Language Arts I Final Study Guide

Language Arts I
Final Study Guide
1. Know the parts of the Story Plot Diagram.
Exposition- Learn about characters, setting, background information
Rising Action- Major events that develop the plot and lead to the climax
Climax- The turning point or the high point of the story
Falling Action- Events after the climax but before the resolution
Resolution- The outcome of the conflict when loose ends are tied up
2. Be able to identify Parts of Speech of words in sentences.
Noun- names a person, place, or thing (school, bag, friend, Miramar)
Pronoun- takes the place of a noun in a sentence (I, me, he, she, him, her, you, they, them)
Verb- expresses action (plant, run, jump, say) or state of being (is, am, was, were)
Adjectives- describes nouns or pronouns; answers these questions- “What kind?” “Which one?” “How
Many?” (small boat, funny girl, two apples, the school)
Adverb- Describes verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs; usually end in “ly;” answers these questions“How?” “When?” “Where?” “How much?” (quickly, today, loudly, patiently)
Interjection- conveys emotion in a sentence; you usually follow interjections with an exclamation mark
(Wow! Ouch, Hey!)
Conjunction- Used to join words, phrases, sentences (and, but, or, nor, for, so, yet)
Dracula bites his victims on the neck.
I live in the beautiful city of Miramar.
He slowly walked to school on the last day, but he was sad about leaving his friends.
3. Know the difference between a sentence and fragment.
Sentence-group of words that express a complete thought; contains a subject and verb
He rode his bike to school every day.
Fragment- groups of words that does not express a complete thought
To school every day
Skipping down the hall
4. Be able to identify the subject of a sentence.
Subject- Who or what the sentence is about; will be a noun or pronoun
The firefighter rescued the family from the burning home.
I will go on vacation during the summer.
5. Be able to identify types of sentences.
Declarative- makes a statement; ends in a period
I studied for all finals.
Interrogative- asks a question; ends in a question mark
Are you going to study for your finals?
Exclamatory- shows strong emotion; ends in an exclamation mark
Wow! I got an A on all my finals!
Imperative- makes a command or request; can end in a period or exclamation mark
Study for your finals!
Please study for your finals.
6. Know definition of a topic sentence and be able to identify it.
Topic Sentence- states or suggests the main idea or topic of a paragraph