Key Physical Features of Georgia ppt

• The fall line is a natural
boundary between the
Piedmont and Coastal
Plain regions.
• Because of the dramatic
drop-off of the rolling
hills of the Piedmont to
the flat plains of the
Coastal region, the
waterfalls were
dangerous to navigate.
• The waterfalls provided
a source for power, and
many mills were located
on the fall line.
• Some of Georgia’s
important cities are
located along the fall
line: Columbus, Macon,
and Augusta.
• Covers 700 square miles
• Largest freshwater
swamp in North America
• Found in four Georgia
counties (Charlton, Ware,
Brantly, and Clinch)
• Choctaw Indians gave
the swamp its name,
which means “land of the
trembling earth.”
• The most famous Indian
tribe that lived in the
swamp were the Seminoles.
• The swamp was a major
source of timber but was
classified as a wildlife
refuge in the early 20th
• Hundreds of animals
species call the swamp
their home.
• The southernmost point
of the Appalachian
Mountains is located in
Georgia in the Blue
Ridge region.
• Brasstown Bald is also
located in the
Appalachian Mountains.
• Chattahoochee River
• Begins in the Blue Ridge
region and flows all the way
to the Gulf of Mexico.
• Creates part of the border
between Georgia and
• It is a major water source for
the Piedmont region,
including Atlanta.
• It is also used for industry
and recreation. (West Point
Savannah River
• Also begins in the Blue Ridge
region but flow to the Atlantic
• Forms the border between
South Carolina and Georgia
• It is a source of drinking
water for Savannah and
• It is also used to generate
hydroelectric power.
• Savannah River
• Hernando de Soto was the
first European explorer to
cross it.
• Georgia’s first city was
established on the Savannah
• long, narrow deposits of sand
that form parallel to the shore
and away from surf action
• Found all over the world, but
are most well known along
the entire eastern coast of
North America
• These islands protect the
mainland from wind and
• There are 14 barrier islands
off the coast of Georgia.
• During the Exploration
period, Spanish mission were
set up on the islands
• During the Colonial and
Antebellum periods,
plantations grew indigo and
• Today, they are a tourist and
recreation attractions.
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