Congenital heart defects

2017-07-29T17:23:22+03:00[Europe/Moscow] en true Hypoplastic left heart syndrome, Ebstein's anomaly, Trilogy of Fallot, Noonan syndrome, Congenital heart defect, Patent ductus arteriosus, Dextrocardia, Ventricular septal defect, Tetralogy of Fallot, Ectopia cordis, Brugada syndrome, Coarctation of the aorta, Tricuspid atresia, Scimitar syndrome, Hypoplastic right heart syndrome, Overriding aorta, Double outlet right ventricle, Noncompaction cardiomyopathy, Transposition of the great vessels, Levo-Transposition of the great arteries, Dextro-Transposition of the great arteries, Anomalous aortic origin of a coronary artery, Ostium primum atrial septal defect, Uhl anomaly, Sakati–Nyhan–Tisdale syndrome, Atrioventricular septal defect, Bicuspid aortic valve, Persistent truncus arteriosus, Lutembacher's syndrome, Aortopulmonary septal defect, Cor triatriatum, Crisscross heart, Interrupted aortic arch flashcards Congenital heart defects
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  • Hypoplastic left heart syndrome
    Hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) is a rare congenital heart defect in which the left heart is severely underdeveloped.
  • Ebstein's anomaly
    Ebstein's anomaly is a congenital heart defect in which the septal and posterior leaflets of the tricuspid valve are displaced towards the apex of the right ventricle of the heart.
  • Trilogy of Fallot
    The trilogy of Fallot is a congenital heart condition.
  • Noonan syndrome
    Noonan syndrome (NS) is a relatively common autosomal dominant congenital disorder and is named after Jacqueline Noonan, a pediatric cardiologist.
  • Congenital heart defect
    Congenital heart defect (CHD), also known as a congenital heart anomaly or congenital heart disease, is a problem in the structure of the heart that is present at birth.
  • Patent ductus arteriosus
    Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is a condition wherein the ductus arteriosus fails to close after birth.
  • Dextrocardia
    Dextrocardia (from Latin dexter, meaning "right," and Greek kardia, meaning "heart") is a rare congenital defect in which the apex of the heart is located on the right side of the body.
  • Ventricular septal defect
    A ventricular septal defect (VSD) is a defect in the ventricular septum, the wall dividing the left and right ventricles of the heart.
  • Tetralogy of Fallot
    Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) is a congenital heart defect that is present at birth.
  • Ectopia cordis
    Ectopia cordis (Greek: "away / out of place" + Latin: "heart") is a congenital malformation in which the heart is abnormally located either partially or totally outside of the thorax.
  • Brugada syndrome
    Brugada syndrome (BrS) is a genetic disease that is characterised by abnormal electrocardiogram (ECG) findings and an increased risk of sudden cardiac death.
  • Coarctation of the aorta
    Coarctation of the aorta (CoA or CoAo), also called aortic narrowing, is a congenital condition whereby the aorta is narrow, usually in the area where the ductus arteriosus (ligamentum arteriosum after regression) inserts.
  • Tricuspid atresia
    Tricuspid atresia is a form of congenital heart disease whereby there is a complete absence of the tricuspid valve.
  • Scimitar syndrome
    Scimitar syndrome, or pulmonary venolobar syndrome, is a rare congenital heart defect characterized by anomalous venous return from the right lung (to the systemic venous drainage, rather than directly to the left atrium).
  • Hypoplastic right heart syndrome
    Hypoplastic right heart syndrome is a congenital heart defect in which the right atrium and right ventricle are underdeveloped.
  • Overriding aorta
    An overriding aorta is a congenital heart defect where the aorta is positioned directly over a ventricular septal defect (VSD), instead of over the left ventricle.
  • Double outlet right ventricle
    Double outlet right ventricle (DORV) is a form of congenital heart disease where both of the great arteries connect (in whole or in part) to the right ventricle (RV).
  • Noncompaction cardiomyopathy
    Non-compaction cardiomyopathy (NCC), also called spongiform cardiomyopathy, is a rare congenital cardiomyopathy that affects both children and adults.
  • Transposition of the great vessels
    Transposition of the great vessels (TGV) is a group of congenital heart defects involving an abnormal spatial arrangement of any of the great vessels: superior and/or inferior venae cavae, pulmonary artery, pulmonary veins, and aorta.
  • Levo-Transposition of the great arteries
    levo-Transposition of the great arteries (L-Transposition of the great arteries, levo-TGA, or l-TGA), also commonly referred to as congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries (CC-TGA), is an acyanotic congenital heart defect (CHD) in which the primary arteries (the aorta and the pulmonary artery) are transposed, with the aorta anterior and to the left of the pulmonary artery; the morphological left and right ventricles with their corresponding atrioventricular valves are also transposed.
  • Dextro-Transposition of the great arteries
    dextro-Transposition of the great arteries (d-Transposition of the great arteries, dextro-TGA, or d-TGA), sometimes also referred to as complete transposition of the great arteries, is a birth defect in the large arteries of the heart.
  • Anomalous aortic origin of a coronary artery
    Anomalous aortic origin of a coronary artery (AAOCA) from the inappropriate sinus of Valsalva with an interarterial, intraconal, or intramural course is a rare heart defect associated with an increased risk of sudden death in children.
  • Ostium primum atrial septal defect
    The ostium primum atrial septal defect (also known as an endocardial cushion defect) is a defect in the atrial septum at the level of the tricuspid and mitral valves.
  • Uhl anomaly
    Uhl's anomaly was first described in 1952 by Dr.
  • Sakati–Nyhan–Tisdale syndrome
    Sakati–Nyhan–Tisdale syndrome, also called acrocephalopolysyndactyly type III, is a rare genetic disorder that has been associated with abnormalities in the bones of the legs, congenital heart defects and craniofacial defects.
  • Atrioventricular septal defect
    Atrioventricular septal defect (AVSD) or atrioventricular canal defect (AVCD), previously known as "common atrioventricular canal" (CAVC) or "endocardial cushion defect", is characterized by a deficiency of the atrioventricular septum of the heart.
  • Bicuspid aortic valve
    A bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) is a disease (usually congenital in nature) of the aortic valve, in which two of the aortic valvular leaflets fuse during development resulting in a valve that is bicuspid, instead of the normal tricuspid configuration.
  • Persistent truncus arteriosus
    Persistent truncus arteriosus (or Patent truncus arteriosus or Common arterial trunk), is a rare form of congenital heart disease that presents at birth.
  • Lutembacher's syndrome
    Lutembacher's syndrome is a form of congenital heart disease.
  • Aortopulmonary septal defect
    An aortopulmonary septal defect is a group of rare congenital heart disorders that result from errors in the development of the aorticopulmonary septum.
  • Cor triatriatum
    Cor triatriatum (or triatrial heart) is a congenital heart defect where the left atrium (cor triatriatum sinistrum) or right atrium (cor triatriatum dextrum) is subdivided by a thin membrane, resulting in three atrial chambers (hence the name).
  • Crisscross heart
    Crisscross heart is a type of congenital heart defect where the right atrium is closely associated with the left ventricle in space, and the left atrium is closely associated with the right ventricle.
  • Interrupted aortic arch
    Interrupted aortic arch is a very rare heart defect (affecting 3 per million live births) in which the aorta is not completely developed.