Name ____________________ Period_____________________ Animal Behavior The Behavior of Animals ( pg. 437) 1. All of the actions that an animal performs, such as the things it does to get food, avoid predators, or find a mate, are part of an animal’s __________________________. 2. In what two ways do most behaviors help an animal? 3. An organism’s reaction to a stimulus is a(n)________________. 4. A behavior pattern that is inborn and that an animal performs correctly the first time is a(n)_________________________. 5. Give an example of an instinct______________________. Learned Behavior (pp. 438-442) 6. What is learning? 7. When birds and newborn mammals learn to recognize and follow the first moving object they see, this is a process called_______________/ 8. In what two ways is imprinting valuable? 9. How did Pavlov condition a dog to salivate when he rang a bell? 10. Learning to ride a bike is an example of ___________ learning. Communication ( pg. 445) 11. List three ways in which animals communicate with each other A_________________________________________ B_________________________________________ C_________________________________________ Competitive Behavior ( pp. 446-447) 12. List the resources that animals compete for 13. Threatning behavior that one animal uses to gain control over another is called ____________________________. 14.What is a territory? 15.Circle the letter of each sentence that is true about establishing territories A. Birds leave scent markings to maintain their territories. B. A territory protects an animals access to food and possible mates. C. A territory provides a safe area in which animals can raise their young. D. A male songbird without a territory can easily attract a female . 16. The behavior in which males and females of the same species prepare for mating is called ___________________. 17. What is the importance of courtship behavior? Group Behavior ( pp. 448-449) 18.Describe what musk oxen are doing when they gather in a circle, facing out with their horns lowered 19. A group of closely related animals of the same species that work together in a highly organized way is called a(n) Behavior Cycles (pp. 450-451) 20. Behavior Cycles that take place over a period of about one day are called __________________________. 21. Is the following true or false? Animals that are active at night do not encounter predators that are active during the day ?___________. 22. What is hibernation? 23. The regular journey of an animal from one place to another and then back again is called? 24. Why do animals migrate? 25. What senses do animals use to migrate?