SS7H3c
Explain the role of the United
States in the rebuilding of
Japan after WWII.
Concepts:
Conflict Creates Change
Conflict Resolution
Reasons for US Rebuilding Japan
• Stop the spread of communism throughout
Asia and promote democracy in the region
by reforming Japan’s monarchy into a
constitutional monarchy (democracy with
an emperor with limited power).
• Improve Japan’s economy in order to
trade with Japan and sell US products to
Japan’s market.
Today Japan has one of the most powerful
industrialized economies in the world. Like the
U.S., Japan encourages a market economy which
motivates people to develop new ideas and
expand businesses.
1941
Japan declares war on the U.S. by
bombing the naval base at Pearl Harbor,
Hawaii. America then declares war on
Japan and enters WWII.
2009
1945
EXPLAIN THE
ROLE OF THE
UNITED STATES
IN THE
REBUILDING
OF JAPAN
AFTER
WORLD WAR II
U. S. financial support, along
with the Japanese values of
hard work lead to a period of
great economic growth for
Japan.
1955
The U.S. drops atomic
bombs on Japanese cities
Hiroshima and Nagasaki,
ending WWII.
1945
Japan is granted
membership into the
United Nations five
years after a seven
year U.S.
occupation.
1952
Political, economic,
and social reforms
were introduced, such
as a freely elected
Japanese Diet
(legislature) and
universal adult
suffrage (voting
rights). Japan
establishes a
constitutional
monarchy.
1947
After WWII, Japan was
placed under international
control of the Allies through
the Supreme Commander,
General Douglas MacArthur.
JAPAN ATTACKS THE U.S.
1941
Japan declares
war on the U.S.
by bombing the
naval base at
Pearl Harbor,
Hawaii. America
then declares
war on Japan
and enters
WWII.
sfstatejournalismhistory.blogspot.com
commons.wikimedia.org
U.S. ENDS WORLD WAR II
1945
The U.S. drops
atomic bombs
on Japanese
cities Hiroshima
and Nagasaki,
ending WWII.
www.smh.com.au
U.S. OCCUPATION OF JAPAN
1945
After WWII,
Japan was
placed under
international
control of the
Allies through
the Supreme
Commander,
General Douglas
MacArthur.
Gen. Douglas MacArthur accepts the Unconditional
Surrender from the Empire of Japan
Reasons for Occupation
• The U.S. wanted Japan to be peaceful.
Previously, Japanese society had been heavily
focused on the military and warring.
• Believed had to get rid of Empire and create a
democratic system of government
• Needed to rebuild infrastructure
• infrastructure- the basic structures or features of
a city or nation; transportation, communication,
sewage, water, and electric systems are all a
part of infrastructure.
US Occupies Japan
“Japanese soldier guarding road to Yokohama standing at attention with his back
to a conquering American soldier who is driving by in a jeep as he displays an
attitude of great respect according to Japanese culture.” Life Magazine
NAVY TROOPS STATIONED IN JAPAN
JAPANESE REFORMS (Changes)
1947
Political, economic,
and social reforms
were introduced,
such as a freely
elected Japanese
Diet (legislature) and
universal adult
suffrage (voting
rights). Japan
establishes a
constitutional
monarchy.
Douglas MacArthur and Emperor Hirohito.
www.wikipedia.org
JAPANESE CHANGES
REFORMS
POLITICAL
ECONOMIC
SOCIAL
New
Constitution
Improve
Infrastructure
English as
2nd language
Constitutional
Monarchy
Japan adopts
US culture
Market Economy
Emperor Stripped
of Power
Invest in Human and
Capital Resources
Women’s
Suffrage
JAPANESE CONSTITUTION
www.japanfocus.org
Transforming Japan into a Democracy
http://www.ndl.go.jp/constitution/e/shiryo/05/142/142_001l.html
JAPANESE LEGISLATURE
DIET
web-japan.org
FREE
ELECTIONS
AND
WOMEN’S
SUFFRAGE
http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=-4152602444592357615
US ENDS OCCUPATION OF JAPAN
1952
US ends their
occupation of
Japan in 1952.
Japan is granted
membership into
the United
Nations in 1957.
U.N. HEADQUARTERS IN NEW YORK
www.btinternet.com
US REBUILDS JAPAN’S ECONOMY
1955
U. S. financial
support, along
with the
Japanese
values of hard
work lead to a
period of great
economic
growth for
Japan.
The Tokyo Labor College was one of the many institutions
created after the war in order to promote more equitable
economic development than had existed before
www.japanfocus.org
THE COMPACT CAR
JAPANESE IMPORTS TO THE U.S. IN THE 1970s
JAPAN
REPRESENTED
A NEW MARKET
FOR AMERICAN
GOODS AND
SERVICES
THIS HELPED
IMPROVE BOTH
COUNTRY’S
ECONOMIES
JAPAN IS A MODEL NATION
2009
Today, Japan has
one of the most
powerful
industrialized
economies in the
world. Like the U.S.,
Japan encourages a
market economy
which motivates
people to develop
new ideas and
expand businesses.
US REBUILDS JAPAN SUMMARY
• Look at your performance
task (the Rebuilding of Japan
‘Dust to Dominance’ timeline
and story and collaborate
with a partner and try to tell
the story in your own words
in chronological order

SS7H3c Explain the role of the United States in