Martin Luther and Reformation

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Martin Luther
and Reformation
Chapter 13
Prelude to Reformation
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Christian or Northern
Renaissance Humanism
Christian Humanists
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Desiderius Erasmus
(1466 – 1536)
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Handbook of the Christian
Knight (1503)
“The Philosophy of Christ”
The Praise of Folly (1509)
Wanted Reform within the
Church
Thomas More
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Utopia (1516)
Church and Religion on the
Eve of the Reformation
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Church Corruption
Meaning of Salvation
Relics
“Modern Devotion”
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Thomas A Kempis – The Imitation of Christ
Calls to Reform
Martin Luther &
the Reformation in Germany
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The Early Luther
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Law Student
Becomes a monk
Doctorate in Theology (1512)
“Justification by Faith”
Primacy of the Bible as the sole
religious authority
Johann Tetzel and Indulgences
The Ninety-Five Theses (1517)
Pamphlets (1520)
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Address to the Nobility of the German
Nation
The Babylonian Captivity of the Church
On the Freedom of a Christian Man
Excommunication (1521)
Diet of Worms (1521)
The Development of
Lutheranism
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Spread through Germany
Dissent from the Humanists
The Peasants’ War (1524)
State Churches
New Religious Services
Germany and the Reformation:
Religion and Politics
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Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor (1519 – 1556)
Francis I of France (1515 – 1547)
Habsburg – Valois Wars (1521 – 1544)
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Pope Clement VII (1523 – 1534) sides with Francis I
Turks/Suleiman the Magnificent (1520 – 1566)
Germany’s fragmented political power
Schmalkaldic League, Wars (1546-47)
Peace of Augsburg (1555)
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Division of Christianity acknowledged
Princes could choose religion, individuals could not
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