1. Adjective - Cherokee County Schools

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1. Adjective

Word that modifies a noun or pronoun by telling: a.

b.

c.

What kind?

Which one?

How many or how much?

2. To Modify (verb)

*To describe a word or to make its meaning more definite.

*To enhance

Suffix

1. able, ible

2. al

3. esque

4. ful

5. ic, ical

6. ious, ous

7. ish

8. ive

9. less

10. y

3. Adjective Suffixes

Example Meaning

Capable of being

Pertaining to

Reminiscent of

Notable for

Pertaining to

Characterized by

Having the quality of

Having the nature of

Without

Characterized by

Your Turn

4.

5.

1.

2.

3.

Angry students boycotted the expensive cafeteria.

Fifteen horses pranced in the Memorial

Day parade.

Some cars can go three hundred miles on a full tank of gas.

A big, yellow dog barred my way.

The school bus was late again.

4. Demonstrative and

Indefinite Adjectives

a.

Demonstratives (4) – this, that, these, those b. Indefinite (13) – all, any, both, each, either, everything, few, many, most, one, several, some, something, AND ALL NUMBERS!

c. When these words are used alone, they are pronouns, but are adjectives when they modify nouns or pronouns.

d. Ex: Let’s take these pictures home to show Sally.

f. Did my dog eat that slipper or this one?

h. Most students studied really hard for that test.

5. Nouns Used as Adjectives

When a noun modifies another noun or pronoun, it is considered an adjective.

Ex: chocolate pie

Ex: basketball practice

Ex: school bus

*

A, an, and the

6. Articles

*The most commonly used adjectives in all the world.

*Articles always precede nouns.

Definite Article

*“the”

*Indicates a specific item

*Ex: the perennial, the dilemma the preamble, the rift the taunt, the catalyst

Indefinite Articles

*”a” and “an”

*indicates a general nonspecific item

*”a” – used before a noun beginning with a consonant sound.

*Ex: a jeer, a marauder

*“an” – used before a noun beginning with a vowel or vowel sound.

*Ex: an alien, an altercation

7. Proper Adjectives a.

Formed from a proper noun.

b.

Always capitalized.

c.

Ex: Italian leather, Darwinian theory,

Asian food

8. Adjectives of Comparison

b.

c.

a.

Positive Form

Comparative Form

Superlative Form

8a. Positive Form – the base

form of an adjective

1.

2.

3.

Does not show a level of comparison at all.

Used to show only that a quality exists.

Ex: fun, small, exact, crazy

8b. Comparative Form – form used to compare two things

2.

3.

1.

4.

For almost all adjectives of one syllable, form the comparative by adding –er to the end of the word.

Ex: taller, louder, wetter, nicer

For adjectives of more than two syllables, form the comparison usually by adding the word

“more” in front of the adjective.

Ex: more funny, more outrageous, more likable

8c. Superlative Form – used to compare more than two things

1.

For almost all one syllable adjectives, form the superlative by adding –est to the end of the word.

2.

Ex: deepest, coldest, saddest

8c. Superlative Form – used to compare more than two things

3. For adjectives of more than two syllables, form the superlative usually by adding the word “most” in front of the adjective.

4. Ex: most beautiful, most resentful

Positive

1. soft

2.

3. poisonous

4.

5. reasonable

6. arduous

Your Turn

Comparative Superlative

more boring most mature

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