Non-Linguistic
Representation
What is non-linguistic representation?
It is an imagery mode of representation
The imagery mode is expressed as mental
pictures and physical sensations such as:
•smell
•taste
•touch
•kinesthetic association
•sound
The “dual-coding” theory
of information storage
agrees that knowledge is
stored in two forms:
—linguistic (words) and
imagery (mental pictures).
• The more we use both systems of representation
the better we are able to think about and recall
knowledge
• This is particularly important in the classroom
because linguistically is the primary method of
presenting knowledge in the classroom
• We either talk to students about content or they
read about new content
• This means students are left to generate their own
nonlinguistic representations
Classroom Practice
in
Non-linguistic
Representations
Graphic Organizers are the most common way
to help students generate nonlinguistic
representations
Graphic Organizers combine the linguistic
mode in that they use words and phrases and
the nonlinguistic mode in that they use symbols
and arrows to represent relationships
Create graphic organizers
•Descriptive Patterns
•Time-Sequence Patterns
•Process/Cause-Effect Patterns
•Episode Patterns
•Generalization/Principle Patterns
•Concept Patterns
Templates open with Word
http://edweb.tusd.k12.az.us/Templates/nonlinguisticrepresentations.htm
Descriptive Pattern
•
•
Descriptive Patterns
can be used to
represent facts
about specific
people, places,
things and events
This information
does not have to be
in any specific order
Mai n Ide a
Descriptive Pattern
Example
T usks
Big
Ele ph an ts
Big Ears
Gray
Time Sequence Pattern
•
Time sequence patterns organize events in a
specific chronological order
•
For example, the events leading up to the
Vietnam War can be shown in a time sequence
pattern organizer
Event 1
Event 2
Event 3
Event 4
Process/Cause-Effect Pattern
•
Process/Cause-Effect Patterns
organize information into a
casual network leading to a
specific outcome
•
An example would be
study habits that make a
good student
Episode Pattern
Episode Pattern Organizers arrange data about
specific events including:
1. Setting (time and place)
2. Specific People
3. A specific duration
4. A specific sequence of events
5. A particular cause and effect
An Example would be information leading up to the Civil War
Episode Pattern
Du rati on
Place
Tim e
An Example
would be
information
leading up to
the Civil War
C au s e
Person
Episode
Person
Effect
Person
Generalization/Principle
Patterns
•
•
Generalization/Principle
Patterns organize
information into general
statements with
supporting details.
An Example would be
statements supporting a
hypothesis that
economic conditions
were the cause of the
Civil War.
Generalization/Principle
Example
Example
Example
Concept Pattern
•
Concept Patterns organize information
around a word or phrase that represents
entire classes or categories of people, places
things or events
•
The characteristics or attributes of the
concept along with examples of each should
be included in this example.
•
An example would be a teacher asking a
student to show the concept of fables along
with examples and characteristics of them.
Concept Pattern
Exam ple
C h aracteri stic
A Concept Pattern could
look like this
Exam ple
Exam ple
Concept
C h aracteri stic
Exam ple
Exam ple
Exam ple
Exam ple
Exam ple
C h aracteri stic
Exam ple
Using other
Nonlinguistic Representations
•Making physical models
•Generating mental pictures
•Drawing pictures and pictographs
•Engaging in kinesthetic activity
Inspiration—website with standards match
Webspiration—online version of Inspiration
Inner and Outer Planets--Word
Extension activity with BigHugeLabs
•4-Dimensional template using the word ban •Template: 4-Dimensional Vocabulary
(describes what belongs in each section of the template)
•Webster's Dictionary--use for definition
Gardner’s Theory of Multiple Intelligences
Kerpoof
Different levels of membership:
•Free use, $4.39 month, $25 6 months, or $45 annually
•Can use on the fly without registering
•Can not save projects unless registered
•Can Print projects with Free service
BigHugeLabs
Free web application
Credits
• http://manila.esu6.org/instructionalstrategi
es/stories/storyReader$13
•www.av.k12.mo.us/main/files/GOrganizers.ppt
•Classroom Instruction That Works. Marzano, Pickering, Pollock
Portsmouth Public Schools
Non-Linguistic
Representation
Download

Nonlinguistic Representation Power Point