Prep Guide Chapter 2: Neuroscience and Behaviour What is a behavioural neuroscientist? What is a neuron? Draw and label each part of the neuron noting the major functions of each part. In your own words, describe the process of how a neuron fires. What is the “all-or-nothing law”? Draw a chart outlining the major neurotransmitters and their functions. Differentiate between the central and the peripheral nervous systems. Draw a chart demonstrating the subdivisions and functions of the peripheral nervous system (somatic and autonomic division; parasympathetic and sympathetic division). What does behavioural genetics study? What is gene therapy? How do scientists study the brain? Describe the overall function of the hindbrain. Describe the following parts of the hindbrain: Medulla Pons Cerebellum Describe the role of the reticular formation in the midbrain. Describe the thalamus and the hypothalamus of the limbic system. Describe the role of the amygdala and the hippocampus of the limbic system. What is the cerebral cortex? List and define the four lobes of the forebrain (frontal, temporal, occipital, and parietal). Explain the location and function of Wernicke and Boca’s areas. What is the function of the motor area of the cortex and where is it located? What is the function of the sensory area of the cortex and where is it located? Explain the function of the location areas of the brain. Define neuroplasticity. Describe the term lateralization. Explain the functions of the right and left hemispheres. In your own words, describe what happens to split-brain patients after their corpus callosum has been surgically cut. What is biofeedback and why is it helpful? What is the endocrine system? Explain the role of the pituitary gland and how it works in conjunction with the hypothalamus. Now it’s time to apply your knowledge! Go to McGraw-Hill ConnectTM at www.mcgrawhillconnect.com. Check to see if your instructor has assigned any homework or posted any quizzes or tests, and then click on the LearnSmartTM study modules and complete the study module for Chapter 2. Open the eBook and view the three videos associated with this chapter (Neurons: How They Work, Functions of Neurotransmitters, and Integration in the Brain). Remember, you can highlight or add notes to your eBook (see the links at the top of your eBook) and they will automatically be saved to your “my notebook” for further study. Want more practice with the content of this chapter? Go to http://highered.mcgrawhill.com/sites/0071056742/student_view0/chapter2/ and test your knowledge using the flash cards, complete the crossword puzzle, and then see how you do on the pop quiz!