CONFLICTS OVER LAND Chapter 11: Section 2 Pp. 342-347 MOVING NATIVE AMERICANS Many Native Americans still lived in the eastern part of the U.S. “Five Civilized Tribes” Cherokee Creek Seminole Chickasaw Choctaw Had farming societies and successful economies CIVILIZED TRIBES REMOVED Area west of the Mississippi River Dry Unsuitable for farming Settlers wanted Native Americans moved to this land Jackson supports this INDIAN REMOVAL ACT 1830 Allowed the government to pay Native Americans to move west Most Native American leaders felt forced to accept payment Indian Territory: Area in present -day Oklahoma set aside for Native Americans THE CHEROKEE NATION Refused to give up their lands in Georgia Had been recognized as a separate nation Jackson supported Georgia’s ef forts to remove the Cherokee Supreme Court had ruled in favor of Cherokee THE TRAIL OF TEARS 1838 Martin Van Buren (8 th President) begins the removal of the Cherokee General Winfield Scott and 7,000 federal troops begin removing the Cherokee in May Cherokee were marched over 1 ,200 miles to the Indian Territory 2,000 died in camps before the move 2,000 died on the way due to starvation, disease, and exposure MARTIN VAN BUREN TRAIL OF TEARS http://www.history.com/topics/native -american-history/trailof-tears QUIZ 1 . What are the “Five Civilized Tribes”? Why are they known as the “Five Civilized Tribes”? 2. What was the Indian Removal Act? 3. Where were the Indians going to be removed to? Why were they going to be moved to this locaton? 4. What was the “Trail of Tears”? How far did the Cherokee march? How many died in camps? How many died on the Trail of Tears? 5. Who was Winfield Scott? 6. Who was Martin Van Buren?