Vocabulary Development 4 Name: Student #: Synonyms and Antonyms A synonym is a word or phrase that is similar in meaning. For example, the words big, large, and huge are synonyms. They don’t mean exactly the same thing, but they are close in meaning. An antonym is a word or phrase that means the opposite of another word or phrase. For example, the words big and small are antonyms. *One good way to increase your vocabulary is to learn synonyms and antonyms. 1. Choose a synonym for each word. (Adjective = Adjective) smart outgoing thoughtful wealthy 1) rich = ____________ 2) intelligent = ____________ 3) friendly = ____________ 4) considerate = ____________ 2. Choose s synonym for each word. (Verb Phrase = Adjective) ambitious caring dedicated talented supportive honest inspiring kind 1) telling the truth = ____________ 2) inspire someone = ____________ 3) support someone = ____________ 4) dedicate oneself to something = ____________ 5) have talent = ____________ 6) care for someone = ____________ 7) have an ambition = ____________ 8) treat someone well = ____________ 3. Restate the sentences. Use a synonym. 1) He is honest. He _____________________________. 2) She is talented. She _____________________________. 3) He is an ambitious filmmaker. He ______________________ to succeed in filmmaking. 4) He is a caring parent. He _____________________________ his children. 5) She is a dedicated employee. She ____________________________ herself to her work. 6) She is very thoughtful about other people’s feeling. She ___________________________ *Avoiding repetition To avoid sounding repetitive in your writing, try not to use the same words too often. Where possible, use a synonym. Try to use a thesaurus to find synonyms. 4. Replace the words in bold in the passage with synonyms or similar expressions. Use your dictionary or thesaurus to help. From ancient times until today, the basic process of producing the oil is the same. First, whole olives are crushed. Then, the liquid is separated from the solids. After that, the valuable oil is separated from the water. Many olive growers maintain their ancient traditions and still harvest the olives by hand. “It would be less expensive to do it with machines, but it’s more a social thing. Twenty people come to help with the harvest, and we pay them in oil”, says Don Celso, an olive farmer from Tuscany, Italy. Word Synonym or similar expression Synonym or similar expression Word basic maintain the same by hand valuable less expensive 5. Match the words with their antonyms from the box quiet, low, maximum, false, public, early, difficult, the same Word Antonym Word different true private minimum easy high late loud Antonym 6. Complete the sentences with the words from above. You might have to change the form of the word. 1) There was a ___________ knocking on the door. 2) ‘Listen,’ she said _____________, ‘I want to tell you something.’ 3) The scheme has a lot of _____________ support. 4) We want you to get _______________ benefit from the treatment. 5) Williams is a ______________ competitive player who hates losing. 6) The fundamental _________________ between John and Jake is their attitudes to money.