中国教育发展与改革中若干教育经济理
论与方法问题
Several Theoretical and Methodology
Problems on Economics of Education
during the Process of China’s
Educational Reform and Development
CIEE,Beijing Normal University
北京师范大学首都教育经济研究院
Shanmai Wang
王善迈
30 June, 2011
2011年6月30日
1
主
要
内
容
Contents
教育与经济社会发展关系
The relationship between education and
socio-economic development
2 市场经济体制下教育中的政府与市场关系
The relationship between government and
market in education under market economy
3 层级政府间教育职责和财政责任的关系
The relationship between education and
financial roles among levels of government
1
2
4 教育与劳动力市场关系
The relationship between education and labor
market
5 教育财政和教育财政制度的评价
The evaluation of educational finance and
educational fiscal system
6 教育财政制度的改革和安排
The reform and arrangement of educational
fiscal system
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1 教育与经济社会发展关系
The relationship between
education and socio-economic
development

不同的社会历史发展背景下如何认识教育与经
济社会发展的关系
how to understand the relationship
between education and socio-economic
development under different socialeconomic development periods
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
如何认识教育对经济社会发展的作用
How to understand the roles of education
to economic and social development

如何规划教育发展的目标
How to plan the goals of educational
development
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2 市场经济体制下教育中的政府与市场关系
The relationship between government and
market in education under market economy
 政府与市场—一个永恒的主题
government and market — a perpetual topic
 教育中的政府与市场:教育资源谁提供、谁分配、
如何分配
The relationship between government and
market in education: who should provide
the educational resources, who should
allocate it and how to allocate.

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 教育中政府与市场作用的边界
The boundary of roles of government and
market in education



义务教育 compulsory education
非义务教育 non- compulsory education
教育培训 educational training
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3 层级政府间教育职责和财政责任的关系
The relationship between educational
responsibility and financial roles
among levels of government

教育职责和财政支出责任的划分根据
The division basis of educational
responsibilities and fiscal
expenditure roles
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 各级各类教育职责和支出责任的具体设定
How to specifically regulate the
education and expenditure
responsibilities for all levels and
types of education
 教育事权与财权的对等和转移支付
Matching educational management power
and financial authority through transfer
payment system
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4 高等教育与劳动力市场关系
The relationship between higher
education and labour market
大学生就业难与过度教育
The employment difficulties of college
graduates and over-education problem
 中国大学生就业的制度环境
The institutional environment of Chinese
graduates' employment
 大学生供求均衡问题
The balancing problem of college graduates’
demand and supply

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5 教育财政制度的评价
The evaluation of educational
finance and educational fiscal
system

本森关于教育财政的评价标准:充足、效率、
公平
The evaluation criteria of educational
finance by Benson: adequacy,
efficiency and equality

教育财政评价标准的探讨
Discussions on evaluation criteria of
educational finance
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教育财政评价标准的探讨
Discussions on evaluation criteria of
educational finance




是否存在其他标准
whether there are other standards or not.
如何定义和测量充足、效率、公平
how to define and measure adequacy, efficiency and
equality
充足、效率、公平的关系
The relationship between adequacy, efficiency and
equality
教育财政制度中如何体现充足、效率、公平
how to embody adequacy, efficiency and equity in
educational fiscal system
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6 公共教育财政制度的改革和安排
The reform and arrangement of
educational fiscal system
6.1 公共教育财政制度的界定
The definition of public educational
fiscal system



基本职能 basic function
特征 characteristics
作用边界 boundary of roles
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6.2 各项公共教育财政制度的改革
Reform on public educational fiscal
system
-教育预算编制、执行和监管
Education budget' constitution,
implementation and monitoring
-非义务教育的成本分担
Cost sharing for non-compulsory
education
-政府对学校的拨款制度
Schooling financing system by
government
-教育财政转移支付制度
Transfer payment system of educational
finance
-非义务教育的学费制度
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谢谢!
Thanks
欢迎批评指正
Welcome comments and suggestions
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义务教育阶段的教育财政问题为什么义务教育需要转移支付?