UNIT 5 TEST REVIEW
U.S. History
SSUSH 11
U.S. History
Expansion and Reform
Was influenced by the
railroads and new
technological advances
Big Business
Expansion and Reform
Railroads contribute to this
happening in the U.S. after
1870 on a large scale
Westward
Expansion
Expansion and Reform
Expansion of Railroads
in the 1860s caused
Big Business to
dominate the
economy
Expansion and Reform
This caused interruption in
the lives of Native
Americans
Railroads
Expansion and Reform
New technology that
made steel stronger and
cheaper
Bessemer
Process
Expansion and Reform
A way to create a
monopoly by buying out
all your competitors
Horizontal
Integration
Expansion and Reform
A way to create a monopoly
by buying not only competitors
but buying out natural
resources, production, and
distribution
Vertical Consolidation
Expansion and Reform
A business arrangement
where there is one owner that
sets prices, wages and
controls the industry
Monopoly
Expansion and Reform
Main goal in the
creation of
Monopolies
Eliminate
Competition
Expansion and Reform
A conglomeration of
monopolies joined together to
eliminate Competition
Trust
Expansion and Reform
Used Vertical Integration
to form a monopoly over
steel
Carnegie
Expansion and Reform
Railroad, completed in 1869,
that run from the Atlantic
Ocean to the Pacific Ocean
Transcontinental
Railroad
Expansion and Reform
Main labor source on the
western leg of the
Transcontinental Railroad
Chinese Labor
Expansion and Reform
Used Horizontal and
Vertical integration to form
a monopoly on Oil
John D.
Rockefeller
Expansion and Reform
The name of John D.
Rockefeller’s business
Standard Oil
Company
Expansion and Reform
John D. Rockefeller’s
business trusts led to the
formation of
Monopolies
Expansion and Reform
Inventor that created
the Light Bulb
Thomas Edison
Expansion and Reform
Edison invention that
allowed people to work at
night and see in the dark
Electric Light
Bulb
Expansion and Reform
Invention of Edison’s that
allowed people to enjoy
themselves at the Movies
Motion Pictures
Expansion and Reform
Edison invention that
allowed people to listen to
records and recorded
sound
Phonograph
Expansion and Reform
An Increase in
Railroads stimulated
National economic
growth
Expansion and Reform
An Increase in
Railroads stimulated
National economic
growth
SSUSH 12
U.S. History
Expansion and Reform
Immigration station located in
New York Harbor; entrance
point for immigrants entering
on the East coast of U.S.
Ellis Island
Expansion and Reform
New Immigration after the Civil
War; Immigrants did not speak
English and were Jewish or
Catholics and come from
Southern &
Eastern Europe
Expansion and Reform
Concept used to explain the
overpopulation of cities due to
increased Immigration
Urbanization
Expansion and Reform
First organized and
National labor union in the
United States
American Federation
of Labor (AFL)
Expansion and Reform
Leader of the American
Federation of Labor (AFL)
Samuel
Gompers
Expansion and Reform
Samuel Gompers can
best be described as a
Union Leader
Expansion and Reform
Samuel Gompers
helped
Laborers /
Workers
Expansion and Reform
Strategy used by Unions to
stop work by workers refusing
to work until demands are met
Strike
Expansion and Reform
This grew quickly because
of the Railroad
Western
Population
Expansion and Reform
Sioux leader that fought U.S.
soldiers; led his people in exile
in Canada, and finally agreed
to settle on a reservation; later
shot to death by government
agents
Sitting Bull
Expansion and Reform
Massacre of Sioux in South
Dakota where 300 women,
children, and men killed by
U.S. Soldiers
Wounded Knee
Expansion and Reform
Congressional law that
attempted to assimilate native
Americans into American
Culture
Dawes Act
Expansion and Reform
Conflict that occurred when an
owner of a cart company cut
workers wages but did not
lower their rent
1894 Pullman
Strike
Expansion and Reform
In the Pullman strike
workers had a desire to
Protect their
wages
Expansion and Reform
The Pullman strike was a
factor that directly
contributed to
Industrial
Unrest
SSUSH 13
U.S. History
Expansion and Reform
Political reform movement
where people supported
increased government
regulation of business &
industry
Progressive Era
Expansion and Reform
Novel that revealed the
unsanitary conditions in the
Chicago meat packing
industry
The Jungle
Expansion and Reform
Journalist and author
of The Jungle
Upton Sinclair
Expansion and Reform
Law made by Congress to
force meat packers to make
sure their food was safe to
consume; Influenced by The
Jungle
Meat Inspection Act
Expansion and Reform
Female progressive that
opened a settlement house in
Chicago to help the inner city
poor
Jane Addams
Expansion and Reform
Settlement house that provided
immigrants learn home
economics, basic medical care,
English, legal rights;
established by Jane Addams
Hull House
Expansion and Reform
Concept that explains
segregation laws that required
separate public and private
facilities for African Americans
Jim Crow
Expansion and Reform
Court case in 1896 that ruled
that segregation in public and
private facilities is acceptable
Plessy v. Ferguson
Expansion and Reform
Legal standard established by
Plessy v. Ferguson
Separate but
Equal
Expansion and Reform
Group formed to promote full
social and economic equality
for African Americans
NAACP
Expansion and Reform
NAACP stands for
National Association
for the Advancement
of Colored People
Expansion and Reform
First African American to
graduate from Harvard
University and founder of the
NAACP
WEB Dubois
Expansion and Reform
Journalist that exposed the
corrupt business practices of
Standard Oil Company
Ida Tarbell
Expansion and Reform
Title of Ida Tarbell’s novel
criticizing the unfair practices
used by John D. Rockefeller
History of Standard
Oil
Expansion and Reform
Reform journalists that
investigated and exposed
political corruption, child labor,
slum conditions, social issues
Muckrakers
Expansion and Reform
A form of direct control of
government by state citizens
by forcing a public vote on an
issue on the ballot bypassing
state legislatures
Initiative
Expansion and Reform
A process where state
legislators place a proposal
for a law on the ballot to allow
citizens to vote the law into
effect
Referendum
Expansion and Reform
The power of state citizens to
remove public officials from
office before their term expires
Recall
Expansion and Reform
Initiative, referendum, recall
increase ordinary citizens
direct control of government
which is also known as
Direct Democracy
Expansion and Reform
th
17
The
Amendment of the
United States Constitution
requires this
Direct Election of
Senators
Expansion and Reform
The direct election of senators
meant that who would elect
the 2 senators from each state
Voters (Citizens of
the State)
Expansion and Reform
th
17
The
Amendment
increased ordinary citizens
direct control of government
which is also known as
Direct Democracy
Expansion and Reform
th
17
Before the
Amendment,
this is who selected U.S.
Senators
State Legislatures
Expansion and Reform
Progressive era movement
that reserved millions of acres
of wilderness lands,
particularly in western states
Conservation
Movement
Expansion and Reform
This President’s efforts led to
the establishment of a national
park system that included
Yosemite & Yellowstone
Theodore Roosevelt
Expansion and Reform
Immigrants in urban
neighborhoods
benefited from
Jane Addams
SSUSH 14
U.S. History
Expansion and Reform
American feelings caused by
Chinese immigrants accepting
low wages for jobs whites had
held causes wages to go down
Anti-Asian
sentiment
Expansion and Reform
Law passed in 1882 by
Congress banning all future
Chinese Immigration
Chinese
Exclusion Act