Inherited and Learned Behaviors Traits (Behavior) • Traits are something an organism does. • Examples: A bear hibernating Plant stems growing up and roots growing down Instinctive Behavior • An instinctive behavior is a behavior that an animal inherits from its parents. • The animal is born with the behavior. Inherited Traits • Characteristics passed down to an offspring by his or her parents. • These traits (behaviors) are controlled by genes made up of DNA. Examples of Inherited Traits • Hibernation-a deep sleeplike state when an animal’s body processes slow down. • Migration-seasonal movement of animals from one place to another • Protecting Young • Walking-a baby colt can walk after it is born. • Eating • Breathing Examples of Inherited Traits • • • • Fish swim Spider spins web Bird builds nest Touch hot objects=pain Examples of Inherited Traits • • • • • Fur color Body markings Height Length Shape of eyes, ears, nose, body Learned Behavior • A learned behavior is a behavior that an animal develops by observing other animals or by being taught. Examples of Learned Behaviors • Sea animals doing tricks • Birds avoiding viceroy butterflies Examples of Learned Behaviors • • • • • Dog shakes paw with you Fish swims to top of fish bowl Dog hears bell and comes for food Colt wears saddle to allow rider Bird builds nest in safe place Learned and Inherited • Some behaviors animals have are a combination of learned and inherited traits. • Examples: Young cheetahs have the instinct to hunt, but at first do not know how to sneak up on their prey. They learn how to do that by watching their mother when she hunts. Wolves have the instinct to hunt but learn to hunt in groups. Hunting in Packs Plant’s Behavior • All plant behavior is inherited (they can’t learn can they?). • However, plants will respond to their environment. Plants responding to their environment • A plant’s response to a stimulus is called tropism. • If you put a plant near a window it will turn it’s leaves toward the sunlight. • Plants roots grow downward toward water.