Intermediate 2
& Higher Physical Education
Skills and Techniques
Lesson objectives…
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Cooperative learning task based on homework
Homework feedback
Importance / benefits of using a model performer
Breaking a skill down to gather data and identify weaknesses
Introduce principles of effective practice
Reminder of research project homework due Friday 2nd December
Remember I will be putting work online for Wednesday 30th November
Cooperative Learning Task
Instructions
Get into a group of five
Number yourself 1-5
Read the answer provided – pay particular attention to the paragraph
which corresponds to your number.
Each person should take it in turn to explain to their group what their
paragraph concerns.
Each person should decide whether their understanding is
Each person should now join up with those individuals in another
group who are of the same number as them.
Re-read your specific paragraph
Discuss as a group your understanding of the paragraph
Return to your original group and feedback on your specific paragraph
Homework feedback
Homework codes used in PE
Excellent of the standard expected
Satisfactory, some key content / information missing
Unsatisfactory, not of the level required - REDO
Homework
Task 1: Due – Friday 25th November
Question
Describe in detail how you identified and gathered data on a skill or technique that was a
weakness in your performance.
Homework feedback
Generally
. Not a good start, improvement required.
Some improvements required
Identify the key words identified and gathered data on
Use paragraphs - when describing how you identified and gathered data
take a new paragraph for each observation schedule.
Common mistakes
Not describing how you identified overhead clear as a weakness –
describing general data gathering.
Not describing how you gathered data on the overhead clear – describing
specific data gathering.
Stage Two
(Specific Data Collection)
 Assessed the accuracy of overhead clear in
closed environment using hoop test.
 Observed video of model performer to develop
knowledge and understanding of theAnalysis
subroutines
 Assessed placement of overhead clear
Of
involved
in(open
overhead clear.
during competitive
game
Overall
environment) using scatter diagram.
Performance
 Broke overhead clear down into preparation,
 Observed video of model performer to
action, recovery. Created movement analysis
develop knowledge and understanding of
observation
schedule
the subroutines
involved in overhead
clear.
of
 Compared my overhead clear to that of a modelAnalysis
Identified
preparation, action, recovery. Created
performer using movement analysis observationWeakness
movement analysis observation schedule
schedule.
 Broke overhead clear down into
 Compared my overhead clear to that of a
model performer using movement analysis
observation schedule.
Observed video of model performer
to develop knowledge and
understanding of the subroutines
involved in overhead clear.
Why ?
We discussed three reasons on Fri – what were
they….
Model performers to develop knowledge and understanding of a skill
As you attempt to learn a new activity or improve your performance, model performers
can help you improve your knowledge and understanding of what it means to perform a
skill or technique effectively. The idea is that, by seeing someone else perform to a high
standard, you will get a clear picture of what it is you are striving to do.
In badminton, some skills and techniques are difficult to carry out effectively, for example,
a backhand clear. Watching a top level performer playing the shot, possibly from a slowmotion video, can assist you in learning how to perform the skill effectively.
It may be that a fellow pupil is able to play to a high standard providing you with ideas
about how you can improve your performance. Able performers may need to watch a top
level performer to get an idea of how to be a more effective player.
Model performers to motivate you to improve
Observing top level performers can make performance look exciting and motivate you to
improve your own performance. When observing performers of a higher standard you
can see a wide range of skills in action, motivating you to work towards performing at
their level.
(same as previous slide) Model performers to motivate you to improve
Observing top level performers can make performance look exciting and motivate you to
improve your own performance. When observing performers of a higher standard you
can see a wide range of skills in action, motivating you to work towards performing at
their level.
Identify weakness - movement analysis / observation schedule
It is not always necessary to observe a model performance to improve your knowledge and
understanding of what it means to perform a skill effectively. You can use an observation
schedule which breaks a skill down, into its three phases of action (1. Preparation. 2.
Action. 3. Recovery), and explains in words the subroutines that make up the skill.
By breaking the skill down you can also use the observation schedule to make comparisons
between your performance and that of the model performer. Helping you identify your
strengths and weaknesses.
Break a forward
rollroll
down
as many subroutines
as possible...
Describe
a forward
usinginto
Preparation,
Action, Recovery....
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
PREPARATION
Stand feet together
– and hands above head.
•Bend
Stand
knees.
feet together and hands above head.
•Place
Bendhands
knees.
flat on the ground.
•Tuck
Place
head
hands
in. flat on the ground.
•Push
Tuck
offhead
fromin.feet.
Take weight on hands
ACTION
Curve back
–
•Roll
Push
onoff
your
from
back
feet.
keeping feet together.
•Reach
Take forward
weight on
to hands
stand upright.
•Raise
Curve
hands
backabove head to finish.
•Finish
Keepstanding
legs together
still
Describe
a forward
roll using Preparation, Action, Recovery....
RECOVERY
–
• Reach forward to stand upright.
• Raise hands above head to finish.
• Finish standing still
Principles of Effective Practice
These will be key to our practical sessions
Principles of
Effective
Practice
Principles of
Training
Does not equal
They are not the same
What Makes Practice Effective?
 Write one buzz word/phrase that you believe will be key to ensuring
our practice sessions are effective.
Specific to strengths and
weaknesses
Set clear objectives
Principles of Effective Practice – fill in the blanks
 For our practice to be effective it needs to bespecific
_________ to our strengths
and weaknesses. This means that our practice sessions will have to become
progressively
________________ more difficult
__________ as your level of performance
improves.
 Also to avoidboredom
__________ and fatigue our practice sessions will need to be
stimulating/interesting. For it to be stimulating it needs to be
challenging
______________ yet achievable, varied and last an appropriate amount of
_____.
time
to ensure you move onto the next
 Furthermore __________________________________________
stage of practice ________________________
____________
at the appropriate time, practices
_____________________
must have clear measureable objectives.
Principles of Effective Practice – Work / Rest Ratio
To avoid fatigue and injury practices should be achievable in a short period of
time.
High quality practice for a short time is better than repetitive low level
practice over a long period of time.
In any form of training it is essential to calculate your ratio of work relative
to rest.
But what does this mean….?
Athlete A works
for 30s
haswhile
60s rest
what is Bhisworks
workand
to rest
ratio?
Q. Performer
A works,
thenand
rests
performer
continues
to rest while Performer C works. What is performer A work to rest
Q. Athlete
ratio? B works for 30s and has 90s rest what is his work to rest ratio?
Principles of Effective Practice – Progression
Difficulty of practice
Performance Level
Principles of Effective Practice – Progression
 To ensure practices are specific to your current level of skill
learning and ability they must progress in difficulty as your
performance improves. You can add to the demands of practices
by, increasing the number of skills you have to perform,
increasing the pressure, increasing the opposition.
 To avoid the boredom it is essential to ensure that you work at a
challenging but achievable level at all times. To easy or to
difficult and you will quickly become bored/disinterested.
 To ensure you progress at the appropriate time, practices must
have clear objectives / success criteria.
Work / Rest Ratio + Progression = Principles of Effective Practice
To ensure we consider work/rest ratio and progression we will need to think
SMART to ensure our practice is effective
Think…. SMART
Specific: To stage our stage of skill learning (ability)
Measureable: Targets which we can measure to check for improvement / ensure
we progress at the correct time.
Achievable: Practice must be challenging but achievable to keep you motivated.
Problematic if to easy/difficult
Realistic: Keep practice related to demands of badminton and the overhead clear
(game like). By doing this makes it easier to transfer improvements into
activity.
Time: Consider work to rest ratio to ensure high level of performance, avoid
fatigue / injury
Homework
Task 2 (mini project): Due –Wednesday 30th November
Choose two skills, one should be a weakness (Overhead Clear) the second should be a
strengths.
This is not an essay answer, you may wish to produce a PowerPoint or a booklet. You may
wish to include pictures, a video clip or a diagram. The key content that should be
included is as follows:
 Description of the purpose of each skill (i.e. When and why it would be used)
 Description of how a model performer would perform the skill
 Explain how your performance differs from a model performer
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Skills and Techniques - Kirkintilloch High School