Histology

2017-07-28T18:49:35+03:00[Europe/Moscow] en true Pancreatic islets, Perisinusoidal space, Corpus albicans, Band cell, Carcinoma in situ, Retinal pigment epithelium, Basophilia, Stroma (animal tissue), Cancellous bone, Axon, Dermal papillae, List of distinct cell types in the adult human body, Epsilon cell, Chondroblast, Blood–brain barrier, Cortical bone, Mononuclear phagocyte system, Nerve, Cardiac muscle, Syncytium, Microtome, Basement membrane, Metamyelocyte, Methylene blue, Perichondrium, Corpus luteum, Bandemia, Periportal space, Somatomammotrophic cell, Allocortex, Pleomorphism (cytology), Acidophil cell, Methylene green, Biotechnic & Histochemistry, Glomus cell, Lamina propria, Harold Frost, Netter's Essential Histology, P-Dimethylaminocinnamaldehyde, Basal lamina, Basophil cell, Bone canaliculus, Magnocellular cell, New methylene blue, Herring bodies, Biocytin, Costamere, Stereocilia, Tissue culture, Trichrome, Arthur Ham, Annulus of Zinn flashcards Histology
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  • Pancreatic islets
    The pancreatic islets or islets of Langerhans are the regions of the pancreas that contain its endocrine (i.e., hormone-producing) cells, discovered in 1869 by German pathological anatomist Paul Langerhans.
  • Perisinusoidal space
    The perisinusoidal space (or space of Disse) is a location in the liver between a hepatocyte and a sinusoid.
  • Corpus albicans
    The corpus albicans (Latin for "whitening body"; also known as atretic corpus luteum, corpus candicans, or simply as albicans) is the regressed form of the corpus luteum.
  • Band cell
    A band cell (also called band neutrophil or stab cell) is a cell undergoing granulopoiesis, derived from a metamyelocyte, and leading to a mature granulocyte.
  • Carcinoma in situ
    Carcinoma in situ (CIS), also known as in situ neoplasm, is a group of abnormal cells.
  • Retinal pigment epithelium
    The pigmented layer of retina or retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) is the pigmented cell layer just outside the neurosensory retina that nourishes retinal visual cells, and is firmly attached to the underlying choroid and overlying retinal visual cells.
  • Basophilia
    Basophilia is a condition where the basophil quantity is abnormally elevated (more than 1010 basophils per liter of blood).
  • Stroma (animal tissue)
    In animal tissue, stroma (from Greek στρῶμα, meaning “layer, bed, bed covering”) is the part of a tissue or organ that has a connective and structural role.
  • Cancellous bone
    Cancellous bone, synonymous with trabecular bone or spongy bone, is one of two types of bone tissue that form bones.
  • Axon
    An axon (from Greek ἄξων áxōn, axis), is a long, slender projection of a nerve cell, or neuron, that typically conducts electrical impulses away from the neuron's cell body.
  • Dermal papillae
    In the human skin, the dermal papillae (DP) (singular papilla, diminutive of Latin papula, 'pimple') are small, nipple-like extensions (or interdigitations) of the dermis into the epidermis.
  • List of distinct cell types in the adult human body
    There are many different types of cell in the human body.
  • Epsilon cell
    Epsilon cells (ε-cells) are endocrine cells found in the Islets of Langerhans and produce the hormone ghrelin.
  • Chondroblast
    Chondroblasts, or perichondrial cells, is the name given to mesenchymal progenitor cells in situ which, from endochondral ossification, will form chondrocytes in the growing cartilage matrix.
  • Blood–brain barrier
    The blood–brain barrier (BBB) is a highly selective permeability barrier that separates the circulating blood from the brain extracellular fluid in the central nervous system (CNS).
  • Cortical bone
    Cortical bone, synonymous with compact bone, is one of the two types of osseous tissue that form bones.
  • Mononuclear phagocyte system
    In immunology, the mononuclear phagocyte system or mononuclear phagocytic system (MPS) (also known as the reticuloendothelial system or macrophage system) is a part of the immune system that consists of the phagocytic cells located in reticular connective tissue.
  • Nerve
    A nerve is an enclosed, cable-like bundle of axons (nerve fibers, the long and slender projections of neurons) in the peripheral nervous system.
  • Cardiac muscle
    Cardiac muscle (heart muscle) is an involuntary, striated muscle that is found in the walls and histological foundation of the heart, specifically the myocardium.
  • Syncytium
    A syncytium or symplasm (/sɪnˈsaɪtiəm/; plural syncytia; from Greek: σύν (syn) = "together" + κύτος (kytos) = "box, i.e. cell") is a multinucleated cell that can result from multiple cell fusions of uninuclear cells (i.e., cells with a single nucleus), in contrast to a coenocyte, which can result from multiple nuclear divisions without accompanying cytokinesis.
  • Microtome
    A microtome (from the Greek mikros, meaning "small", and temnein, meaning "to cut") is a tool used to cut extremely thin slices of material, known as sections.
  • Basement membrane
    The basement membrane is a thin, fibrous, extracellular matrix of tissue that separates the epithelium (skin, respiratory tract, gastrointestinal tract, etc.), mesothelium (pleural cavity, peritoneal cavity, pericardial cavity, etc.) and endothelium (blood vessels, lymph vessels, etc.) from underlying connective tissue.
  • Metamyelocyte
    A metamyelocyte is a cell undergoing granulopoiesis, derived from a myelocyte, and leading to a band cell.
  • Methylene blue
    Methylene blue (CI 52015), also known as methylthioninium chloride, has many uses in biology and chemistry; for example, it can be used as a stain and as a medication.
  • Perichondrium
    The perichondrium (from Greek περί (peri 'around') and χόνδρος (chondros 'cartilage')) is a layer of dense irregular connective tissue that surrounds the cartilage of developing bone.
  • Corpus luteum
    The corpus luteum (Latin for "yellow body"; plural corpora lutea) is a temporary endocrine structure in female ovaries that is involved in the production of relatively high levels of progesterone and moderate levels of estradiol and inhibin A.
  • Bandemia
    Bandemia refers to an excess of band cells (immature white blood cells) released by the bone marrow into the blood.
  • Periportal space
    The periportal space, or periportal space of Mall, is a space between the stroma of the portal canal and the outermost hepatocytes in the hepatic lobule, and is thought to be one of the sites where lymph originates in the liver.
  • Somatomammotrophic cell
    A somatomammotroph or somatomammotrophic cell, also known as a somatolactotroph or somatolactotrophic cell, is a type of cell of the anterior pituitary gland that produces both somatotropin (growth hormone) and prolactin.
  • Allocortex
    The allocortex (also known as heterogenetic cortex) is one of the two types of cerebral cortex, the other being the neocortex.
  • Pleomorphism (cytology)
    Pleomorphism is a term used in histology and cytopathology to describe variability in the size, shape and staining of cells and/or their nuclei.
  • Acidophil cell
    In the anterior pituitary, the term "acidophil" is used to describe two different types of cells: * somatotrophs, which generate somatotropin (also known as growth hormone) * mammotrophs, which generate prolactin When using standard staining techniques, they cannot be distinguished from each other (though they can be distinguished from basophils and chromophobes), and are therefore identified simply as "acidophils".
  • Methylene green
    Methylene green is a heterocyclic aromatic chemical compound similar to methylene blue.
  • Biotechnic & Histochemistry
    Biotechnic & Histochemistry is a peer-reviewed scientific journal that covers all aspects of histochemistry and microtechnic in the biological sciences from botany to cell biology to medicine.
  • Glomus cell
    A glomus cell (type I) is a peripheral chemoreceptor, mainly located in the carotid bodies and aortic bodies, that helps the body regulate breathing.
  • Lamina propria
    The lamina propria is a constituent of the moist linings known as mucous membranes or mucosa, which line various tubes in the body (such as the respiratory tract, the gastrointestinal tract, and the urogenital tract).
  • Harold Frost
    Harold M. Frost (1921 – 19 June 2004) was an US-American orthopedist and surgeon considered to be one of the most important researchers and theorists in the field of bone biology and bone medicine of his time.
  • Netter's Essential Histology
    Netter's Essential Histology is a textbook/atlas of human histology authored by William K.
  • P-Dimethylaminocinnamaldehyde
    p-Dimethylaminocinnamaldehyde (DMACA) is an aromatic hydrocarbon.
  • Basal lamina
    The basal lamina is a layer of extracellular matrix secreted by the epithelial cells, on which the epithelium sits.
  • Basophil cell
    An anterior pituitary basophil is a type of cell in the anterior pituitary which manufactures hormones.
  • Bone canaliculus
    Bone canaliculi are microscopic canals between the lacunae of ossified bone.
  • Magnocellular cell
    Magnocellular cells, also called M-cells or magnocellular retinal cells, are neurons located within the magnocellular layer of the lateral geniculate nucleus of the thalamus.
  • New methylene blue
    New methylene blue (also NMB) is an organic compound of the thiazine class of heterocycles.
  • Herring bodies
    Herring bodies or neurosecretory bodies are structures found in the posterior pituitary.
  • Biocytin
    Biocytin is a chemical compound that is an amide formed from the vitamin biotin and the amino acid L-lysine.
  • Costamere
    The costamere is a structural-functional component of striated muscle cells which connects the sarcomere of the muscle to the cell membrane.
  • Stereocilia
    Stereocilia (or stereovilli) are non-motile apical modifications of the cell, which are distinct from cilia and microvilli, but closely related to the latter.
  • Tissue culture
    Tissue culture is the growth of tissues or cells separate from the organism.
  • Trichrome
    Trichrome, meaning "three colour" was used as the name of a staining method (Mallory's trichrome) which differentially coloured erythrocytes orange, muscle red and collagen blue.
  • Arthur Ham
    Arthur Worth Ham (20 February 1902 – 6 September 1992) was a prominent Canadian histologist.
  • Annulus of Zinn
    The annulus of Zinn, also known as the annular tendon or common tendinous ring, is a ring of fibrous tissue surrounding the optic nerve at its entrance at the apex of the orbit.