A New Plan of Government
Chapter 7 Lesson 3
1787
Textbook pp. 194-199
The Constitution’s Sources
The _________ were the men who shaped the
Constitution.
The Constitution’s Sources
The Framers were the men who shaped the
Constitution.
The Constitution’s Sources
The Constitution’s Sources
European Influences
The belief that all people have a right to ____,
_______, ____________ was promoted by
philosopher __________.
European Influences
The belief that all people have a right to life,
liberty, and property was promoted by
philosopher John Locke.
European Influences
• ___________ argued for
____________________
powers among the
legislative, executive, and
judicial ___________
__________. He believed
that this would help
guarantee __________
______.
European Influences
• Montesquieu argued for
separate and balanced
powers among the
legislative, executive, and
judicial branches of
government. He believed
that this would help
guarantee individual liberty.
Federalism
A system of government where power is
________________________________
governments is called federalism.
Federalism
A system of government where power is
shared between the national and state
governments is called federalism.
Government Branches
The branch of government that makes laws is
called the ___________ branch and is called
Congress by the Constitution.
Congress is made up of the
_____ of Representatives and the ______.
Congress can tax, draft people into the army,
declare war, coin money, and regulate trade.
Government Branches
The branch of government that makes laws is
called the legislative branch and is called
Congress by the Constitution.
Congress is made up of the
House of Representatives and the Senate.
Congress can tax, draft people into the army,
declare war, coin money, and regulate trade.
Government Branches
The branch of the government that is headed
by the _________ is called the _________
branch.
The executive branch “executes” or carries out
the laws that Congress passes.
Government Branches
The branch of the government that is headed
by the president is called the executive
branch.
The executive branch “executes” or carries out
the laws that Congress passes.
Government Branches
The branch of government that deals with the
__________ is called the ________ branch.
“The Supreme Court and other federal courts
hear cases involving the Constitution, federal
laws, and disputes between states.”
- Discovering our Past, p. 197
Government Branches
The branch of government that deals with the
court system is called the judicial branch.
“The Supreme Court and other federal courts
hear cases involving the Constitution, federal
laws, and disputes between states.”
- Discovering our Past, p. 197
Government Branches
The _________________ is the group of
people that indirectly elects the president.
Government Branches
The Electoral College is the group of people
that indirectly elects the president.
Electoral College School House Rock song
Checks and Balances
“Checks and balances” is a system that keeps
any one branch of government from gaining
too much power.
Each branch can “_____” or ______________
of the other two branches.
Checks and Balances
“Checks and balances” is a system that keeps
any one branch of government from gaining
too much power.
Each branch can “check” or limit the power of
the other two branches.
Checks and Balances
Examples:
Congress can ____ a law. The president
can ____ it. Congress can ______ the veto.
The Supreme Court can interpret the
Constitution and _________ legislation.
Congress can check decisions made by the
Court by ________ the Constitution or
revising legislation.
Checks and Balances
Examples:
Congress can pass a law. The president can
veto it. Congress can override the veto.
The Supreme Court can interpret the
Constitution and strike down legislation.
Congress can check decisions made by the
Court by amending the Constitution or
revising legislation.
Look at the relationships between the
branches of government in this chart…
Federalists and Anti-Federalists
• The ___________ were __ the Constitution.
Federalists and Anti-Federalists
• The Federalists were for the Constitution.
Federalists and Anti-Federalists
• _____________, were
_______ the Constitution
and feared the national
government would ____
_________ from people.
• The Anti-Federalists also
favored local government
__________ more closely
______________.
Federalists and Anti-Federalists
• Anti-Federalists, were
against the Constitution
and feared the national
government would take
rights away from people.
• The Anti-Federalists also
favored local government
controlled more closely by
the people.
Ratifying the Constitution
Rhode Island became the last state to ratify or
_______ the Constitution in May 1790.
Ratifying the Constitution
Rhode Island became the last state to ratify or
approve the Constitution in May 1790.