ACTIVE SHOOTER SCHOOL TRAINING 2014 Fog of Terror Chaos Fear Our goal is to share information with those that could find themselves in one of these critical events and provide training for an “active shooter” incident and a frame of reference. Presentation Outline Case Studies Situational Awareness Mind-set of an Active Shooter Run, Hide & Fight Law Enforcement Response Columbine High School 1 Teacher Murdered 12 Students Murdered 20 Students Injured Characteristics of Shooters During Incident Deliberate Robotic No Fear Jared Cano Friend tipped police active shooter plan Cano expelled Fantasized killing more than Virgina Tech/Columbine/Norway Summer Camp 2011 Planned to commit suicide Cano video taped his plans prior to his arrest Newtown, CT December 14, 2012 Sandy Hook Elementary School Adam Lanza – 20 years old Killed Mother Semi-auto AR-15 Assault Rifle 2 hand guns 28 dead including 20 children Suicide • Loner • Asperger Syndrome • Spent most of time on a computer playing violent video games • Quiet to a depth which could not be penetrated Waseca Junior/Senior High School Minnesota 2013 The Plan • Kill family • Diversionary fire in rural area to distract first responders • Violent plans in 180 page notebook filled with notes on school shootings and massacres • Critiqued other school events Promised a bigger shooting event • Practiced setting off bombs at a nearby playground • Neighbor tipped police after seeing Ladue entering storage unit filled with supplies The Goal “Take out as many students he could” The Clock is Ticking…. 5 Year Study of 65 Events: Someone dies every 15 seconds Typical event is over in 3 to 4 minutes Police response is 5 to 7 minutes FRAME OF REFERENCE You have a frame of reference when; You have Thoughts, Feelings about an issue You have a strong frame of reference when: You have personal experiences with an issue It is difficult to have a Frame of Reference about an issue if : •Have no feelings about it •You have no personal experience (behavioral) with it •You have never thought about it •DO NOT BELIEVE IT COULD EVER HAPPEN TO YOU GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS OF AN ACTIVE SHOOTER They “told” some one Shooting is planned Motive is revenge- “make it fair” History of depression 78% suicidal at time of shooting Student was “different” Acting out their emotional needs LIFE EXPERIENCES OF AN ACTIVE SHOOTER (CASE STUDIES) • • • • • • • • Abused and or felt abused Socially isolated Socially anxious Aggressive as children Chronically depressed “Odd kids” have few friends if any “Odd kids” are teased “Odd kids” try their parents’ patience and love LIFE EXPERIENCES OF AN ACTIVE SHOOTER (CASE STUDIES) CONT.. • Threats • Allusions to violence • Excessive or intimidating reference to mass murder or shooting sprees, real or fiction • Intimidating weapon comments • Depression or suicidal thoughts • Paranoia • Repeatedly accusing other people of causing one’s problems • Unreasonable complaints With their guns they are acting out EMOTIONAL NEEDS To be heard/seen To be recognized To be seen as powerful To have their unbelievable pain and rage acknowledged BIOLOGY NORMAL BRAIN ACTIVITY- Proactive Killers-kill to achieve a thought out goal–ie robbery ABNORMAL BRAIN ACTIVITY- Reactive Killers-kill in response to real or imaginedinsults-ie school shooters BIOLOGY REACTIVE KILLERS ..\..\All Users\Documents\My Pictures\Kodak Pictures\2006-11Low prefrontal activity 08\102_0446.jpg High limbic activity High cingulate gyrus activity AggressiveObsessiveNo empathy- MIDDLE SCHOOL vs HIGH SCHOOL Middle School shooters: are usually alive when first responders arrive High School/College shooters: are usually not alive when first responders arrive What you can expect of yourself 1. Hyperventilation 2. Accelerated Heart Rate 3. Adrenaline Rush 4. Loss of Peripheral Vision 5. Diminished hearing This Can’t Be Happening Three Phases of Our Mental Disaster Response Denial Deliberation Decisive Moment Denial…Underestimating the severity Denial is delaying action Delaying action costs time Delaying action can cost lives Denial and Social Proof Diffusion of Responsibility • In ambiguous situations we look at others for cues on how to act • If they do nothing, you will do nothing • If they act, you will act Deliberation We made it past Denial Now decide what to do…. Fear enters the equation Brain not working well Deliberation Stress Side Effects Ability to think is seriously impaired Vision narrows Time distortion Auditory exclusion Fine motor skills deteriorate Programming Responses Think through events before a disaster Plan your response Practice your response “The best way to get the brain to perform under extreme stress is to repeatedly run it through rehearsals beforehand…” Decisive Moment Denied Deliberated Time to ACT! Be Prepared “The one thing you don’t ever want to do is have to think in a disaster”….9/11 Survivor RUN HIDE FIGHT RUN! Always Be Aware Know Escape Routes Exits Windows Decide to Leave at First Opportunity and Report Go into Lockdown Mode LOCK! Lock Doors Barricade access points Door stops Furniture Rope doors closed Cover windows Darken room Go into Run mode again Lockdown Considerations Barricading doors: Outward opening Eye bolts Rope Inward opening Furniture Kick bars Door stops FIGHT!! Have a survivor’s (not a victim’s) mindset Decide right now that your are going to do whatever it takes to survive Getting shot does not mean that you are dead You can and must keep going! Law Enforcement The older tactics used were to contain the suspect and wait for tactical teams to arrive to make entry. Today, rapid deployment by all law enforcement personnel should be used to minimize harm to innocent persons. Law Enforcement Assessment Activity On-going violence (active shooter) Placing or detonating explosives designed to cause injury Number of Suspects involved Increased potential for mass casualties Immediate Action / Rapid Deployment Rapid Deployment Objectives: 1. Save lives 2. Locate the threat 3. Neutralize the threat 4. Remove the threat 5. Contain the threat HOSTAGE RESCUE If suspect alone Treat as barricaded gunman Contain Prevent ability to move negotiation If suspect with hostages Contain Negotiations Law Enforcement concealment, close enough to enter area If suspect begins to endanger hostages –SWAT Members will immediately intervene-Glass breaking, explosions, bright lights, smoke – speed, shock, surprise Hostage Compliance J.P. Coroner Office Teen Life Counts 2013/2014 School Year 2,963 Students Interviewed 462 Referrals Depression Anxiety Cutting Burning Suicidal Self Referral Peer Referral School System Pro-Active Approach • Communicate with students encouraging reporting of suspicious activity • Use technology to create a mechanism indicators of potentially violent behavior and sending alerts about incidents • Policy to immediately report suspicious persons on campus grounds especially anyone scaling fences • Automated notification system if an event develops • Plans for the arrival of law enforcement • Open lines of communication with students family Department of Justice-Strategic Approach • Post-event evidence identified that changes in the subjects’ behavior were not effectively communicate in ways that could have prevented tragedies. • Many recent events have involved offenders who were knows to have mental health problems. Mental health problems are contributing factors to the violence • Natural order of family unit is to protect and care for its members; however the family has the potential to serve as first source of identifying problems • Cultural shift-reporting abnormal behavior is in best interest of society – a civic responsibility - Final Thought IN AN ACTIVE SHOOTER INCIDENT, IT IS TEAMWORK AND PREPARATION, WHICH WILL PROTECT INNOCENT PERSONS AND SAVE LIVES.