WHAT IS POETRY? • Expression of ideas and emotions through creative language and form. • Parts of a poem: • Lines • Stanzas- formed by a series of lines and broken up into paragraph-like sections in a poem. • Two forms of poetry: • Traditional- follows specific rules such as length, regular rhythm rhyme scheme • Organic- DOES NOT follow any rules for pattern, rhythm or length. CREATIVE LANGUAGE • Rhythm- created by a pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables • Meter- a regular pattern of rhythm • Rhyme• End Rhyme- occurs at the end of each line in a poem • Internal Rhyme- occurs within a line of poetry. • Poetry is told by a SPEAKER. “My heart is like a singing bird Whose nest is in a watered shoot: My heart is like an apple tree Whose boughs are bent with thick set fruit;” LITERARY DEVICES • Tone- The attitude that an author/writer takes towards the poem in writing it. • Mood- The feeling a reader gets through the tone, imagery, and figurative language used. • Imagery- descriptions created to appeal to the five senses: sight, smell, sound, touch, and taste. • Figurative Language- provides MORE description of sense and emotions. • Example: He was angry. He burned with anger. LITERARY DEVICES Alliteration- Repetition of the same letters or sounds at the beginning of words. Consonance- Close repetition of similar consonant sounds Assonance- Close repetition of similar vowel sounds. Onomatopoeia- Words that represent or imitate the sound they describe. (example: “Vroom;” “Buzz;” “Caw”) Personification- Giving an inanimate or inhuman object human-like qualities.