# Map Skills

```Map Skills
The Geographer’s Grid &amp;
Latitude/Longitude
important lines on “Geographer’s Grid”
Equator Runs East and West
divides Earth into Northern and Southern
Hemispheres

Prime Meridian
Runs North and South
Divides Earth into Eastern and Western
Hemispheres

What is a
hemisphere?

One half of the Earth.

Tropic of Cancer –
 23.5&deg; North of Equator
 Sun’s most northern location
occurring on June 21st
The Tropics

Tropic of Capricorn –
 23.5&deg; South of Equator
 Sun’s most southern location
occurring on December 21st
 Watch: Earth Sun
Relationships Video
The Polar Circles

Arctic Circle –
 66.5&deg; North of the Equator
 begins the North polar region

Antarctic Circle –
◦ 66.5&deg; South of the Equator
◦ begins South polar regions
What is “Latitude
and Longitude”?
•It is a grid for finding your
location on the Earth.
Like “X and Y” from the
grid in math class,
like a football field,
or like the game
“Battleship”
Latitude
“Flatitude”


Run East/ West
parallel to Equator
Measures North and South
◦ Furthest North = 90
degrees North latitude
◦ Furthest South = 90
degrees South latitude
Important lines of Latitude:
1. Equator
2. Tropic of Cancer
3. Tropic of Capricorn
4. Arctic Circle
5. Antarctic Circle
Longitude






Run north/ south
Measures East and
West
There are 180 degrees
of East longitude
and 180 degrees of
West longitude
Total = 360 degree
circle
All lines meet at
North Pole and South
Pole
How do you use Latitude and