Science Study Guide
Earth Changes
Write the word that best completes each sentence in the spaces below. Words may be
used only once.
Core
erosion
magma
weathering
lava
crust
landform
mantle
earthquake
volcano
The sudden movement of plates on Earth’s crust is called an (p. 204)
Earthquake
Melted rock that flows out of a volcano is (p.206)
Lava
The deepest and hottest layer of Earth, located at its center, is called the (p. 198)
Core
The slow process of breaking down rocks into smaller pieces is called (p. 214)
Weathering
A natural feature of land, is a (p. 194)
landform
Melted rock inside Earth’s mantle and crust is (p. 206)
Magma
The movement of weathered rock, sometimes caused by moving water or wind is called (p. 216)
Erosion
The layer below Earth’s crust is the (p. 198)
Mantle
A mountain that buids up around an opening in Earth’s crust is called a (p. 206)
Volcano
Earth’s outermost layer on which the continents are located is called the Earth’s (p. 198)
Crust
Circle the letter of the best answer for each question
What are the seven great areas of land on
earth called? (p. 193)
A.
B.
C.
D.
Countries
Continents
Landforms
Volcanoes
Which of the following can suddenly change
the land on Earth? (p. 204)
A.
B.
C.
D.
Weathering
Glacier
Earthquake
Erosion
All of the following may cause erosion
except? (p. 216)
A.
B.
C.
D.
Sunlight
Water
Wind
Glaciers
Which of the following statements is false?
(p. 192)
A. Almost half of Earth is covered by
water
B. Oceans are large bodies of water
C. A trench is a canyon on the ocean
floor
D. Earth’s deepest layer is called the
core.
An epic movement of rocks and soil down a
hill is called a (p. 208)
A.
B.
C.
D.
Earthquake
Volcano
Tsunami
Landslide
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Chapter 5-Earth Changes with answers study guide