Technology Accelerators

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Lauren Sterna

Craig Crowell

Collin Gillaspie

Jennifer Eccles

Scott Addison

Clint Chapman

VS

.

Drugstore.com launched and online pharmacy and mailed prescriptions to customers causing

Walgreens stock to drop 40%

Walgreens coined the phrase “crawl, walk, then run” referring to entering the internet market slowly and picking up momentum along the way.

Drugstore.com did the opposite and went from run, walk, then crawl. Walgreens carefully planned their internet strategy and won the head to head with drugstore.com.

T

ECHNOLOGY AND THE

H

EDGEHOG

C

ONCEPT

Technological sophistication is present in every good to great company, but Hedgehogs pioneer the application of carefully selected technology, not the technology itself.

 pioneered the application of bar code scanners, it helped them keep up with inventory by linking backroom storage with frontline purchases.

 pioneered laser welding on relatively inexpensive items that are used repeatedly (razor blades).

T

ECHNOLOGY AND THE

H

EDGEHOG

C

ONCEPT

Good companies (Foxes) apply new technologies only after they have been pioneered by better companies.

Other companies (Wal-mart) decided to follow Kroger’s successful example by implementing the bar code system to keep track of inventory.

T

ECHNOLOGY

THE

A

CCELERATORS IN

G

OOD

-

TO

-G

REAT

C

OMPANIES

Abbott- computer technology to increase economic denominator of profit per employee.

Circuit City- sophisticated point-of-sale and inventorytracking technologies.

Fannie Mae- sophisticated algorithms and computer analysis to more accurately assess mortgage risk.

Gillette- sophisticated manufacturing technology.

Kimberly-Clark- application of manufacturing-process technology to support their passionate pursuit of product superiority

Kroger- first to experiment with scanners, which it linked to the entire cash-flow cycle.

T

ECHNOLOGY

THE

A

CCELERATORS IN

G

OOD

-

TO

-G

REAT

C

OMPANIES

Nucor- application of the most advanced mini-mill steel manufacturing technology.

Philip Morris- packing and manufacturing technology.

Pitney Bowes- advanced technology in the mailroom.

Walgreens- application of satellite communications and computer network technology.

Wells Fargo- application of technologies that would increase economic denominator.

TECHNOLOGY AS AN

ACCELERATOR, NOT A

CREATOR OF MOMENTUM

Does the technology fit directly with your

Hedgehog Concept?

Yes → Become a pioneer in the application of that technology

No → Then ask, do you need this technology at all?

Technology must create a clear

Hedgehog Concept and stay within the three circles in order to make a great company.

TECHNOLOGY AS AN

ACCELORATOR, NOT A

CREATOR OF MOMENTUM

Unsustained pioneering in the application of technology

Chrysler (computer-aided design)

Made excellent use of advanced computer-aided and other design technologies, but failed to link those technologies to a consistent Hedgehog Concept

 Fannie-Mae

CEO, Jim Johnson and lead technology audit consultant,

Bill Kelvie, took Fannie Mae from a 2 (nearly Stone Age technology) to a 3.8 (almost cutting edge)

Technology was a key part of what Fannie Mae leaders called “the second wind” of the transformation and acted as an accelerating factor

T

HE

T

ECHNOLOGY

T

RAP

Albert Einstein named “Person of the

20 th

Century” by Time Magazine

Known for his advances in science and technology

20 th century will be remembered for civil rights, democracy, and mostly technology

T

HE

T

ECHNOLOGY

T

RAP

When good to great leaders were asked the top 5 factors in transition- technology was not one in 80% of cases

Mediocrity results from management failure not technology failure

Technology is not the primary cause of greatness or decline

Technology cannot turn a good firm into a great one or prevent disaster

N

UCOR AND

B

ETHLEHEM

S

TEEL

Nucor was known as one of the most aggressive pioneers when it came to the application of mini-mill steel manufacturing

Became a cornerstone case at business schools

“The primary factors were the consistency of the company and our ability to project its philosophers throughout the whole organization, enabled by our lack of layers and bureaucracy.”

Bethlehem Steel tried the same type of technology, but it did not work as well.

Technology was the accelerator of Bethlehem’s demise.

T

ECHNOLOGY AND THE FEAR

OF BEING LEFT BEHIND

Good to great companies were not motivated by fear. They were driven by the fear of what they didn’t understand.

Good to great companies are motivated by a creative urge and an inner compulsion for excellence

No amount of technology can make you a level 5 leader or company

T

ECHNOLOGY AND THE FEAR

OF BEING LEFT BEHIND

In the late 1990’s during the technology bubble many companies were worried about how their company would adapt to the new technology

Great companies responded quietly and calmly. Others were fearful and frantic

ADVANCES IN

PRODUCTS

Coke teams up with Chromocell Corp. to develop innovative sweetener technology.

Cutting Carbon Emissions

Creating Sustainable Packaging (85 percent of our volume delivered in recyclable bottles)

ADVANCES IN

DISTRIBUTION

Coke Free-style (touchscreen dispensers)

Climate Friendly Refrigeration with Greenpeace

ADVANCES

WITHIN

The Coca-Cola Company announced that it has agreed to test fuel cells powered by environmentally friendly biogas to power its Odwalla juice packaging plant in Dinuba, Calif.

Panama’s 100 Percent Green Water

Treatment Plant

First LED-Certified Coca-Cola Bottling

Facility Opens In Baton Rouge

SUMMARY

Technology and the Hedgehog Concept

Hedgehogs pioneer the application of carefully selected technology

Technology as an Accelerator

Does technology fit directly with your Hedgehog Concept?

Technology Trap

Technology and the fear of being left behind

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