2017-07-27T18:11:41+03:00[Europe/Moscow] en true Myoma, Vaginismus, Cervical ectropion, Vaginitis, Epispadias, Dermoid cyst, Erythroplakia, Uterine perforation, Polycystic ovary syndrome, Cervicitis, Salpingitis, Vulvitis, Ovarian cyst, XY gonadal dysgenesis, Endometriosis, Hypogonadism, Bartholin's cyst, Cervical polyp, Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia, Clitoromegaly, Endometrial polyp, Endometritis, Kraurosis vulvae, Labial fusion, Parametritis, Urinary incontinence, Vulvodynia, Female genital prolapse, Mastitis, Retroverted uterus, Female genital disease, Asherman's syndrome, Premature ovarian failure, XX gonadal dysgenesis, Premenstrual dysphoric disorder, Adenomyosis, Hematocolpos, Meigs' syndrome, Salpingitis isthmica nodosa, Lipschütz ulcer, Endosalpingiosis, Tight hymenal ring, Cryptomenorrhea, Fitz-Hugh–Curtis syndrome flashcards
Gynaecologic disorders

Gynaecologic disorders

  • Myoma
    Myoma is a kind of mesenchymal tumor.
  • Vaginismus
    Vaginismus, sometimes called vaginism and genito-pelvic pain disorder, is a condition that affects a woman's ability to engage in vaginal penetration, including sexual intercourse, manual penetration, insertion of tampons or menstrual cups, and the penetration involved in gynecological examinations (pap tests).
  • Cervical ectropion
    Cervical ectropion (or cervical eversion) is a condition in which the central (endocervical) columnar epithelium protrudes out through the external os of the cervix and onto the vaginal portion of the cervix, undergoes squamous metaplasia, and transforms to stratified squamous epithelium.
  • Vaginitis
    Vaginitis, also known as vaginal infection and vulvovaginitis, is an inflammation of the vagina and possible vulva.
  • Epispadias
    An epispadias is a rare type of malformation of the penis in which the urethra ends in an opening on the upper aspect (the dorsum) of the penis.
  • Dermoid cyst
    A dermoid cyst is a teratoma of a cystic nature that contains an array of developmentally mature, solid tissues.
  • Erythroplakia
    Erythroplakia (or erythroplasia) is a clinical term to describe any erythematous (red) area on a mucous membrane, that cannot be attributed to any other pathology.
  • Uterine perforation
    Uterine perforation is a potential complication of any intrauterine procedure.
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome
    Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a set of symptoms due to elevated androgens (male hormones) in women.
  • Cervicitis
    Cervicitis is inflammation of the uterine cervix.
  • Salpingitis
    Salpingitis is an infection and inflammation in the fallopian tubes.
  • Vulvitis
    Vulvitis is inflammation of the vulva, the external female mammalian genitalia that include the labia majora, labia minora, clitoris, and introitus (the entrance to the vagina).
  • Ovarian cyst
    An ovarian cyst is a fluid-filled sac within the ovary.
  • XY gonadal dysgenesis
    Swyer syndrome, or XY gonadal dysgenesis, is a type of hypogonadism in a person whose karyotype is 46,XY.
  • Endometriosis
    Endometriosis is a disease in which tissue that normally grows inside the uterus grows outside it.
  • Hypogonadism
    Hypogonadism means diminished functional activity of the gonads—the testes in males or the ovaries in females—that may result in diminished sex hormone biosynthesis.
  • Bartholin's cyst
    A Bartholin's cyst, also known as Bartholinitis occurs when a Bartholin's gland is blocked and the gland becomes inflamed.
  • Cervical polyp
    A cervical polyp is a common benign polyp or tumour on the surface of the cervical canal.
  • Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia
    Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN), also known as cervical dysplasia and cervical interstitial neoplasia, is the potentially premalignant transformation and abnormal growth (dysplasia) of squamous cells on the surface of the cervix.
  • Clitoromegaly
    Clitoromegaly (or macroclitoris) is an abnormal enlargement of the clitoris that is mostly congenital or acquired, though deliberately induced clitoris enlargement as a form of female genital body modification is achieved through various uses of anabolic steroids, including testosterone, and may also be referred to as clitoromegaly.
  • Endometrial polyp
    An endometrial polyp or uterine polyp is a mass in the inner lining of the uterus.
  • Endometritis
    Endometritis is inflammation of the endometrium, the inner lining of the uterus.
  • Kraurosis vulvae
    Kraurosis vulvae is a cutaneous condition characterized by atrophy and shrinkage of the skin of the vagina and vulva often accompanied by a chronic inflammatory reaction in the deeper tissues.
  • Labial fusion
    Labial fusion is a medical condition of the female genital anatomy where the labia minora become fused together.
  • Parametritis
    Parametritis is an inflammation of the parametrium (connective tissue adjacent to the uterus).
  • Urinary incontinence
    Urinary incontinence (UI), also known as involuntary urination, is any leakage of urine.
  • Vulvodynia
    Vulvodynia is a chronic pain syndrome that affects the vulvar area and occurs without an identifiable cause.
  • Female genital prolapse
    Female genital prolapse (or vaginal prolapse or pelvic organ prolapse) is characterized by a portion of the vaginal canal protruding (prolapsing) from the opening of the vagina.
  • Mastitis
    Mastitis (also called mammitis) is inflammation of breast or udder tissue usually due to infection.
  • Retroverted uterus
    A retroverted uterus (tilted uterus, tipped uterus) is a uterus that is tilted posteriorly.
  • Female genital disease
    A female genital disease is a condition that affects the female reproductive system.
  • Asherman's syndrome
    Asherman syndrome (AS) or Fritsch syndrome, is a condition characterized by adhesions and/or fibrosis of the endometrium particularly but can also affect the myometrium.
  • Premature ovarian failure
    Premature ovarian failure (POF), also known as premature ovarian insufficiency (POI), or primary ovarian insufficiency is the loss of function of the ovaries before age 40.
  • XX gonadal dysgenesis
    This syndrome is inherited as an autosomal disease.
  • Premenstrual dysphoric disorder
    Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) is a severe and disabling form of premenstrual syndrome affecting 3–8% of menstruating women.
  • Adenomyosis
    Adenomyosis is a medical condition characterized by the presence of ectopic glandular tissue found in the muscular wall of the uterus (myometria).
  • Hematocolpos
    Hematocolpos is a medical condition in which the vagina fills with menstrual blood.
  • Meigs' syndrome
    In medicine, Meigs' syndrome, also Meigs syndrome or Demons-Meigs syndrome, is the triad of ascites, pleural effusion, and benign ovarian tumor (fibroma, fibrothecoma, Brenner tumour, and occasionally granulosa cell tumour).
  • Salpingitis isthmica nodosa
    Salpingitis isthmica nodosa, also known as diverticulosis of the Fallopian tube, is nodular thickening of the narrow part of the uterine tube, due to inflammation.
  • Lipschütz ulcer
    Lipschütz ulcer, ulcus vulvae acutum or reactive non-sexually related acute genital ulcers (English: acute ulceration of the vulva) is a rare disease characterized by painful genital ulcers, fever, and lymphadenopathy, occurring most commonly, but not exclusively, in adolescents and young women.
  • Endosalpingiosis
    In gynecology, endosalpingiosis is a condition in which fallopian tube-like epithelium is found outside the fallopian tube.
  • Tight hymenal ring
    Tight hymenal ring is a disorder of the hymen, characterized by a rigid hymen and tight introitus, whether acquired or congenital.
  • Cryptomenorrhea
    Cryptomenorrhea or cryptomenorrhoea, also known as hematocolpos, is a condition where menstruation occurs but is not visible due to an obstruction of the outflow tract.
  • Fitz-Hugh–Curtis syndrome
    Fitz-Hugh–Curtis syndrome is a rare complication of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) named after the two physicians, Thomas Fitz-Hugh, Jr and Arthur Hale Curtis who first reported this condition in 1934 and 1930 respectively.