Pathophysiology Chapter 11 Practice Test Fall 2011 True/False

Pathophysiology Chapter 11 Practice Test Fall 2011
Indicate whether the statement is true or false.
1. An accumulation of fluid in the pleural space is known as pleural effusion.
2. Pneumonia is an inflammation of the visceral and parietal pleura.
3. Pleural effusion is also called pleurisy.
4. Rhinorrhea is a bloody discharge from the nose.
5. Thoracentesis is the removal of fluid from the pleural space.
Multiple Choice: Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
6. What is another term for "respiratory distress syndrome"?
b. hyaline membrane disease
c. asthma
7. What is the medical term for "sore throat"?
a. pharyngitis
b. laryngitis
c. dysphonia
8. Which medical term describes the "common cold"?
a. rhinitis
b. coryza
c. sinusitis
9. Select the medical term that means hoarseness.
a. stridor
b. pharyngitis
c. dysphonia
10. Which disease is associated with coal miners?
a. silicosis
b. anthracosis
c. emphysema
11. Which breathing pattern may lead to hyperventilation?
a. tachypnea
b. bradypnea
c. wheezing
12. Which term best describes spitting up blood?
a. epistaxis
b. hemoptysis
c. expectoration
13. What is collecting pleural fluid by passing a needle into the pleural space called?
a. pneumocentesis
b. thoracentesis
c. pleural biopsy
Pathophysiology Chapter 11 Practice Test Fall 2011
____ 14. Select the term that best describes temporary cessation of breathing.
a. dyspnea
b. eupnea
c. apnea
____ 15. What is difficult breathing known as?
a. dyspnea
b. orthopnea
c. eupnea
____ 16. What is an accumulation of pus in the pleural cavity called?
a. mucopurulent
b. pleurisy
c. empyema
____ 17. Select the term that best describes an endoscopic exam of the bronchi.
a. bronchiectasis
b. bronchostomy
c. bronchoscopy
____ 18. What is a collection of air or gas in the pleural cavity?
a. pneumothorax
b. pleurothorax
c. pleuritis
____ 19. What is the condition of coughing or spitting up blood called?
a. hematemesis
b. hemoptysis
c. hematorrhea
____ 20. What is a high-pitched sound caused by airway obstruction called?
a. rhonchi
b. rales
c. stridor
____ 21. Select the term that means the surgical removal of the palatine tonsils.
a. palatoplasty
b. tonsillectomy
c. adenoidectomy
Complete each statement.
22. A sharp "knifelike" pain is associated with ____________________, which also produces a
"rubbing" sound.
23. An inflamed voice box is called ____________________.
24. Insufficient oxygenation of the blood, ____________________, may be related to several
respiratory disorders.
25. A bacterial infection, ____________________, is characterized by caseous necrosis in lung
26. ____________________ is defined as an inadequate oxygen supply to the tissues.
Pathophysiology Chapter 11 Practice Test Fall 2011
27. ____________________ ____________________ occurs when fluid accumulates in the pleural
28. A(n) ____________________ cough is also called a "dry cough."
29. A productive cough brings up ____________________.
30. "Whooping cough" is the nonmedical description of ____________________, which occurs
mainly in children.
31. An apnea alarm mattress is used to prevent ____________________ ____________________
____________________ ____________________, also known as "crib death."
32. The chronic pulmonary disease ____________________ is characterized by a destruction of
alveoli walls.
33. ____________________ is the substance coughed up from the lungs, bronchi, and trachea
that is expelled through the mouth.
34. Abnormally slow breathing is known as ____________________.
35. The act of spitting out saliva or coughing up materials from the air passageways leading to
the lungs is called ________________________.
36. To _________________ is to expel air forcibly through the nose and mouth by spasmodic
contraction of muscles of expiration due to irritation of nasal mucosa.
37. Inflammation of a sinus, especially a paranasal sinus, is called __________________
Pathophysiology Chapter 11 Practice Test Fall 2011
1. T
2. F
3. F
Pleuritis is also called pleurisy.
4. F
Rhinorrhea is a discharge or drainage from the nose.
5. T
6. B
7. A
8. B
9. C
10. B
11. A
12. B
13. B
14. C
15. A
16. C
17. C
18. A
19. B
20. C
21. B
22. pleurisy
23. laryngitis
24. hypoxemia
25. tuberculosis
26. Hypoxia
27. Pleural effusion
28. nonproductive/unproductive
29. sputum
30. pertussis
31. sudden infant death syndrome
32. emphysema
33. Sputum
34. bradypnea
35. expectoration
36. sneeze
37. sinusitis