Commodity chemicals

2017-07-30T01:47:32+03:00[Europe/Moscow] en true Polyethylene, Ethylene-vinyl acetate, Polyethylene terephthalate, Poly(methyl methacrylate), Polypropylene, Polystyrene, Polyvinyl chloride, Propene, Adipic acid, Vinyl acetate, Methyl methacrylate, Acrylic acid, Acetone, Phenol, Propylene glycol, 1,3-Butadiene, Glycerol, Nylon, Xylene, Cyclohexane, Melamine, Bisphenol A, Hexane, Ethylene glycol, Ethyl acetate, Ethylene oxide, Terephthalic acid, Ethylbenzene, Caprolactam, Cumene, Ethanolamine, Phthalic anhydride, Tetrachloroethylene, Butyl acetate, Ethylenediamine, Toluene, Butanone, Benzene, Styrene, Naphtha, Vinyl chloride, Acrylonitrile, Dimethyl terephthalate, Epichlorohydrin, Ethyl tert-butyl ether, Fatty acid, Propylene oxide, Ethylene, Urea, Methanol, Methyl isobutyl ketone, Ethanol, Sorbitol flashcards Commodity chemicals
Click to flip
  • Polyethylene
    Polyethylene (abbreviated PE) or polyethene (IUPAC name polyethene or poly(methylene)) is the most common plastic.
  • Ethylene-vinyl acetate
    Ethylene-vinyl acetate (EVA), also known as poly(ethylene-vinyl acetate) (PEVA), is the copolymer of ethylene and vinyl acetate.
  • Polyethylene terephthalate
    Polyethylene terephthalate (sometimes written poly(ethylene terephthalate)), commonly abbreviated PET, PETE, or the obsolete PETP or PET-P, is the most common thermoplastic polymer resin of the polyester family and is used in fibers for clothing, containers for liquids and foods, thermoforming for manufacturing, and in combination with glass fiber for engineering resins.
  • Poly(methyl methacrylate)
    Poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA), also known as acrylic or acrylic glass as well as by the trade names Plexiglas, Acrylite, Lucite, and Perspex among several others (see below), is a transparent thermoplastic often used in sheet form as a lightweight or shatter-resistant alternative to glass.
  • Polypropylene
    Polypropylene (PP), also known as polypropene, is a thermoplastic polymer used in a wide variety of applications including packaging and labeling, textiles (e.g., ropes, thermal underwear and carpets), stationery, plastic parts and reusable containers of various types, laboratory equipment, loudspeakers, automotive components, and polymer banknotes.
  • Polystyrene
    Polystyrene (PS) /ˌpɒliˈstaɪriːn/ is a synthetic aromatic polymer made from the monomer styrene.
  • Polyvinyl chloride
    Polyvinyl chloride, more correctly but unusually poly(vinyl chloride), commonly abbreviated PVC, is the world's third-most widely produced synthetic plastic polymer, after polyethylene and polypropylene.
  • Propene
    Propene, also known as propylene or methyl ethylene, is an unsaturated organic compound having the chemical formula C3H6.
  • Adipic acid
    Adipic acid is the organic compound with the formula (CH2)4(COOH)2.
  • Vinyl acetate
    Vinyl acetate is an organic compound with the formula CH3CO2CHCH2.
  • Methyl methacrylate
    Methyl methacrylate (MMA) is an organic compound with the formula CH2=C(CH3)COOCH3.
  • Acrylic acid
    Acrylic acid (IUPAC: prop-2-enoic acid) is an organic compound with the formula CH2=CHCOOH.
  • Acetone
    Acetone (systematically named 2-propanone) is the organic compound with the formula (CH3)2CO.
  • Phenol
    Phenol, also known as carbolic acid, is an aromatic organic compound with the molecular formula C6H5OH.
  • Propylene glycol
    Propylene glycol, also called propane-1,2-diol, is an organic compound with the chemical formula C3H8O2.
  • 1,3-Butadiene
    1,3-Butadiene is a simple conjugated diene with the formula C4H6.
  • Glycerol
    Glycerol /ˈɡlɪsərɒl/ (also called glycerine or glycerin; see spelling differences) is a simple polyol compound.
  • Nylon
    Nylon is a generic designation for a family of synthetic polymers, more specifically aliphatic or semi-aromatic polyamides.
  • Xylene
    Xylene (from Greek ξύλο, xylo, "wood"), xylol or dimethylbenzene is any one of three isomers of dimethylbenzene, or a combination thereof.
  • Cyclohexane
    Cyclohexane is a cycloalkane with the molecular formula C6H12 (abbreviated to Cy).
  • Melamine
    Melamine /ˈmɛləmiːn/ is an organic base and a trimer of cyanamide, with a 1,3,5-triazine skeleton.
  • Bisphenol A
    Bisphenol A (BPA) is an organic synthetic compound with the chemical formula (CH3)2C(C6H4OH)2 belonging to the group of diphenylmethane derivatives and bisphenols, with two hydroxyphenyl groups.
  • Hexane
    Hexane /ˈhɛkseɪn/ is an alkane of six carbon atoms, with the chemical formula C6H14.
  • Ethylene glycol
    Ethylene glycol (IUPAC name: ethane-1,2-diol) is an organic compound with the formula (CH2OH)2.
  • Ethyl acetate
    Ethyl acetate (systematically, ethyl ethanoate, commonly abbreviated EtOAc or EA) is the organic compound with the formula CH3-COO-CH2-CH3, simplified to C4H8O2.
  • Ethylene oxide
    Ethylene oxide, properly called oxirane by IUPAC, is the organic compound with the formula C2H4O.
  • Terephthalic acid
    Terephthalic acid (a portmanteau of the turpentine-producing tree terebinthus, and phthalic acid) is the organic compound with formula C6H4(CO2H)2.
  • Ethylbenzene
    Ethylbenzene is an organic compound with the formula C6H5CH2CH3.
  • Caprolactam
    Caprolactam (CPL) is an organic compound with the formula (CH2)5C(O)NH.
  • Cumene
    Cumene is the common name for isopropylbenzene, an organic compound that is based on an aromatic hydrocarbon with an aliphatic substitution.
  • Ethanolamine
    Ethanolamine, also called 2-aminoethanol or monoethanolamine (often abbreviated as ETA or MEA), is an organic chemical compound with the formula HOCH2CH2NH2.
  • Phthalic anhydride
    Phthalic anhydride is the organic compound with the formula C6H4(CO)2O.
  • Tetrachloroethylene
    Tetrachloroethylene, also known under the systematic name tetrachloroethene, or perchloroethylene ("perc" or "PERC"), and many other names, is a chlorocarbon with the formula Cl2C=CCl2.
  • Butyl acetate
    n-Butyl acetate, also known as butyl ethanoate, is an ester which is a colorless flammable liquid at room temperature.
  • Ethylenediamine
    Ethylenediamine (abbreviated as en when a ligand) is the organic compound with the formula C2H4(NH2)2.
  • Toluene
    Toluene /ˈtɒljuːiːn/, also known as toluol /ˈtɒljuːɒl/, is a colorless, water-insoluble liquid with the smell associated with paint thinners.
  • Butanone
    Butanone, also known as methyl ethyl ketone (MEK), is an organic compound with the formula CH3C(O)CH2CH3.
  • Benzene
    Benzene is an important organic chemical compound with the chemical formula C6H6.
  • Styrene
    Styrene, also known as ethenylbenzene, vinylbenzene, and phenylethene, is an organic compound with the chemical formula C6H5CH=CH2.
  • Naphtha
    Naphtha (/ˈnæpθə/ or /ˈnæfθə/) is a general term that has been used for over two thousand years to refer to flammable liquid hydrocarbon mixtures.
  • Vinyl chloride
    Vinyl chloride is an organochloride with the formula H2C=CHCl that is also called vinyl chloride monomer (VCM) or chloroethene.
  • Acrylonitrile
    Acrylonitrile is an organic compound with the formula CH2CHCN.
  • Dimethyl terephthalate
    Dimethyl terephthalate (DMT) is an organic compound with the formula C6H4(CO2CH3)2.
  • Epichlorohydrin
    Epichlorohydrin (abbreviated ECH) is an organochlorine compound and an epoxide.
  • Ethyl tert-butyl ether
    Ethyl tert-butyl ether (ETBE) is commonly used as an oxygenate gasoline additive in the production of gasoline from crude oil.
  • Fatty acid
    In chemistry, particularly in biochemistry, a fatty acid is a carboxylic acid with a long aliphatic chain, which is either saturated or unsaturated.
  • Propylene oxide
    Propylene oxide is an organic compound with the molecular formula CH3CHCH2O.
  • Ethylene
    Ethylene (IUPAC name: ethene) is a hydrocarbon which has the formula C2H4 or H2C=CH2.
  • Urea
    Urea, also known as carbamide, is an organic compound with the chemical formula CO(NH2)2.
  • Methanol
    Methanol, also known as methyl alcohol among others, is a chemical with the formula CH3OH (often abbreviated MeOH).
  • Methyl isobutyl ketone
    Methyl isobutyl ketone is manufactured from acetone via a three-step process.
  • Ethanol
    Ethanol /ˈɛθənɒl/ (EtOH), also commonly called alcohol, ethyl alcohol, and drinking alcohol, is the principal type of alcohol found in alcoholic beverages, produced by the fermentation of sugars by yeasts.
  • Sorbitol
    Sorbitol, also known as glucitol, is a sugar alcohol with a sweet taste which the human body metabolizes slowly.