Leadership * The ability to move or influence others toward

Leadership – The ability to move or
influence others toward achieving
individual or group goals.
Bell Work:
• What is your definition of a
Can you think of an example of a
At your table:
As a group, create a definition for
leadership. Each person must
contribute to the
I have noticed: Leadership passes
from person to person as each
gives ideas or contributes to group
Do you ever try to influence the
behavior of other people so that
something specific is accomplished?
• The ability to influence behavior is a key
element of leadership.
What is the difference between a
leader and a boss?
Leadership is often confused with
being bossy.
• Assign tasks
• Says, “I”
• Says, “Go”
• Drives people
• Depends on authority
• Creates fear
• Sets the pace
• Says, “We”
• Says, “Let’s go”
• Guides people
• Depends on good will
• Develops confidence
Warren Bennis said:
• Leadership is like the abominable snowman,
whose footprints are everywhere but who is
nowhere to be seen. Leadership is like love.
We cannot define it or teach it, yet we can
always identify it. We know when it is present
and when we need it but cannot ensure its
expression or continuation. To an extent it is
like beauty, it is hard to define but you know it
when you see it.
Discuss with your table:
• Are you a leader?
• How can you become a leader?
Science Club
Community Service
Studies show that students who were
more active in educational student
organizations were rated higher by
instructors at the time of graduation
on leadership, citizenship, character,
willingness to accept responsibility,
confidence in self and work, and
cooperative spirit and effort.
Virtual Leadership Webpage:
• Were any definitions of leadership surprising
or very different from the others?
• What aspects of leadership were included on
webpages that you had thought about?
• Which qualities of leadership can be learned?
• What did you discover about someone else in
the group?
• What did you like the most from someone
else’s page?
Leadership Categories
• Authoritarian
• Democratic
• Laissez Faire
Authoritarian or Structural
Task oriented
Formal Relationship
Focus on implementing procedures
Policy and Organization Charts
Authoritarian or Structural
• Provide clear expectations for what needs to be done,
when it should be done, and how it should be done. There
is also a clear division between the leader and the
followers. Authoritarian leaders make decisions
independently with little or no input from the rest of the
• Researchers found that decision-making was less creative
under authoritarian leadership. Lewin also found that it is
more difficult to move from an authoritarian style to a
democratic style than vice versa. Abuse of this style is
usually viewed as controlling, bossy, and dictatorial.
• Authoritarian leadership is best applied to situations where
there is little time for group decision-making or where the
leader is the most knowledgeable member of the group.
Democratic or Participant
Share decision making
Meet needs
Provide support
Feeling Oriented
Believe in people
Visible and accessible
Democratic (Participative) Leadership
• Generally the most effective leadership style.
Democratic leaders offer guidance to group
members, but they also participate in the
group and allow input from other group
members. In Lewin’s study, children in this
group were less productive than the members
of the authoritarian group, but their
contributions were of a much higher quality.
• Believes the group can function on its own.
They really don’t need a leader.
• Researchers found that children under
delegative leadership, also known as laissezfair leadership, were the least productive of all
three groups. The children in this group also
made more demands on the leader, showed
little cooperation and were unable to work
The Big Picture – Leaders are not
born, they are made
What type of leader are you?