Chapter 1:
Digging Up the Past
Studying the Past
• To learn about prehistoric people archaeologists
study artifacts
• Archaeologists help us learn about humans from
the past before the development of written
Lesson 2: Early Farmers
Chapter 1
Early Farming
• The Ice Age ended leaving land suitable for farming
•Grains were the first plants to be domesticated
• Dogs, goats, cattle, and sheep were the first animals to be
• Early people could now stay in one place instead of being
nomads people could live in villages
Village Life
• Farmers and herders had a surplus of food
surplus = extra
• Social divisions occurred = the work was split up
- toolmakers, farmers, herders, etc.
Check Point: Answer in NB
1. Why were early humans able to become farmers
The Ice Age ended, leaving land suitable for
2. Put the following events in sequential order:
A. People begin to live in villages
B. The Ice Age ended 10,000 years ago
C. Early humans began to farm and
domesticate wild animals
Lesson 3: Developing Culture
Chapter 1
Defining Culture
• Culture is a learned way of life that includes
technology, customs, beliefs, and art
• Anthropology is the study of how people have
developed and live in cultural groups
• Culture developed around their available resources
and geography
Be Anthropologist
• Artifact: Early wooden harpoon with bone and
vine rope
• Location: along the Susquehanna River
• This is evidence of a culture that ….
Sequence of Events:
Ice Age ends 11,000 years ago
Early people domesticate plants and animals
Early people begin to live in villages
Early people develop complex cultures based
on resources and geography
1. Read pages 27 – 29
2. Complete Lesson 3: Developing Cultures work
3. Complete Use Parallel Time Lines work sheet
* Timed activity = 20 minutes*

Chapter 1: Digging Up the Past