3 Colonial Regions
New England Colonies
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Massachusetts
Rhode Island
Connecticut
New Hampshire
Middle Colonies
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New York
New Jersey
Delaware
Pennsylvania
Southern Colonies
• Maryland (socially a middle
colony)
• Virginia
• North Carolina
• South Carolina
• Georgia (prison colony)
Economic
Characteristics
Reflected the geography of the
region
New England
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Shipbuilding & Fishing
Subsistence Farming
Lumbering
Eventually Manufacturing
Middle Colonies
• Trading
• Small Farming
• Trade centers: New York,
Baltimore, Philadelphia
• Fishing, lumbering
Southern Colonies
• Plantation Farming – Cash crops
• Tobacco, Rice and Indigo
• Mountains – hunting and trading
Social Characteristics
Reflected their connection to
England
New England Colonies
• Society was based on religious
standing
• No Religious Freedom (Puritan
dominance)
• Intolerant of dissenters
Middle Colonies
• Religious Freedom
• Quakers in PA, Catholics in MD
• Middle class of small farmers,
entrepreneurs, artisans
Southern Colonies
• Based on family status and land
ownership
• Allegiance to Church of England
• Mountains: Scottish and Irish
hunters
Types of charters
• Joint stock – corporate colonies were organized
by a joint stock company for the benefit of the
shareholders.
• Royal – a governor serves as its’ chief official
with a colonial assembly approving laws before
they go into effect.
• Proprietary – granted to a proprietor (owner) by
the king. Could be a person or group of persons.
• Self Governing – independent of king or
corporation.
13 Colonies Group Work
I will help divide the class into groups.
Each group will share one of the old textbooks pages 76-77
Each group will answer the following questions about their groups.
1. What year was this colony founded?
2. Who founded the colony?
3. Why was the colony founded?
4. What type of economy?
5. What type of government?
6. Who settled there? (see page 77)
The groups we will concentrate on are: Massachusetts Plymouth/ Massachusetts Bay,
New Hampshire/Exeter, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New York, Delaware, New
Jersey, Pennsylvania, Virginia, Maryland, North/South Carolina, Georgia.
Each small group will answer all questions.
I will review proper answers with the class.
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3 Colonial Regions