Warm-up Collect the worksheet titled “ Candidates for President” And follow the instructions Carlene Watson was born in St. Louis, Missouri. She has lived in California for the last 13 years. She is 36 years old, is married, and has 3 children. She is currently the mayor the city in which she resides. Eligible? Why Not? Steven Rider is 33 years old and works for a major airline. He currently lives in Fort Lauderdale, Florida with his wife.They have no children.While he was born in the U.S., he lived in Ireland until he was 21. He has never held political office. Eligible? Why Not? Tim Nguyen has lived in Chicago, Illinois for the last 20 years. He has been a city council member and was elected to serve as a state representative. His parents immigrated to the U.S. from Vietnam before he was born. Mr. Nguyen was born in 1958 in Portland, Oregon. He is not married. Eligible? Why Not? Maxine St. Claire is currently the President of the U.S. She was elected to a second term with over 67% of the vote. She is 54 years old and resides in the White House with her husband and 2 children. Eligible? Why Not? Michael Sanders was born in Bangor, Maine in 1968. His father was a senator and his mother served on the city council. He joined the military when he was 18 and was stationed in Japan for 3 years. After he left the military, he attended college in Phoenix, Arizona where he has lived since graduation. Eligible? Why Not? Jacques Remco was born in 1948 in New Orleans. Louisiana. His mother was a French citizen, but his father was American. He and his family lived in Paris until 2004. He has never held public office. Eligible? Why Not? Review Homework answers 1. federal bureaucracy 2. turn new laws into action by deciding how to apply them administer day to day operations of government Regulate various activities 3. Executive agencies (ex- NASA) Government corporations ( post office) Regulatory Boards and Commission ( ex- Federal Communication Commission) 4. Political appointees 5.civil service system open, competitive examinations and merit. National Executive Branch Roles of the president President Warren Harding shakes hands with Babe Ruth. Key Ideas in this Lesson Presidential power is broad in both domestic and foreign affairs. There are limits on what the president can and cannot do. (established by the Constitution and the system of checks and balances) Presidential power has grown over the years since the Constitution was ratified. The president and the executive branch play a key role in policymaking. I have so many jobs to do every day that I have to assume many roles. Read about what I do on textbook pages 172-174 and identify each of my roles. You will need to use your vocabulary list too. Next find the picture that best represents each role and past it in the box beside the role. Meet with your 3:00 partner You have 20 minutes. Chief Executive Chief of Party Chief Diplomat Roles of the president Chief Citizen Chief of State Commander in Chief Chief Legislator Chief Executive Head of the executive branch 1. Executes the laws 2. In charge of 15 cabinet departments 3. Issue a rule or command that has the force of law called executive order 4. Appoint federal judges to the Supreme Court and other federal courts 5. Grant a pardon Describe What power does the president have that carries the force of law and assists the president in enforcing laws passed by Congress? The president has the power to issue executive orders. Click the mouse button or press the Chief Diplomat 3. 3. 4. 1. Directs foreign policy 2. Makes decisions on how the US acts toward other countries 3. Focus on keeping our country safe from harm called national security 4. Appoints ambassadors to represent our country’s government 5. Makes treaties or formal agreements with other countries Commander in Chief 1. Head of the armed forces 2. Uses the armed forces to back up foreign policy decisions 3. Only Congress can declare war 4. President can order troops into battle Identify What duties does the president carry out as commander in chief? The president is the leader of the military, must notify Congress when troops are sent into battle, and must order troops home within 90 days unless Congress approves a longer stay or declares war. Roles of the President • Congress has declared war only five times, yet presidents have sent troops into action more than 150 times. • This situation may threaten the system of checks and balances. Chief Legislator 1. Congress expects the president to propose legislation 2. Gain support for ideas by appealing the people 3. Approve or veto laws 4. Appoint officials who help carry out the laws 5. Propose legislation and appeal to the people in an annual speech to Congress called the State of the Union Address Joe Biden as President of the Senate John Boehner as Speaker of the House By announcing his ideas he hopes to: 1. GAIN SUPPORT FOR HIS IDEAS IN CONGRESS 2. APPEAL DIRECTLY TO THE PEOPLE FOR SUPPORT Watch part of the 2012 Addresshttp://www.cbsnews.com/video/watch/?id=7396295n Why does the president give several speeches to Congress each year, including the State of the Union address? The Constitution requires the president to give Congress information about the “state of the union.” These speeches fulfill that obligation. Chief of State 1. Living symbol of our nation 2. Greets visiting foreign leaders 3. Carries out ceremonial functions President Obama, Queen Elizabeth of Great Britain, Michelle Obama, Prince Philip Chief Citizen 1. Representative of all the people 2. Tries to help the economy prosper 3. Plan the federal budget Certain moral obligations Chief of Party 1. Leader of the political party that controls the executive branch 2. Helps fellow party members win elective office 3. Helps to raise money for the party The president of the United States is generally considered to hold the most important job in the world. Why? The job of U.S. president is generally considered the most important in the world because of the power and global influence of the United States. Which of the president’s 7 roles ( or hats ) that he has to do each day do you think is the most important? Why? The president has cabinet departments, agencies and regulatory groups to help him carry out these roles and to interpret and execute the laws. Presidential Cabinet This is the group of advisors closest to the president. They provide the president with detailed information so he can make informed decisions The heads of each department are appointed by the president (political appointee) These department heads are in the presidential line of succession Class work Homework Complete the matching exercise on the president’s Cabinet Complete the two exercises on the back page.