Tempest Powerpoint

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The Tempest
Written by William Shakespeare
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William Shakespeare’s
The Tempest
• Generally regarded
as Shakespeare’s last
play: 1611
• Performed for King
James I and at the
marriage festivities of
his daughter Elizabeth
• Source: William
Strachey’s account of
the shipwreck of the
Sea Venture in 1609
Paul Falconer Poole. A Scene from the
Tempest, 1856.
• Rulers and subjects
Themes
– Right relationship
– Responsibilities
– Master/Servant
• Revenge or mercy
– Sibling rivalry
• Commentary on
European exploration of
new lands
– Utopianism
– Colonialism
– Imperialism
• “The Other”
– Nature of indigenous
peoples
• The role of the artist
Prospero by Lisa Iris
John William Waterhouse,
Miranda-The Tempest, c. 19
“If by your art, my dearest father, you have put the wild waters in this roar, allay
Prospero
usurper
Antonio
King of Naples
Miranda
Sycorax
Caliban
Alonso
Sebastian Duke of Milan
Ferdinand
Ariel
Iris
Ceres
Juno
Nymphs
Gonzalo, Counselor
Trinculo, Jester
Stephano, Butler
Adrian, Francisco
Shipmaster, Boatswain, etc.
The Tempest
Main Menu
Click on each category to view detailed explanation:
1. Characters
5. Climax
2. Dramatic
Structure
6. Falling Action
7. Denouement
3. Exposition
8. Themes
4. Rising Action
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Characters
• Prospero: The protagonist, the
overthrown Duke of Milan who is now a
sorcerer on a deserted island.
• Miranda: Daughter of Prospero.
• Ariel: A mischievous spirit who does
Prospero’s bidding and is visible only to
him.
• Alonso: King of Naples.
• Sebastian: Alonso’s brother, who is
attempting to kill his brother and
nephew to steal the throne.
• Antonio: Prospero’s brother, new Duke
of Milan, who sent Prospero to the
island.
• Ferdinand: Alonso’s son, next in line for
the throne.
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The Tempest: Concepts in Acts I and II
In The Tempest, Shakespeare seems to have anticipated the race, class and
gender politics of Colonialism:
• Prospero is the Colonial Master, deposed from his European seat, and
now imposing his rule on Caliban’s island
• Ariel is the “good native,” who happily does the bidding of the master
• Caliban is the “bad native” who must be controlled and enslaved
• Miranda is the “prize” the ideal of feminine purity that must be
protected from the savages
• Ferdinand is the “heir” to Europe’s wealth and power, though he hasn’t
done anything to deserve his good fortune
• Stephano and Trinculo represent the lower-class Europeans who
emulate the upper class in seeking to take advantage of the natives
• Antonio, Adrian and Sebastian are European courtiers who will take
advantage of any opportunity to advance their positions; Antonio
(brother of Prospero and usurping Duke of Milan) plots
with Sebastian to overthrow his brother, Alonso (King of Naples)
Dramatic Structure
• Exposition: The beginning of the story
which gives information that is
necessary for the reader’s full
understanding.
• Rising Action: Any action or actions
that lead up to the climax of the
story.
• Climax: The moment of pure conflict
in the story, something huge is
changing or happening to the
Protagonist.
• Falling Action: All conflict is being
settled, things are slowly falling back
into place.
• Denouement: The story is finished,
and the audience is usually left with
a sense of finality.
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Exposition
• Prospero, the rightful
Duke of Milan has just
been overthrown and
banished to an
abandoned island by
his own brother,
Antonio, who has allied
himself with Milan’s
enemy, Naples.
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Rising Action
• Prospero uses his sorcery
and his spirit, Ariel, to
create a storm which
wrecks the ship which
carries Antonio (his
brother), Alonso (King of
Naples), Sebastian
(Alonso’s brother), and
Ferdinand (Alonso’s son),
causing them to all be
cast on to the island.
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Climax
• Miranda (Prospero’s
daughter) and
Ferdinand (Alonso’s
son) fall in love,
Prospero creates a
series of magical
interventions which
cause Alonso to
regret his past
actions.
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Falling Action
• Antonio and
Sebastian’s
plan to
overthrow
Alonso is
revealed.
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Denouement
• Prospero’s dukedom
is restored, Antonio
and Sebastian are
forgiven, and the
betrothal between
Miranda and
Ferdinand ensures
peace between
Milan and Naples.
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Themes
• Revenge: Throughout the entire
play, Prospero puts all of his
energy into getting revenge on
his brother.
• Jealousy: Jealousy plays a huge
role in the story. There is jealousy
between Prospero and Antonio
and Alonso and Sebastian.
• Forgiveness: Forgiveness is the
theme most commonly
associated with Shakespeare’s
The Tempest. In the end of the
play, everyone is forgiven, and
all is well.
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Question 1: On the Dramatic
Structure diagram, where does the
Denouement fall?
A. Before the Exposition
B. After the Rising Action
C. Before the Climax
D. After the Falling Action
Question 2: What is the name of
Prospero’s daughter?
A. Ariel
B. Miranda
C. Juliet
D. Beatrice
Question 3: Why did Prospero send
out the storm to wreck the ship and
bring its habitants onto his island?
A. To get revenge on his brother
B. He is a cruel old man
C. It was an accident
D. None of the above
Question 4: In the end, who does
Miranda fall in love with?
A. Alonso
B. Antonio
C. Ferdinand
D. Romeo
Question 5: Which theme can most
easily be tied to the play?
A. Revenge
B. Jealousy
C. Forgiveness
D. All of the above
The End!
• Congratulations! You have finished
today’s lesson on William
Shakespeare’s The Tempest.
• If you have any questions, comments,
or concerns, don’t hesitate to contact
me.
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beginning of the lesson for the next
student!
Great Job!
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Nice Answer!
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Correct!
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• That is not quite where the
Denouement is on the Dramatic
Structure.
• Click here to go back to Question 1.
Sorry, try again!
• This character is not featured in The
Tempest, but rather in Shakepeare’s
Romeo and Juliet.
• Click here to go back to Question 2.
Sorry, try again!
• This character is not featured in The
Tempest, but rather in Shakespeare’s
Much Ado About Nothing.
• Click here to go back to Question 2.
Sorry, try again!
• Ariel is actually the spirit who does all
of Prospero’s evil biddings.
• Click here to go back to Question 2.
Sorry, try again!
• That is not the reason Prospero
wrecked his brother’s ship.
• Click here to go back to Question 3.
Sorry, try again!
• Alonso is the King of Naples, not the
man who Miranda falls in love with.
• Click here to go back to Question 4.
Sorry, try again!
• Antonio is Prospero’s brother, therefore
Miranda’s uncle. He is not the man
that Miranda falls in love with.
• Click here to go back to Question 4.
Sorry, try again!
• Romeo is actually a character not
featured in The Tempest but in
Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet.
• Click here to go back to Question 4.
Sorry, try again!
• That is not the theme that is most
closely tied with the play.
• Click here to go back to Question 5.
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