Investigating the impact of
climate change and measures
that can be taken to adapt to it
and mitigate its effects
Catherine Namwezi
Rural transformer in Kibaale District, W. Uganda
UN PREDICTIONS THAT CAME TRUE
Temperatures will increase, rain fall will vary
The dessert is
increasing
south word
UN prediction -Droughts increased-
Soil desertification will increase
“There’s only
20cm of soil left
between us and
extinction”
The UN general
secretary.
Map of Africa showing the places I visited in
the North and the south of Sudan
El-OBEID
Temperatures increased by
0.7 degrees
Rainfall amounts stayed the same
Pastoral areas affected by drought
in El-Obeid
Effects of high temperatures and
little rainfall
Increased evaporation
leading to:
Effects
Soil desertification
Loss in
pastoral
grounds
Poor crop yields
Conclusion
oTemperatures have increased
oAnnual Rainfall has decreased
oMore frequent droughts
oSoil degradation has occurred
oThe desert is moving southwards
oLess agricultural productivity
oPoor nutrition and increased diseases
Malakal
Temperatures :
increased by less than 1.1⁰C in Malakal
have
Rainfall:
decreased
by about to 100 ml per year
General findings
oIncreased temperatures
oDecreased rainfall
oImproved soil quality
oProductive farming methods
oBetter standards of living
Vision made by the government of Malakal in
2013 as a way of mitigating climate change
effects
HOW THE VISION WAS MET
Emphasizing FMNR Projects with the farmers
Trees for carbon
credits
Energy efficient
stoves
Better methods of farming
Practicing The Loes Plateau strategies
Cover crops
grasses
Farming methods
Crop rotation
Trenches
mulching
Rain water harvesting
Dams with out lets which are
open during dry seasons
Youth were forced to work
on farms
Helped to make Youth groups
Taught better ways of farming
Irrigation
farming
Education
All kids had to go
to school
Agriculture was
made compulsory
Two generation approach
The two generation approach method. All schools have the
last week of school dedicated to teaching kids about climate
change and the ways to mitigate and adopt to the effects of
climate change. At the end of the week, all parents of school
going kids are then expected to come in school and their kids
then facilitate to them what they learned in the last week of
school. After that, both the parents and the kids are then
expected to go back home and put into practice what they
have been taught at school. Areas of focus included, better
methods of farming, organic farming, pest control etc
Media
Radio
stations
Awareness
poster
Remarks from an Interview with Mr.
Peter Schuurs
“Even when Sudan is planning on having Sun drop projects,
Something like Sun drop farms is enormously capital intensive,
requiring millions of dollars to set-up even just a couple of
hectares. The big advantage that South Sudan has going for it
compared to almost any other country in the world is that it has
large tracts of basically unoccupied land that has relatively fertile
soils and receives reliable & abundant rainfall each year – these
are its competitive advantages, and this flows through to the type
of farming system we use which actually has the capacity to
sequester carbon back into the soil through its ability to improve
soil organic matter levels over time”
Some of the other results
Population increase in general . But there was a
decrease in the Sudan and increase in the south
Farms have been set up
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El-OBEID - Arved Fuchs Expeditionen