WHAT SHOULD I KNOW FOR THE MITOSIS Chapter 10 TEST What happens in each of the phases? (Ex: chromosomes line up in middle of cell = metaphase; make molecules and organelles & grow bigger = G2) Be able to use vocab words to describe these events. (spindle, centromere, chromatid, centrioles, chromatin, chromosomes, cell plate, cleavage furrow, centrosome, homologous chromosomes, etc) Which are identical- chromatids or homologous chromosomes? Which are similar but not identical? What phases make up interphase? What are the phases that make up mitosis? Which phase are cells in most of the time? Give an example of a cell in G0. In which order do the phases occur? Why is telophase called “reverse prophase”? Be able to identify the different phases in a picture/diagram. How is cytokinesis different in plant and animal cells? How is DNA different in prokaryotes and eukaryotes? How is cell division different in prokaryotes and eukaryotes? Which organelle provides the material to build the cell plate in plant cells? Which organelle provides the energy for moving chromosomes? What is DNA overload? What happens to a cell’s volume and surface area as it grows bigger? For what reasons might a cell use mitosis? How is chromatin different from chromosomes? When do cells use each of these? What is cancer? What is a carcinogen? What is contact inhibition? What do cyclins do?