Chapter 5: Rizal and His Childhood Years at Calamba Calamba June 19, 1861 Father Rufino Collantes Pedro Casanas Don Francisco and Donya Teodora Siblings Domingo Lamco Ines dela Rosa Mercado Juan Mercado Cirila Alejandrino Manuel de Quintos Regina Ursua Lorenzo Alberto Alonso Principalia Class or Ilustrado Situated as if in closed in a valley between Laguna de Bay and Mt. Makiling. Very rich in nature An agricultural town with the specialization in the production of sugar. Owned by the Dominican friars. Its beauty became an inspiration for his poetic and artistic sensibilities. Birth date of Dr. Jose Rizal Baptized Rizal at the Calamba Catholic Church Rizal’s godfather Rizal’s parents 1. Saturnina 2. Paciano 3. Narcisa 4. Olimpia 5. Lucia 6. Maria 7. Rizal 8. Concepcion 9. Josefa 10. Trinidad 11. Soledad Rizal’s great grandfather from his father side Chinese merchant Rizal’s great grandmother from his father side Wealthy Chinese mestiza Domingo Lamco assumed this surname in keeping with the gubernatorial decree of Narciso Claveria on the use of Spanish surnames in the Philippines by all Spanish subjects in the colony and to free themselves and their children from the prejudices associated with a Chinese surname. Rizal’s grandfather from his father side. Rizal’s grandmother from his father side. Chinese-Filipino mestiza Rizal’s great grandfather from his mother’s side. Chinese mestizo Rizal’s great grandmother from his mother’s side. Has Japanese-ancestry. Brigida married him and had five children, one of them was Rizal’s mother. Rank where Rizal’s family belonged. Middle class Affluence of Rizal’s family Colegio de San Jose Described him as a model father Colegio de Santa Rosa Described her as… Father Leoncio Lopez Concepcion The Story of the Moth and the Flame Donya Teodora Sa Aking Kabata Or To My Fellow Children First Taste of Injustice Stone house of abode and hardwood Ownership of carriage and horses A home library Presence of personal servants taking care of the needs of the children. Private tutoring of the children Where Don Francisco Mercado took coursed in Latin and Philosophy. Honesty Frugality Industry Where Donya Teodora completed her education. Disciplinarian Woman of more than average education A woman of culture and religion A sacrificing and industrious housewife. The parish priest of Calamba Made young Rizal the need to develop a sound philosophy of life. From him, Rizal learned the value of scholarship and intellectual honesty. Concha Her death was Rizal’s first sorrow Left a deep impression on Rizal. The moth died a victim of its illusion in its search for the light. Can be considered as Rizal’s biography because like the Moth, Rizal died in search for the lights of truth, freedom and justice. Rizal’s first teacher who told him to express his feelings through verses. First poem he wrote when he was eight years old. Shows that even in an early age, it shows that he had a concept of nationalism. Shows how much he loves his native language. The message of this poem is that children should love their native language. Began when his uncle, Jose Alberto discovered the infidelity of his wife and decided to divorce her. Rizal’s mother convinced him to forgive his wife and start over. Although his uncle was persuaded, his uncle’s wife conspired with the Spanish lieutenant of the Guardia Civil by saying that Donya Teodora tried to poison her. She was arrested for two and a half years. She was freed by Governor-General Izquierdo as a result of the El Filibusterismo Maestro Celestino Lucas Padua Leon Monroy request of young Soledad, whose graceful dancing charmed the him and his guest. Dedicated this book to the memory of Gomburza. Rizal’s first private tutor Rizal’s second tutor Rizal’s third tutor A former classmate of his teacher. Helped Rizal develop his skills in reading, writing and the rudiments of Latin Chapter 6: Formal Schooling at a Village School Binan Paciano Leandro Where Rizal went to study Accompanied him in his trip on board a carromata. Rizal’s cousin who showed him around the town which cause him to feel homesick. Maestro Justiniano Cruz Rizal’s teacher in Binan Pedro Son of Maestro Cruz who made fun of Rizal, who challenged Rizal to an arm wrestling match and lost. He did not enjoy his schooling under maestro Cruz although he considered him an expert in Latin and Spanish grammars. He detested the use of corporal punishment in making the pupils learn the lesson for the day, which was highlighted in his novel in Noli me Tangere. Old Juancho Rizal took painting lessons under Maestro Cruz’s father-in-law. Gave him free lessons in painting and drawing. December 17,1870 Rizal when back to Calamba after receiving a letter from Saturnina. Talim The steamship he rode home to go back home. Chapter 7: Formal Search for Knowledge at Ateneo Municipal Ateneo Municipal June 10, 1879 Reasons for Rizal’s Entry to Ateneo School he entered when he was 11 years old, four months after the execution of Gomburza. Formerly known as Escuela Pia Rival of Colegio de San Juan de Letran. Most prestigious college for boys owing to its great teachers. Day Rizal took the entrance examination at Colegio de San Juan de Letran. He was a late registrant He was very frail and undersized for his age. The college registrar, Father Magin Fernando was at first very firm in denying his admission until Manuel Bachiller en Artes Roman Empire Carthaginian Empire Emperor Ratio Studiorum Ad majorem Dei gloriam Sodality of Our Lady and Apostleship of Prayer Academy of Spanish Literature and Academy of Natural Sciences Father Francisco Paula de Sanchez Convent School of Santa Isabel Agustin Saez Romualdo de Jesus Tio Manuel Mi Primera Inspiracion Un Recuerdo de Mi Pueblo Al Nino Jesus Alianza Intima Entre Religion y La Buena Educacion Por La Educacion Recibe Lustre la Patria Burgos’ intervention. Academic title in Ateneo Highest honor The boarding students at Ateneo One of the two competing empires. Non-boarding students of Ateneo. One of the two competing empires. A title given to the brightest in the class. A system of indoctrination under tight and constant discipline with every incentive of compensation and reward. For the greater glory of God. Aim of Atenean education. Rizal’s extra-curricular activities at Ateneo. Religious confraternities at Ateneo. Academic societies for students who excelled in literature and the sciences. Helped him develop his skills in poetry writing. Where he took special lessons in Spanish. His painting mentor His mentor in sculpture Helped him develop his weak and frail body. Thought him gymnastics and fencing. My First Inspiration The first poem he wrote as a student. Dedicated to his mother on the occasion of the latter’s natal day. In Memory of My Town Creating this poem was his way of paying homage to his birthplace. To the Child Jesus Ode he written when he was 14 years old. His expression of his devotion to Catholicism which was implanted his mother and was strength by his schooling in Ateneo. The Intimate Alliance Between Religion and Good Education Where he stressed the importance of religion to education. Education not centered on God cannot be considered true education. Religion serves as a guide and nourishment of true education. Through education the Country Receives Light Where he compared Education to a lighthouse that guide people in their behaviors and actions. His message was that people should seek knowledge so we can be enlightened individuals. Chapter 8: Rizal at the Dominican University of the Philippines Paciano Discouraged him to pursue law because he will not be able to practice the profession later due to the political conditions in the country Philosophy and Letters Course he enrolled on his freshman year. Course his father wanted him to pursue. Father Raman Pablo The rector of Ateneo Told Rizal to take up medicine. Shifted to Medicine after his freshman year, because it was advised by Father Ramon and to cure his mother’s failing eyesight. He did not enjoy his schooling in UST. Factors for his mediocre academic Medicine was not his desired course. performance Dissatisfaction with the Dominican system of education. Exciting distraction of youth Father Millon and Placido Penitente Characters in El Filibusterismo that showed how in science was done in the university and how Spanish professors treated Filipinos who have the potential to excel in class. Segundina Katigbak First infatuation from Batangas, but turned the other way when she was to be married. Leonor or Orang Valenzuela The two girls he was courting at the same time. And Leonor Rivera Influx of liberal ideas can be attributed Ending of the Spanish Civil Wars to the… The opening of Suez Canal The opening of the Philippines to world trade. Liceo Artistico Literario de Manila An organization of art lovers in the city conducted regular competition in literary writing. A La Juventud Filipina Written when Rizal was eighteen years old. His entry in 1879 and won the grand prize which was a silver quill for demonstrating his prowess in poetry. It was the first great poem in Spanish written by a Filipino recognized by Spanish authorities. It was the first expression of the nationalistic concept that the Filipinos were the fair hope of the motherland (Mi Patria), which earned him the title as the first Filipino. El Consejo de los Dioses Play he written in the literary contest of 1880, It was an allegory in praise of Cervantes as a co-equal of Homer and Virgil. Junto al Pasig A Filipinas Indio or Chongo Kastila or Bangus Companerismo Companions of Jehu Jose Rizal Galiciano Apacible Governor-General Primo de Rivera Reasons for Rizal’s Departure to Europe Was the best entry in the competition that year, but when they realized it was written by a Filipino they gave the prize to the Spaniards. Proves that the Filipinos can compete with other races in fair play. A one-act play written by Rizal at the request of the Jesuits and was staged at Ateneo in connection with the celebration o the Feast Day of Immaculate Conception. Can be considered as a prophecy of 50 years of revolution, invasion after invasion, defeat, subjugation and civil tumult. A sonnet written by Rizal in 1880 Written to praise the Philippines for its beauty and to encourage Filipino artists to glorify the country through their art works. Spanish and mestizo students labeled the Filipinos. Filipinos students labeled the Spanish and mestizos. A secret society of Filipino students organized by Rizal. The patriot general of Jews. Members of Companerismo called themselves. President of the secret society. Secretary of the secret society. The governor-general during the time Rizal was punished for not greeting the lieutenant of the Guardia Civil. To continue his studies in medicine. To make a name for himself in the realm of journalism To observe and study European society To prepare himself in the realm of journalism for the liberating the Filipinos from the Spanish tyranny.