Detective Barry Smith
Oakdale Police Department
 An
active shooter is an individual actively
engaged in killing or attempting to kill
people in a confined and populated area
John Nicolette, PhD, conducted a study of 35 active shooter incidents during 2012
and discussed the results of his study during a lecture entitled “Detection and
Disruption of Insider/Outsider Perpetrated Violence.”
 The average active shooter incident lasts 12 minutes, while 37 percent last less
than five minutes.
 49 percent of attackers committed suicide, 34 percent were arrested, and 17
percent were killed.
 51 percent of the attacks studied occurred in the workplace, while 17 percent
occurred in a school, 17 percent occurred in a public place, and six percent
occurred in a religious establishment.
Peter Blair, PhD, and Hunter Martindale, PhD, conducted a study of 84 active
shooter incidents from 2001 to 2010. Here’s a summary of their findings:
 Two percent of the shooters bring improvised explosive devices (IEDs) as an
additional weapon.
 In 10 percent of the cases, the shooter stops and walks away. In 20 percent of
the cases, the shooter goes mobile, moving to another location.
 43 percent of the time, the crime is over before police arrive. In 57 percent of
the shootings, an officer arrives while shooting is still underway.
 The attacks ended before the police arrived 49 percent of the time. In 56
percent of the attacks ongoing when police arrived, officers had to use force to
stop the killing.
 Single
shooters conducted all attacks
between 2000 to 2012.
 Shooters did not fit a specific profile.
 While most (94 percent) of the shooters were
male, some were female.
 They also came from different racial and
ethnic categories.
 The youngest shooter in the data set was 13,
and the oldest was 88.
 Again, no clear profile based upon the
demographics of the shooter was observed.
 Last
year at least 27 shootings occurred
on or near college campuses, according to
a survey of news reports by The
Huffington Post.
 Only two of the 27 incidents -- at New
River Community College and Santa
Monica College -- involved an "active
shooter," in which a gunman fires in an
indiscriminate manner attempting to kill
people in a confined area.
Huffington Post
 54
traditional campuses
37 State public colleges and universities (MnSCU)
17 Private colleges and universities (MN Private College Council)
“For profit” colleges and universities
Huffington Post
 Enter
the building or shooting scene right
 #1 priority during initial response is to
neutralize the threat (usually 2-3 minutes)
 After the threat is neutralized, care for
injured, continued search of building and
anyone in the building (hours)
natural responses
 Fight
 Flight
 Freeze
ways to survive
 Run
 Hide
 Fight
 If
something / someone is suspicious report it
Client behavior
Unusual pattern of activity
 Use
campus / building security
Safety recommendations
Most important is to
continue to do your job.
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