3 Colonial Regions New England Colonies • • • • Massachusetts Rhode Island Connecticut New Hampshire Middle Colonies • • • • New York New Jersey Delaware Pennsylvania Southern Colonies • Maryland (socially a middle colony) • Virginia • North Carolina • South Carolina • Georgia (prison colony) Economic Characteristics Reflected the geography of the region New England • • • • Shipbuilding & Fishing Subsistence Farming Lumbering Eventually Manufacturing Middle Colonies • Trading • Small Farming • Trade centers: New York, Baltimore, Philadelphia • Fishing, lumbering Southern Colonies • Plantation Farming – Cash crops • Tobacco, Rice and Indigo • Mountains – hunting and trading Social Characteristics Reflected their connection to England New England Colonies • Society was based on religious standing • No Religious Freedom (Puritan dominance) • Intolerant of dissenters Middle Colonies • Religious Freedom • Quakers in PA, Catholics in MD • Middle class of small farmers, entrepreneurs, artisans Southern Colonies • Based on family status and land ownership • Allegiance to Church of England • Mountains: Scottish and Irish hunters Types of charters • Joint stock – corporate colonies were organized by a joint stock company for the benefit of the shareholders. • Royal – a governor serves as its’ chief official with a colonial assembly approving laws before they go into effect. • Proprietary – granted to a proprietor (owner) by the king. Could be a person or group of persons. • Self Governing – independent of king or corporation. 13 Colonies Group Work I will help divide the class into groups. Each group will share one of the old textbooks pages 76-77 Each group will answer the following questions about their groups. 1. What year was this colony founded? 2. Who founded the colony? 3. Why was the colony founded? 4. What type of economy? 5. What type of government? 6. Who settled there? (see page 77) The groups we will concentrate on are: Massachusetts Plymouth/ Massachusetts Bay, New Hampshire/Exeter, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New York, Delaware, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Virginia, Maryland, North/South Carolina, Georgia. Each small group will answer all questions. I will review proper answers with the class.