bellwork Using the context clues in the sentence below, compose a definition for lugubrious. Sarah searched for a lugubrious tune to play as background music for her haunted fun house. Lugubrious-mournful, dismal, or gloomy, especially in an affected, exaggerated, or unrelieved manner. Announcements/Reminders •Journals will be checked and there will be a quiz on Chapters 14-18 of Frankenstein on Tuesday. •Don’t forget the Governor’s School deadlines, which that information can be found on my website. •ACT tutoring is today from 2:30-4:00 (approximately). Bellwork Identify the figurative device(s) in the following quote from Frankenstein: Sir Isaac Newton is said to have avowed that he felt like a child picking up shells beside the great and unexplored ocean of truth. Bellwork Identify the figurative device(s) in the following quote from Frankenstein: I at once gave up my former occupations, set down natural history and all its progeny as a deformed and abortive creation. Bellwork Sir Isaac Newton is said to have avowed that he felt like a child picking up shells beside the great and unexplored ocean of truth. 1. Simile: Isaac Newton = a child 2. Metaphor: truth = an ocean Announcements/Reminders •Journals will be checked and there will be a quiz on Chapters 19-21 of Frankenstein on Thursday. •ALL POETRY SLAM PARTICIPANTS SHOULD SIGN UP AND SUBMIT THEIR POEMS TO MRS. PALMER OR MR. YOUNG NO LATER THAN NOVEMBER 1, 2012. •NMS reminder: if you had a failing grade or an NMS on your report card for the first nine-weeks, you are welcome to make up your missing assignments or retake tests that you failed. Objectives • Identify examples of idiom, metaphor, simile, personification, hyperbole, or pun in poetry or prose. • Identify and analyze standard literary elements (i.e., allegory, parable, paradox, parody, satire, etc). CPS Time! on chapters 14-18 What is the difference between figurative and literal? Literal 1. Concrete, realistic language used by the author that means exactly what it says. 2. Surface-level characters, events, settings, quotes, etc. that have been presented realistically but could represent something more. Figurative 1. Abstract, creative language that compares unlike things, exaggerates, or otherwise means something other than what it says. 2. Subterranean-level interpretation by the reader of what literal characters, events, settings, etc. represent. FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE: IT’S LIKE A SIMILE – a comparison of two unlike things using the words like or as. Examples of simile: • “Life is like a box of chocolates.” • “The girl is as beautiful as a rose.” • “The willow is like an etching…” FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE: IT IS A METAPHOR – a comparison of two unlike things without using the words like or as. Examples of metaphor: • “My father is a tall, sturdy oak.” • “The hotel is a diamond in the sky.” • “who knows if the moon’s a balloon…” FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE: PERSONIFICATION – the giving of human qualities to an animal, object, or idea. Examples of personification: • “Hunger sat shivering on the road.” • “The flowers danced on the lawn.” • The winds of tropical storm Sandy yelled at my window all night long. FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE: HYPERBOLE - an exaggerated statement used to make a point. Examples of hyperbole: • “I laughed so hard I split my sides.” • “I could sleep for a year.” • “This book weighs a ton.” FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE: IDIOM - a familiar expression that has been culturally adopted; it says one thing but means something entirely different. Examples of idiom: • “She’s just pulling my leg.” • “It’s raining cats and dogs.” • “He sure has a bee in his bonnet.” FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE: Group Activity Now, each group will receive a figurative device and a subject. Use the subject to create an example of the figurative device. • Simile – carrots • Metaphor – horses • Personification – meteorites • Hyperbole – television • Idiom - lying Satire What is it? Satire is a literary genre that uses irony, wit, and sometimes sarcasm to expose humanity’s vices and foibles, giving impetus, or momentum, to change or reform through ridicule. It is a manner of writing that mixes a critical attitude with wit and humor in an effort to improve mankind and human institutions. Satire What is the message of this satirical cartoon? Two types of Direct Satire Horatian satire is a type of direct satire which pokes fun at human foibles with a witty even indulgent tone. Juvenalian satire is a type of direct satire which denounces, sometimes with invective, human vice and error in dignified and solemn tones. Horatian Satire It seeks to criticize, rather than attack, immorality or stupidity. In general, Horatian satire is gentler, more sympathetic, and more tolerant of human folly. Unlike Juvenalian satire, it serves to make us laugh at human folly as opposed to attacking a specific person or group. Horatian Satire What is the message of this satirical cartoon? Juvenalian Satire It is harsher than Horatian satire because it often attacks and shows contempt for people. Often, it seeks to address some evil in society through scorn and ridicule. The Juvenalian satirist approaches his work in a more serious manner and uses dignified language to attack erroneous thinking or vice. Juvenalian Satire What is the message of this satirical cartoon? Irony - a mode of expression, through words or events, conveying a reality different from and usually opposite to appearance or expectation. Sarcasm (verbal irony) Litotes are a form of understatement that involves making an affirmative point by denying its opposite. – – – “Being tortured with fire must have been somewhat uncomfortable.” “Rap videos with dancers in them are not uncommon.“ “There are a few Starbucks in America." Hyperbole A caricature is an exaggeration or other distortion of an individual's prominent features or characteristics to the point of making that individual appear ridiculous. Wit- clever expression, whether aggressive or harmless Ridicule BELLWORK Identify the figurative device(s) in the following line: “They say the eyes are the windows to the soul.” Announcements/Reminders •Journals will be checked and there will be a quiz on Chapters 19-21 of Frankenstein on Thursday. •5th and 7th period classes report to room 108 computer lab Thursday and Friday. •The deadline for Poetry Slam submissions in tomorrow, Thurs., Nov. 1st. •NMS reminder: take care of your business. •Donating money in Mr. Whitehead’s bucket today will do the following: •Enter your name in a drawing for a prize. •Vote for Mr. Whitehead’s costume to win. •Provide additional funding for the library. A parody is an imitation of an author or his/her work with the idea of ridiculing or paying homage to the author or the work. Examples: Scary Movie, Disaster Movie, Epic Movie, etc. Songs by Weird Al Yankovic Parody As we watch an excerpt from Mel Brooks’ Young Frankenstein take notes on the parodic elements. What did the director choose to exploit? What elements did the actors exaggerate or mock? What is the cast and crew expressing about the Frankenstein story through this parody? Bellwork Identify the figurative device(s) in the following quote from Frankenstein: I at once gave up my former occupations, set down natural history and all its progeny as a deformed and abortive creation. Bellwork I at once gave up my former occupations, set down natural history and all its progeny as a deformed and abortive creation. Simile: natural history = a deformed, abortive creature While we’re at it, use context clues to determine the meaning of progeny. n. A descendant or the descendants of a person, animal, or plant; offspring. Bellwork Identify each of the following: A. The type of satire B. The satirical elements used C. The main idea/purpose Objectives • Identify examples of idiom, metaphor, simile, personification, hyperbole, or pun in poetry or prose. • Identify and analyze standard literary elements (i.e., allegory, parable, paradox, parody, satire, etc). CPS Time! on chapters 19-21 Satire As we analyze the following the political cartoons/covers identify each of the following: • the type of satire (Horatian or Juvenalian) • the satirical element(s) used (irony, sarcasm, hyperbole, litotes, caricature, wit, ridicule) • the main idea, purpose, or joke of the cartoon BELLWORK Identify the figurative device(s) in the following excerpt: "Only the champion daisy trees were serene. After all, they were part of a rain forest already two thousand years old and scheduled for eternity, so they ignored the men and continued to rock the diamondbacks that slept in their arms. It took the river to persuade them that indeed the world was altered." -Toni Morrison, Tar Baby Announcements/Reminders •Journals will be checked and there will be a quiz on Chapters 22-Epilogue of Frankenstein on Friday. •5th and 7th period classes WILL NOT report to room 108 computer lab Thursday and Friday. •NMS reminder: take care of your business. •ACT tutoring will be today after school from 2:30-4:00. Please come! •The PLAN test (practice ACT) will be Thursday 1st - 4th period Identify the type of irony used in the following excerpt: Jose’s brother Angel was always getting picked on, so Jose went to join the Cobras. Ice, the gang leader, said that Jose would have to steal a bicycle as initiation. Jose was hesitant, but Ice said, “If you want in, you’ll go steal that bike at the minimart.” He knew it was wrong, but he grabbed the bike and rode it back to Ice. Ice was pleased and said, “Great. Roll the bike off the top of that building.” Jose didn’t want to, but he was so sick of his brother getting picked on. Jose rolled the bike to the building rooftop, closed his eyes, and pushed the bike off. He heard the sound of it smashing to pieces and the gang chuckling. Afterward, Ice told him that he had hesitated too much, so Jose couldn’t be in the gang. Jose couldn’t believe he did all of that for nothing, but he was kind of relieved that he was leaving the gang life behind him. He went home to find his little brother crying. “What’s wrong, Angel?” Jose asked concernedly. Angel replied in between sobs, “My… my… bike. Somebody stole my bike.” Announcements/Reminders •Journals will be checked and there will be a quiz on Chapters 22-Epilogue of Frankenstein on Friday. •5th and 7th period classes WILL NOT report to room 108 computer lab Thursday and Friday. •NMS reminder: take care of your business. •The PLAN test (practice ACT) will be Thursday 1st - 4th period •ACT tutoring students- Did anyone take their workbook? If so, please return. IRONY Irony - The humor, shock, or emphasis resulting from the opposite or completely unexpected occurring instead of the reader’s reasonable expectations. Verbal Irony A type of irony that must be said in some form; saying one thing but meaning the drastic opposite, aka sarcasm. Example: When it is a dark, gloomy, rainy, day and someone says, "Wow, what a gorgeous day!" Verbal Irony Situational Irony The audience reasonably expects one event when the opposite or completely unexpected occurs instead. Example: Sara put a lucky penny in her shoe. While walking to school, she stepped on it funny, tripped, and fell on her face in front of her crush. Situational Irony Situational Irony The Scarecrow longs for intelligence, only to discover he is already a genius, The Tin man longs to be capable of love, only to discover he already has a heart. The Lion, who at first appears to be a whimpering coward turns out to be bold and fearless The people in Emerald City believe the Wizard to have been a powerful deity, only to discover he was a bumbling eccentric old man. Dramatic Irony The audience sees or knows something important that the character(s) are completely unaware of. In Horton Hears a Who, we know that Horton really is talking to little people on a bubble, but everyone else thinks he's crazy. Dramatic Irony On a TV talk show, a guest thinks she is there to have a makeover, but the audience knows that she will soon be confronted by her cheating husband and his girlfriend. Identify the type of irony used in the following passage: Though the police considered him a criminal, and property owners considered him a menace, Noodles considered himself an artist. Noodles would paint huge murals and spray can artwork on everything he could reach, water towers, billboards, shop windows, overpasses, anything he could reach. One day, Noodles spray painted his name in big block letters over the window of the local grocery store. When the store owner arrived the next day, he was heard to utter, “Oh! Thank you. How nice of you, Noodles, to spray paint your name over my store window like that. I really appreciate it.” He never got to thank Noodles personally, though he often wished that he had. Identify the type of irony used in the following passage: Annie’s boyfriend Scott was coming home today, so she snuck into his house to surprise him. While waiting, she thought the surprise might be even better if she popped out of his closet. She heard Scott come talking, “You know I can’t wait to see you, Baby.” He must be leaving me a message, Annie pleasantly thought to herself. Then she heard Scott continue to talk. “No, she’s nothing serious. And besides, you know you’re the one I love, Katie.” Annie’s heart dropped. She grabbed the pepper spray from out of her purse, unlatched the safety, and felt her hand tense on the release button. Scott walked into the room, smiling and laughing as he flirted with Katie on the phone. Identify the type of irony used in the following passage: Jimmy the Lock was a master safecracker. No lock could hold Jimmy and that’s why they called him “the Lock.” Now Jimmy was set up to get the score of his life. He had the blueprints all laid out to do a job on an armored car diamond delivery. Gathering up all of his tools and gear, Jimmy headed out the door to meet his contact, Bobby the Rat, but when he got to his car, he couldn’t find his keys. He patted down his pockets before he realized that he must have left them in his other thieving-pants. Jimmy went back to get his keys, but the door wouldn’t open. Jimmy the Lock had locked himself out of his house. Identify the type of irony used in the following passage: Swanson Wisconsin was a famous child star. Swanson Wisconsin was extremely wealthy and had the respect and admiration of millions of boys and girls around the world. She was also the face of the antidrug movement and appeared on several commercials, billboards, and bus advertisements telling young people not to use drugs. All over the country the message was heard: “Be like Swanson Wisconsin. Think up. Don’t get high.” One fateful December evening, Swanson Wisconsin crashed her Bentley into hotdog stand. At the hospital, blood tests revealed that Swanson Wisconsin had enough crystal meth, cocaine, and tranquilizers in her system to murder an elephant. For homework: Create a political cartoon It must include: • a current political issue that you are well informed on • a goal; something you are attempting to criticize or poke fun at for a purpose • At least one form of Irony AND at least one of the following satirical elements: sarcasm, hyperbole, litotes, caricature, wit, ridicule. PUN A pun is a type of word play that creates a secondary meaning to a phrase by using words that sound or look alike, or have multiple meanings. Homographic pun A play on words that have more than one meaning, despite being spelled identically. Ex. “A dog having puppies on the sidewalk is considered to be littering.” The dog is “littering” by giving birth to puppies, and also “littering” by placing inappropriate items on the sidewalk 60 seconds to write a homographic pun! Homophonic puns A play on words that simply sound alike, rather than a single word with multiple meanings. Ex. “Why do we still have troops in Germany? Answer: To keep the Russians in Czech" This pun relies on the ambiguity of the homophones “check” and “Czech” when spoken. 60 seconds to write a homophonic pun! Homonymic puns A play on words which are both homographs and homophones. Ex. "Did you hear about the little moron who strained himself while running into the screen door?" This pun plays on 'strained' as "to give much effort" and "to filter". = 60 seconds to write a homonymic pun! NOW Let’s take a look at the script for the comedy routine “Who’s on First” by Abbott and Costello. Identify the type of pun used : Homophonic because “cantaloupe” sounds like “can’t elope” but is spelled differently. Identify the type of pun used : Homonymic because “chewy” and “Chewy” are spelled the same, sound the same, but mean different things. Identify the type of pun used : You can tune a guitar, but you can't tuna fish. Unless of course you play bass. = •“Tuna fish” is homophonic with “tune a fish” •“bass” (the fish) and “bass” the guitar are homographic because they’re spelled the same but do not sound the same. Identify the type of pun used : Homophonic because “missed steak” and “mistake” sound the same but are not spelled the same. Identify the type of pun used : Homonymic because he is “charged with battery” as in arrested for hitting someone and also as in he is fueled by an Energizer battery. Announcements/Reminders •Journals will be checked on Chapters 22Epilogue of Frankenstein on Friday. •We will have our mid-quarter exam on Friday. It will include the following: •Chapters 22-Epilogue of Frankenstein •Satire (wit, ridicule, caricature, etc.) & Irony (verbal, situational, and dramatic) •Figurative language •Metaphor, simile, idiom, personification, hyperbole, pun •Characterization •Direct & Indirect Political Cartoons Those who would like to share theirs, please bring them up one at a time to show on the document reader. Then let’s watch a few minutes of Obama’s speech from last night. Frankenstein Let’s take out our character maps, journals, notes, etc. Let’s update our character charts. Victor The monster Elizabeth Clerval CPS Time! Mid-Quarter Exam Announcements/Reminders •Collect, update, or complete all journals for Frankenstein, due on Tuesday •Congratulations to all of our CHS Poetry Slam Participants- TaCarra Prewitt, Laura King, and third place winner- Ivy Arnold and second place winner- Danielle Gipson. •These or any other female poets who are interested in submitting their poems into a contest with cash prizes, see me. •ACT tutoring will be held today IF 10 students show up. No tutoring on Monday because of the holiday.