The Green Side of Entrepreneurship “Cultivating a Utopia Within the Desert” http://youtu.be/0FDsHRNbjyo The Benefits People- Access to affordable quality food, Job creation, & healthier communities. Planet-Reducing vehicle emissions & landfill waste, Reduce carbon footprint. Profit- Boost to local economies, market expansion for farmers, economic savings on food. Dean, John. "Urban Farming Offers Green Benefits." Earth Times. Web Euphrosine St. S. Genois St. Agrowtopias Food Local Fresh Affordable Agrowtopias Model High Demand & High Profit Margin Abundant Yield Minimum Space “A person who sees a problem is a Human Being; a person who finds a solution is a visionary; and the person who goes out and does something about it is an entrepreneur.” - Naveen Jain *We are human beings, visionaries & entrepreneurs. Top Causes of U.S. Deaths (CDC) Heart disease: 596,577 Cancer: 576,691 Chronic lower respiratory diseases: 142,943 Stroke (cerebrovascular diseases): 128,932 Accidents (unintentional injuries) Source: CDC/National Center for Health Statistics *(4 out 5 can be linked back to health ) Access to Affordable Healthy Food Food Deserts Genetically modified Foods Processed Food Misinformed Consumers Aging Population of Farmers “Nobody wants to [farm],”... “And it’s not just here — it’s around the entire world. Farming has become a lost art.”- Gleen Beck Only about 5% of farmers are under 25. (Census of Agriculture 2007) Environmental Issues Soil Quality in Urban Areas *Chalmette murphy oil spill Air Pollution Climate Change Cure or Dependence? Synthetic Medicine Natural Medicine $325.8 billion spent on prescription drugs in 2012 in a time of unaffordable healthcare. (IMS 9.7 billion spent on Organic Produce in 2012. (Organic Institute for Healthcare Informatics) Prevention For the Profit Trade Association survey) For the People Culp-Ressler, Tara. "Prescription Drug Spending Drops As Struggling Americans Are Forced To Cut Back On Health Care." Think Progress. Web. Solutions: Younger Farmers & Innovative Farming Methods. Farms of the future need: ingenuity, creative new technologies, community support, younger influences, and stronger business models. Many successful D.I.Y gardens are sweeping agriculture on a small scale and should be considered on a larger scale. Change the view of urban farms into unique forms of edible art rather than traditional views. “Creativity is thinking up new things. Innovation is doing new things.” -Theodore Levitt The Engineer… + The Entrepreneur… Have inquisitive minds Is People Oriented Understands state of the art technologies Great at Negotiating Planning Strong Analytical Skills Masters of Machines Managing Money & Materials “Innovation is the specific tool of the entrepreneur. ” -Peter F. Drucker An opportunity to combine the green thumb of urban farmers with the designs and ingenuity of engineers; to identify and solve the urban farming and food supply problems for a healthier future. Innovative Farming Methods Aquaponic System Storage Container Farms Zero CarbonFarming Electroculture Aquaponics is a very efficient method of growing food that uses a minimal amount of water and space while utilizing waste. Resulting in an end product of organic fish and vegetables. Brook, Russell. "How Does Aquaponics Work?" Home Aquaponic Systems. Web. How Aquaponics Works." Http://aquaponics.com/. 2010-2014 Nelson and Pade, Inc. Web. https://www.youtube.com/ watch?v=qHWC2J4xYnM Vertical Aquaponics “Hydroponics is the growing of plants in nutrient-filled water without soil.” 6 Hydroponic Systems Ebb & Flow Water Culture Wick (Simplest) Drip Nutrient Film Technique (NFT) Aeroponic Ebb & Flow- Timer pumps and floods the system when turned on; Reservoir automatically drains the nutrient solution when pump is off. -Method used in zero carbon greenhouses Nutrient Film Technique- Operates on a continues flowing stream (film) of nutrient solution to the roots of the plants. The roots that reach down into the nutrient solution, are able to wick up moisture to the upper roots, and the upper roots can also still get the air/oxygen that the plants need as well. https://www.youtube.com/ watch?v=2iqOqBCrL5g "The Six Types of Hydroponic Systems, Part 1." Hydroponics Online. 9 July 2010. Web. 14 Sept. 2014. Storage Container Farms *Great for Hydroponics & Aquaponic systems ANYWHERE! Who’s Doing It? Urban Container Farms (Flordia) “Alesca Life Technologies”, (Bejing) Podponics (Georgia) Freight Farms (Boston) Growtrainer ( Dallas) *Also in the U.K. Storage Container Farms Chin, A. (2013, February 17). Shipping container greenhouse urban farm unit by damien chivialle. Retrieved September 7, 2014, from MODULAR HIGH DENSITY FARMING USING SHIPPING CONTAINERS ON THE RISE."Agritecture. AGRITECTURE 2011–2014. Web. / Zero Carbon Farming Zero carbon farming is farming in a way that reduces greenhouse gas emissions. It is managing land, water, plants and animals to meet the triple challenge of landscape: Restoration, climate change and food security. Methods: • Maximum groundcover (no bare earth) • No-till cropping • Compost • Hydroponics & LED Lighting Goal=“Zero Carbon Output” "What Is Carbon Farming." Carbon Farmers of Australia. Web. Australia & U.K. Combined use of hydroponics and LED lighting. The ebb & flow system is used to contain water and provide nutrients to the produce, while the LED lighting system is used to provide sufficient lighting & heat. Electroculture “ “Electroculture is a method of applying atmospheric electricity to the fertilization of plant life” -Justin Christofleau Methods • Antennas • Magnets • Pyramids • Sound • Electric Wires (Copper) • Natural Batteries Benefits • Accelerate growth rates • Increase yields • Improve Crop Quality • Protect plants from diseases, insects and frost White, Dr. G. S. Cosmo-ElectroCulture, Los Angeles, 1929 Christofleau, Justin. Electroculture. The Society of Scientist & Inventors of France. 1927 https://www.youtube.com/watch ?v=WSt89OF4PJM How can engineers and entrepreneurs make urban farming more practical & profitable for the future? Thanks Questions & Discussion?