Bonds that Create a
Nation-State
{
Nationalism: The belief that
one’s greatest loyalty should
NOT be to a king or an empire
but to a NATION of people who
share a common culture and
history.
 Nation-state: When a nation has
it’s own independent
government.

Nationalism and Nation-State
Belief in a common ethnic
background (real or myth)
Example: Italians draw
upon the HISTORY of the
Romans to unite their
people.

Nationality
A certain territory that
belongs to the ethnic
group: motherland,
fatherland, and homeland.
Example: Germany, Italy,
Russia

Territory
Not united by a ruler; rather a
government ruled by the
people. The ruler must reflect
the HERITAGE of the people.
 Example: Greeks ruled by
Greeks rather than the
Ottoman Empire

Government
Common language; official
language
 Example: Those who speak
German should unite together
to form a nation.

Language
Common stories (folktales),
songs, national costumes,
heroes, religion (shared by all
or most of the people)
 Example: Grimm's Fairy Tales
(Germany), national anthems,
folk music

Cultural
Nationalism
Force for Unity
Force for Disunity
Italy
Russia
Prussia/Germany
Austria-Hungary
Ottoman Empire
Revolution of 1848

Bonds that Create a Nation-State