Module 1: Health, Social Care and
Children’s Services
The Three Care Sectors
Have a look at these logos. Which organisations do they represent?
What are the key differences between them?
Module 1: Health, Social Care and Children’s Services
Public, Private or Voluntary?
Which care sector do these images show? Click on each image for the answer.
The public (statutory)
sector
The private sector
The voluntary sector
Services provided by the
Government and paid mainly
from taxes and national
insurance contributions.
Services owned by individuals
or larger companies, usually
run for profit and funded by
charges made for services.
Not-for-profit services,
usually provided by charities
and relying on donations,
lottery funding, government
grants and other payments.
Click on the coloured boxes for more information.
Module 1: Health, Social Care and Children’s Services
The Fourth Care Sector
This image shows one more sector of care. Do you know what it is? Click on the image to
find out.
Informal care
Care provided by anyone who is
not paid for their services such
as a relative, a friend or church
and voluntary groups. Services
may include washing, dressing,
shopping or cooking.
Click on the coloured box for more information.
Module 1: Health, Social Care and Children’s Services
Different Sectors Working Together
Look at these images. How might different sectors work together in these situations?
Social Services may contract
residential care or nursing home
care from private organisations.
Informal carers work with the NHS
to provide support for individuals
in hospital, for example by bringing
clean clothes and food.
When different sectors work together it is called a mixed economy of care.
Module 1: Health, Social Care and Children’s Services
Different Sectors in Action
Click on the video icon to see a clip about Tom with
down’s syndrome. His mother talks about the
various services he has accessed.
While you watch, think about these different services
and how they have affected Tom.
Module 1: Health, Social Care and Children’s Services
The Statutory Sector: Health Care
Health care in this sector is provided in hospitals and the community by the National
Health Service (NHS). Most NHS services are free at the point of delivery.
Can you think of some services which you may have to pay for?
Dental services
?
Eye tests
Services to pay for
Wigs and fabric supports
(surgical bra, abdominal or
spinal support)
?
Some ambulance journeys
People with low incomes, certain health conditions or from some age groups are
exempt from these charges. Click here for details.
Link to BMA website
Module 1: Health, Social Care and Children’s Services
The Statutory Sector: Health Care
Structure
Primary Care Services: This is the first
stage of treatment when you are ill. It is
provided by services in the community
e.g. health centres, opticians.
Secretary of State
for Health
Department of
Health and NHS
Executive
Secondary care: This is the second stage
of treatment when you are ill and is
usually provided by a hospital.
Strategic Health
Authorities
NHS Trusts
(Secondary Care)
Primary Care Trust
Primary Health Care
Community
Health
Services
GPs
Dentists
Pharmacists
Tertiary care: This is the third and highly
specialised stage of treatment, usually
provided in a specialist hospital centre
or hospice.
Tertiary Care
Secondary Health Care
Opticians
Hospitals
Mental Health
Services
Learning
Disability
Services
Tertiary Health Care
Ambulances
Hospices
Rehabilitation
Services
Module 1: Health, Social Care and Children’s Services
The Statutory Sector: Health Care Services
What different services are available for the following user groups? Record your ideas
below or click here for a blank table to complete.
Adults and older individuals
Babies and young children
Individuals with mental health
problems
Click below to reveal some of the services you could include.
Hospital care
GPs, nurses, dentists
Health Promotion
Occupational therapy
Podiatry
Rehabilitation
Family Planning
Maternity services
GPs, nurses, health visitors
Hospital services
Speech therapy
Child psychology
Eye services
Child Protection Service
Therapists
GPs , psychiatric nurses
Day hospital
Group therapy
Drop-in day centre
Counseling
Psychotherapists
Module 1: Health, Social Care and Children’s Services
The Statutory Sector: Social Services
Social Services are provided by Local Authorities and paid for by central government
from income tax. They are accessible 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.
What different Social Services could be provided for the following individuals? Record
your ideas below or click here for a blank table to complete.
Older individuals
Individuals with disabilities
Children and families
Click below to reveal some of the services you could include.
Domiciliary care
Transport
Day care
Supported/sheltered housing
Domiciliary care
Respite care
Day care
Transport
Support for children with
disabilities
Family support
Fostering and adoption services
Module 1: Health, Social Care and Children’s Services
The Statutory Sector: Children’s Services
Local Authorities provide Children’s Services
mainly through their Education Departments
(LEAs).
Can you think of some of the services they
provide?
• Free school places are provided for all
children of ‘compulsory school age’ (age 5).
Record your ideas here:
• Free early education places are provided for
3 and 4 year olds.
• Register and monitor other children’s service
providers, such as private nurseries and
childminders.
Module 1: Health, Social Care and Children’s Services
The Independent Sector: Private
Private sector services operate independently from the statutory sector but must still
comply with legislation and government guidelines. They are mainly run as
businesses and funded by charges made for services.
Can you think of some private sector services available in these three categories?
Record your ideas below.
Health Care
Social Care
Children’s Services
Click below to reveal some of the services you could include.
Hospitals
Specialist treatment centres
e.g. opticians
Residential homes
Nursing homes
Domiciliary care
Day care
Nurseries
Private schools
Module 1: Health, Social Care and Children’s Services
The Independent Sector: Voluntary
Voluntary Sector organisations are charities funded mainly by donations and
grants. They usually focus on particular diseases, disorders and disabilities.
Look at these different care charities. Which service sector do they focus on?
Health
Social Care
Children’s Services
Can you think of some other voluntary sector organisations that offer health and
social care provision? Click here for a blank table you can complete.
Module 1: Health, Social Care and Children’s Services
Public, Private and Voluntary
Match the statements below to the correct sectors. Click each one to highlight the colour
that matches the sector on the right.
Funded by charges
made for services
Made up of
Registered charities
Often focus on a
particular disease,
disorder or disability
Most services are free
Funded by the
Government
through taxes
Waiting lists for services
are usually shorter
Run as businesses
There are some services
you have to pay for
Funded by donations
and grants
Public sector
(1 click)
Private sector
(2 clicks)
Voluntary sector
(3 clicks)
Provides a free school
Place for children over 5
Facilities may be better
The NHS is the main
service provider
Module 1: Health, Social Care and Children’s Services
Service provision in your Local Area
You have been thinking about the range of health, social care and children’s
services available. Now, carry out your own research to identify and describe
the provision in your local area.
Click here to open blank tables you can use to
record your research and produce a directory
of services.
Module 1: Health, Social Care and Children’s Services
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