AIM: How did nationalism
cause revolutions?
Ms. McMillan
Global III
November 14, 2011
NEW UNIT: GLOBAL NATIONALISM
During the French Revolution, people in
France expressed great pride in their nation.
Nationalism later spread to other peoples,
inspiring uprisings across Europe and Latin
America. In the 1860s, nationalism led to the
unification of Italy. By 1871, Germany had
also united. Outside Europe, nationalistic
movements took root in India, Turkey, and
elsewhere. Among Jews, a movement arose
to create a separate Jewish state in
Palestine. As the 1800s drew to a close,
nationalistic forces created tensions in the
Balkans that set the state for world war.
NEW CARDS
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
38.
39.
40.
41.
42.
Giuseppe Mazzini
Count Camillo Cavour
Giuseppe Garibaldi
Otto von Bismarck
Kaiser
Zionism
Indian National Congress
Muslim League
Young Turks
Pan-Slavism
Nationalism and
Revolution
1. Nationalism is a feeling of
strong devotion to one’s
country, often developing
amongst people who share a
language and heritage.
2. Nationalism played an
important role in political
revolutions of the 1800s.
Nationalism and France
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Revolution and war in the 1790s created a strong
sense of national unity in France.
This feeling inspired French armies to succeed as
they sought to spread the ideals of their
revolution.
Napoleon also inspired nationalism among the
nations he conquered.
Nationalism then encouraged conquered people
to rise up against Napoleon.
In the years following the French Revolution,
nationalism led to upheaval in Europe and
elsewhere.
Greece
1.
2.
3.
In 1821,
nationalists in
Greece revolted
against the
Ottoman Empire.
Britain, France and
Russia gave support
to Greece.
By 1830 Greece
was independent.
Poland
1.
Nationalists in Poland
revolted in 1830, but
their revolution was
crushed by Russian
forces.
REVOLUTION 1830, FRENCH ETCHING
19TH
Le Cholera Morbus,a caricature
describing how, thanks to the July
Revolution of 1830,the cholera finally
managed to reach Paris,coming from
Russia via Poland and Germany.
Coloured engraving,around 1830.
Belgium
1.
Nationalists in
Belgium, who
wanted to
separate
themselves
from the
Dutch, won
independence
in 1831.
Revolutions of 1848
1. In 1848, revolutions occurred
in parts of the Austrian empire,
Italy, and Germany.
2. Throughout the continent of
Europe, people sought to
develop unified, independent
nation-states.
Latin America
1. In the late 1700s and early 1800s,
feelings of dissatisfaction led to a
number of independence
movements that ended European
rule throughout Latin America.
2. After gaining independence in the
1800s, groups in Latin America
developed into many separate
nation-states.
Rise of Nationalism
“A country is not merely a geographic territory. A
country is also the idea given birth by the geographic
territory. A country is a sense of love that unites, as
one, all the sons and daughters of that geographic
territory…”
--World History: A Story of Progress
This quotation supports the idea of
1 totalitarian rule
.
2 absolute monarchy
.
3 mercantilism
.
4 nationalism
.
In a number of European countries in the 1800’s,
which situation occurred as a result of the influence of
the French Revolution?
1 increase in religious conflict
.
2 rise of nationalistic movements
.
3 decentralization of governmental power
.
4 economic depression
.
Which quotation best reflects a feeling of nationalism?
1 “An eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth”
.
2 “A person’s greatest social obligation is loyalty to the family”
.
3 “For God, King, and Country”
.
4 “Opposition to evil is as much a duty as is cooperation with good”
.
Nationalism is most likely to develop in an area that has
1 land suited to agriculture
.
2 adequate industry to supply consumer demands
.
3 a moderate climate with rivers for irrigation
.
4 common customs, language, and history
.
Nationalism is best defined as
1 the achievement of world peace and global understanding
.
2 the desire to take over other societies by force
.
3 a method of solving basic economic problems of the society
.
4 the loyalty of a people to their values, traditions, and a geographic region
.
The best example of the success of nationalism in
Europe is the
1 development of socialism in France
.
2 Industrial Revolution in Great Britain
.
3 establishment of the Common Market
.
4 unification of Germany
.
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AIM: How did Nationalism cause revolutions?