Final Exam Review Guide Answers

World Geography
Mid Term Test Review Answers
A meridian of longitude is an imaginary line that runs
a. Parallel to the Arctic Circle
b. Parallels to the Tropic of Cancer
c. From the North Pole to the South Pole
d. From the Prime Meridian to the International Date Line
The study of earth and the ways of people live and work on it is called:
a. Geology
c. Geography
b. Topography
d. Archeology
A way of life for a group of people who have shared products is called _______________.
a. values
b. symbol
c. culture
d. folkway
Which term best describes people from other countries who enter the United States to start new lives?
a. Consumers
c. Immigrants
b. Emigrants
d. Refugees
The United States is ALWAYS, ALWAYS, ALWAYS in the ________________ hemisphere.
a. Northeastern
c. Northwestern
b. Southeastern
d. Southwestern
A rotation of the Earth takes one full day, a revolution, however, takes one
a. Year
c. Night
b. Month
d. Week
Flat maps cannot truly represent the exact size or shape of Earth’s features because of
a. Tilt
c. Scale
b. Rotation
d. Distortion
Based on the map provided, which city is located closest to 30˚N and 80˚W?
a. Charlotte
b. Houston
c. Jacksonville
d. Miami
Which of the following is an example of a narrow strip of land connecting two larger landmasses?
a. Greenland
c. Panama
b. Indonesia
d. Hudson
10. Which map feature can be found in BOTH Africa and South America?
a. Prime Meridian
b. Equator
c. Arctic Circle
d. International Date Line
11. Which one of the following is not an example of a point of land extending into a body of water?
a. Cod
c. Canaveral
b. Hudson
d. Good Hope
12. All of the following are major push factors that cause people to leave their home countries except
a. Hunger
c. Violent Conflict
b. Poverty
d. Economic Opportunity
13. What does an economic activity map of a country show?
a. Where its people live
b. What kind of climate it has
c. How high its mountains are
d. How its people make a living
14. Which term means the total value of goods and services a country produces in a year?
a. Consumption
c. Economic Activity
b. Per capita income
d. Gross Domestic Product
15. Hawaii, Japan and Indonesia are all examples of what type of landform?
a. Isthmus
c. Archipelago
b. Atolls
d. Lagoons
16. How many days are there in a leap year?
a. 365 ¼
c. 365
b. 365 ½
d. 366
17. Which of the following states is an example of land surrounded by water on three sides?
a. Maine
c. California
b. Florida
d. Texas
18. What is the main cause of hunger in the world?
a. Poverty
c. Pollution
b. Crop failures
d. Food shortages
19. Cool, cotton shorts provide some relief from high temperatures and humidity. Insect repellent is
definitely a necessity on exposed skin in this region. High, leather boots guard against the thick
undergrowth and the occasional snake that might cross your path. What climate is this?
a. Semi-arid
c. Tropical Humid (Rainforest)
b. Marine West Coast
d. Tundra
20. _______________________ is a large landmass completely surrounded by water.
a. Greenland
c. Florida
b. India
d. Sahara
21. Less than a fifth of Japan is arable land. Which of the following is the best definition of arable land?
a. Land that is flat
c. Land that is forested
b. Land that can be mined
d. Land that can be farmed
22. An example of a deep and narrow gorge with steep sides usually formed by a river is the
________________________ located in Arizona.
a. Great Plains
c. Death Valley
b. Grand Canyon
d. Everglades
23. Which of the following is not a major pull factor drawing people to the United States.
a. Family
c. Freedom
b. Schools
d. Persecution
24. Mediterranean climates are found along the southern coastal areas of what continent?
a. Asia
c. North America
b. Greece
d. Europe
25. Where are the most temperate climates located?
Near the equator
By the oceans
c. In the middle latitudes
d. In the high latitudes
26. What are the areas of tropical grasslands, scattered trees, and shrubs called?
a. Savanna
c. Prairie
b. Steppe
d. Tundra
27. A dry, often sandy region of little rainfall, extreme temperatures, and sparse vegetation is called
a. Steppe
c. Desert
b. Savanna
d. Tundra
28. Which term best describes a country with a high per capita GDP?
a. Developed
c. Rural
b. Developing
d. Urban
29. Name an example of a swamp in the United States.
a. Death Valley
c. Great Plains
b. Gulf of Mexico
d. Everglades
30. Which of the following is not a middle latitude climate?
a. Marine West Coast
c. Humid continental
b. Tropical Humid
d. Mediterranean
31. Which climate region dominates most of the earth’s surface?
a. Arid
c. Temperate
b. Tropical
d. Polar
32. The Ohio River is a __________________________ of the Mississippi River.
a. Estuary
c. Tributary
b. Sea
d. Strait
33. What landform acts as a natural barrier between North Africa and the rest of Africa?
a. Atlas Mountains
c. Sahara
b. Rock of Gibraltar
d. Qattara Depression
34. Into what body of water does the Nile River empty?
a. Mediterranean Sea
b. Red Sea
Suez Canal
Atlantic Ocean
35. Which of the following are the 5 Great Lakes?
a. Michigan, Ohio, Erie, Superior, Hudson c. Okeechobee, Mississippi, Erie, Huron, Salt Lake
b. Ontario, Huron, Erie, Superior, Missouri d. Michigan, Superior, Erie, Huron, Ontario
36. Which of the following will you find on a map that shows physical features?
a. Businesses
c. Landforms
b. Population
d. Vegetation
37. Which one of the following is not a problem caused by global warming?
a. Seas levels will rise
c. Tidal waves
b. Ice caps will melt
d. Flooding
38. Global warming is caused by:
a. Too much carbon dioxide in the air
b. The burning of fossil fuels
39. Only climate with no vegetation
c. Pollution
d. All of the above
b. Ice Cap
c. Tundra
d. Highland
40. St. Petersburg is experiencing an equinox. Which one of the following is not true?
a. Their days and nights are equal in length
b. They are experiencing fall or spring
c. The earth’s axis is pointed either towards or away from the sun
d. The sun’s rays are over the equator
41. Why is the clothing worn in North Africa long and loose?
a. It is required by law.
b. It is ideal for the hot climate.
It is less expensive to produce.
It is a social equalizer.
42. Only found in the Northern Hemisphere where winters vary in length and temperature but bring light
clothing if you plan to stay through the summer’s months. Vegetation includes deciduous and
coniferous trees, mixed forests, and grasslands. Contains 4 seasons.
a. Sub-arctic
c. Humid Continental
b. Humid Subtropical
d. Savanna
43. Which country is not located on the Arabian Peninsula?
a. Qatar
b. Kuwait
44. All dry climate regions share the feature of:
a. Low annual rainfall
b. High elevation
United Arab Emirates
c. Consistent Temperatures
d. Short Grass Vegetation
45. You are planning a trip to Australia. If you want to sunbathe and swim in the ocean, it would be best
to go during
a. January
c. July
b. May
d. October
46. It is April 30th in Los Angeles. What season is it?
a. Fall
c. Summer
b. Spring
d. Winter
47. It is January 21st in Shanghai. What season it is?
a. Fall
c. Summer
b. Spring
d. Winter
48. It is September 30th in Bombay. What season is it in Cape Town, South Africa?
a. Fall
c. Summer
b. Spring
d. Winter
49. Which one of the following cities is not located in the tropics?
a. Santiago
c. Mexico City
b. Jakarta
d. Dakar
50. Which of the following is not a northern hemisphere middle latitude city?
a. Quebec City
c. Bombay
b. London
d. Istanbul
51. It is spring in Istanbul. What season is it in Tehran?
a. Fall
c. Summer
b. Spring
d. Winter
52. The climograph below could represent all of the following cities EXCEPT:
a. Cape Town
c. Santiago
d. Los Angeles
53. Based on the information in the climograph below, where is this city located?
a. Tropics
c. Middle Latitudes
b. Low Latitudes
d. Both a and b are correct
54. Based on the information on the climograph, which observation is not true?
a. There is a wet and dry season.
b. This city is close to the equator.
c. It rains most in the month of
d. This city is located in the southern
Match the city with the appropriate climograph
55. A. Melbourne
B. Mexico City
56. A. Mexico City
B. Cape Town
57. A. Jakarta
B. Capetown
58. A. Dakur
B. Melbourne
A. Capetown
B. Mexico City
Match the clue with the appropriate day (if you were living in the northern hemisphere). Some clues may
have more than one date!
A. around March 22nd
C. around June 21st
B. around September 22nd
D. around December 21st
Longest day of the year
Winter solstice
Shortest day of the year
Summer solstice
Equal hours of day and night A, B
Spring equinox
24 hours of darkness at the North Pole
24 hours of darkness at the South Pole
Direct rays of sun at 23 ½  South latitude
Direct rays of sun at 23 ½  North latitude
Fall equinox
Direct rays of sun at equator A, B
A, B
A, B
The Appalachian Mountains run down the West Coast of the United States._F, Rockies___
The United States and Canada make up 90% of the North America._T___
The Rocky Mountains stretch from New Mexico to Canada._T___
The Continental Divide separates North America’s rivers into those flowing eastward and those
flowing westward.__T__
76. The Hawaiian Islands are active volcanoes that are submerged._F, above water__
77. What two continents are found entirely in the Western hemisphere?
North and South America
78. Lines of Latitude & Longitude cross to form a ____Grid________ system which helps find us find
_______absolute_______ Location of a place.
79. Lines of Longitude are also called _____meridians____________ and run from the ____North Pole___
to the ____South Pole__.
80. Lines of Latitude are also called ______parallels_____ and completely circle the globe. They do NOT
81. What two lines divide the earth into the eastern and western hemisphere? Prime Meridian,
International Date Line
Directions: Write the name of the continent within its borders and label the oceans that are
surrounding it. See Answers at end of review guide.
88. Define archipelago and list three examples of archipelagoes found in the world. Chain of islands.
Hawaii, Indonesia, Japan
89. List 3 countries in the world that are islands. Japan, Indonesia, Philippines.
90. Name the factor that most strongly influences climate. Latitude
91. Which area receives the most solar energy in a year? Equator
How many days does it take the earth to make one revolution around the sun? 365 ¼
93. At what degree angle is the earth tilted? 23 ½
94. What two forms does the sun’s energy reach earth? Heat, Light
95. Identify on the map: core,
urban fringe, rural fringe
Core- A
Urban Fringe-B
Rural Fringe- C
96. Where each are found in
Bowling Green?
Urban Fringe- Alvaton (other
surrounding urban areas)
Rural Fringe- Oakland (other
surrounding rural areas)
97.Where are the suburbs
mostly like to be found? Towns such as Alvaton and Rich Pond that are on
the outskirts of town.
Define the following essential vocabulary:
Developed country- high GDP, high literacy rate, low infant mortality rate, high life expectancy.
Urban core- center of town, usually the oldest part.
Urban fringe- just outside the core.
Life expectancy- length of time people are expected to live.
Suburbs- Area outside the urban core, also urban fringe.
Metropolitan- major city
Urban sprawl- spreading from the urban core to the rural areas.
Relative location- tells where a place is in relation to another place.
Absolute location- exact location of a place based on grid coordinates.
Immigrants- people who come into a country.
Emigrants- people who leave a country.
Biodiversity- the different number of species of plant and animal life, as well as their habitats.
Zero population growth- amount of births is equal to number of deaths.
Negative population growth- amount of births is lower than the amount of deaths.
One child policy- in China, policy stating families can only have one child to reduce population
Special economic zones- areas in China where foreigners can start businesses without being under
the rule of the government.
Demography- study of population and population patterns.
Fertility rate- average number of children that would be born to a woman over her lifetime
98. What are 3 ways Japan deals with its lack of space and high population density? Building up, smaller
hotel rooms, hiring people to push travelers on to the public transportation systems.
List 3 pull factors - Education, Freedom, Job Opportunities
100. List 3 push factors - Persecution, War, Poverty
Africa, borders Atlantic and Indian Oceans.
Antarctica, borders Pacific, Atlantic, and Indian Oceans
Asia, borders Pacific, Arctic, and Indian Oceans.
Australia, surrounded by Pacific and Indian Oceans.
Europe, borders Atlantic and Arctic Oceans.
South America, borders Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.