The Liminal Space What it is the “liminal space"? Etymology: from the Latin “limen” meaning a threshold. Limbo and Liminoid Near Enemies: - Limbo: from the Latin “limbus” meaning on the edge. - Liminoid: Victor Turner, 1974.-common in Western Societies. Anthropological Roots 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Structure Time Rituals States of Consciousness Beings Place Ethnographic Research and Therapy. But this is not our World. Individualism Capitalism, Positivist science. Social and political repercussions Implications for coaching and consulting and therapy. An Individualistic Approach To Gestalt Psychotherapy Theory. Gestalt prayer. Figure bound. The Contact Cycle. Gestalt Cycle Support as that which enables Action Contact Mobilisation Decision point Choice! Awareness Final Contact Satisfaction Withdrawal Sensation Void An Individualistic Approach To Gestalt Psychotherapy Theory. Agentic culture. Cathartic Self-support, Support as "that which enables". Will. A Paradigm Shift. Emphasis on Relational Approaches—the “between”. Introduction of Liminal Space-the “between” of the field. A Liminal Model I Focus on context. Buber: The “between”. Heidegger: Dasein Merleau-Ponty: Embodied Relationality. A Liminal Model II Gadamer:- Hermeneutics. Whitehead-Process Relational Philosophy Neuroscience. Stern: Vitality Signs. Grace Action Practices: Graceful Living Awareness of embodied relational being-resonance Mindful acknowledgement of current context Appraisal of options Simultaneous focus on phenomenological indicators of mobilisation/excitement Action Practices: Graceful Living Containment of action Experimentation with first steps-resourcing Reflections on impact Commitment to the unfolding process Review, rehearse, and reflect. Liminal Gestalt Cycle Liminoid Support as that which Accompanies Awareness Sensation Emergent Action Inaction Mobilisation Field/Relational The Liminal Space Limbo Awareness In Contact Full Contact Satisfaction Withdrawal Sensation Context Implications for Gestalt Theory & Praxis Will and Grace Structures of ground. Increase in influence of paradoxical theory of change. Perspectival, existential. Implications Openness to being affected. Support as that which accompanies. Co-emergent Responsiveness. Implications Change as a constantly emergent connection with a dynamic interconnected universe. Therapy as accompaniment. SUMMARY: • • • • • Focus on Containment Accompaniment Mindfulness Holistic Neuroscience Impact Vs Intention.