Chapter 5: Rizal and His Childhood Years at Calamba Calamba

Chapter 5: Rizal and His Childhood Years at Calamba
June 19, 1861
Father Rufino Collantes
Pedro Casanas
Don Francisco and Donya Teodora
Domingo Lamco
Ines dela Rosa
Juan Mercado
Cirila Alejandrino
Manuel de Quintos
Regina Ursua
Lorenzo Alberto Alonso
Principalia Class or Ilustrado
Situated as if in closed in a valley between Laguna de
Bay and Mt. Makiling.
Very rich in nature
An agricultural town with the specialization in the
production of sugar.
Owned by the Dominican friars.
Its beauty became an inspiration for his poetic and
artistic sensibilities.
Birth date of Dr. Jose Rizal
Baptized Rizal at the Calamba Catholic Church
Rizal’s godfather
Rizal’s parents
1. Saturnina
2. Paciano
3. Narcisa
4. Olimpia
5. Lucia
6. Maria
7. Rizal
8. Concepcion
9. Josefa
10. Trinidad
11. Soledad
Rizal’s great grandfather from his father side
Chinese merchant
Rizal’s great grandmother from his father side
Wealthy Chinese mestiza
Domingo Lamco assumed this surname in keeping with
the gubernatorial decree of Narciso Claveria on the
use of Spanish surnames in the Philippines by all
Spanish subjects in the colony and to free themselves
and their children from the prejudices associated with
a Chinese surname.
Rizal’s grandfather from his father side.
Rizal’s grandmother from his father side.
Chinese-Filipino mestiza
Rizal’s great grandfather from his mother’s side.
Chinese mestizo
Rizal’s great grandmother from his mother’s side.
Has Japanese-ancestry.
Brigida married him and had five children, one of them
was Rizal’s mother.
Rank where Rizal’s family belonged.
Middle class
Affluence of Rizal’s family
Colegio de San Jose
Described him as a model father
Colegio de Santa Rosa
Described her as…
Father Leoncio Lopez
The Story of the Moth and the Flame
Donya Teodora
Sa Aking Kabata
To My Fellow Children
First Taste of Injustice
Stone house of abode and hardwood
Ownership of carriage and horses
A home library
Presence of personal servants taking care of the needs
of the children.
Private tutoring of the children
Where Don Francisco Mercado took coursed in Latin
and Philosophy.
Where Donya Teodora completed her education.
Woman of more than average education
A woman of culture and religion
A sacrificing and industrious housewife.
The parish priest of Calamba
Made young Rizal the need to develop a sound
philosophy of life.
From him, Rizal learned the value of scholarship and
intellectual honesty.
Her death was Rizal’s first sorrow
Left a deep impression on Rizal.
The moth died a victim of its illusion in its search for
the light.
Can be considered as Rizal’s biography because like
the Moth, Rizal died in search for the lights of truth,
freedom and justice.
Rizal’s first teacher who told him to express his
feelings through verses.
First poem he wrote when he was eight years old.
Shows that even in an early age, it shows that he had a
concept of nationalism.
Shows how much he loves his native language.
The message of this poem is that children should love
their native language.
Began when his uncle, Jose Alberto discovered the
infidelity of his wife and decided to divorce her. Rizal’s
mother convinced him to forgive his wife and start
over. Although his uncle was persuaded, his uncle’s
wife conspired with the Spanish lieutenant of the
Guardia Civil by saying that Donya Teodora tried to
poison her.
She was arrested for two and a half years. She was
freed by Governor-General Izquierdo as a result of the
El Filibusterismo
Maestro Celestino
Lucas Padua
Leon Monroy
request of young Soledad, whose graceful dancing
charmed the him and his guest.
Dedicated this book to the memory of Gomburza.
Rizal’s first private tutor
Rizal’s second tutor
Rizal’s third tutor
A former classmate of his teacher.
Helped Rizal develop his skills in reading, writing and
the rudiments of Latin
Chapter 6: Formal Schooling at a Village School
Where Rizal went to study
Accompanied him in his trip on board a carromata.
Rizal’s cousin who showed him around the town which
cause him to feel homesick.
Maestro Justiniano Cruz
 Rizal’s teacher in Binan
 Son of Maestro Cruz who made fun of Rizal, who
challenged Rizal to an arm wrestling match and lost.
 He did not enjoy his schooling under maestro Cruz although he considered him an expert in
Latin and Spanish grammars.
 He detested the use of corporal punishment in making the pupils learn the lesson for the day,
which was highlighted in his novel in Noli me Tangere.
Old Juancho
 Rizal took painting lessons under Maestro Cruz’s
 Gave him free lessons in painting and drawing.
December 17,1870
 Rizal when back to Calamba after receiving a letter
from Saturnina.
 The steamship he rode home to go back home.
Chapter 7: Formal Search for Knowledge at Ateneo Municipal
Ateneo Municipal
June 10, 1879
Reasons for Rizal’s Entry to Ateneo
School he entered when he was 11 years old, four
months after the execution of Gomburza.
Formerly known as Escuela Pia
Rival of Colegio de San Juan de Letran.
Most prestigious college for boys owing to its great
Day Rizal took the entrance examination at Colegio de
San Juan de Letran.
He was a late registrant
He was very frail and undersized for his age.
The college registrar, Father Magin Fernando was at
first very firm in denying his admission until Manuel
Bachiller en Artes
Roman Empire
Carthaginian Empire
Ratio Studiorum
Ad majorem Dei gloriam
Sodality of Our Lady
and Apostleship of Prayer
Academy of Spanish Literature and
Academy of Natural Sciences
Father Francisco Paula de Sanchez
Convent School of Santa Isabel
Agustin Saez
Romualdo de Jesus
Tio Manuel
Mi Primera Inspiracion
Un Recuerdo de Mi Pueblo
Al Nino Jesus
Alianza Intima Entre Religion y La
Buena Educacion
Por La Educacion Recibe Lustre la
Burgos’ intervention.
Academic title in Ateneo
Highest honor
The boarding students at Ateneo
One of the two competing empires.
Non-boarding students of Ateneo.
One of the two competing empires.
A title given to the brightest in the class.
A system of indoctrination under tight and constant
discipline with every incentive of compensation and
For the greater glory of God.
Aim of Atenean education.
Rizal’s extra-curricular activities at Ateneo.
Religious confraternities at Ateneo.
Academic societies for students who excelled in
literature and the sciences.
Helped him develop his skills in poetry writing.
Where he took special lessons in Spanish.
His painting mentor
His mentor in sculpture
Helped him develop his weak and frail body.
Thought him gymnastics and fencing.
My First Inspiration
The first poem he wrote as a student.
Dedicated to his mother on the occasion of the latter’s
natal day.
In Memory of My Town
Creating this poem was his way of paying homage to
his birthplace.
To the Child Jesus
Ode he written when he was 14 years old.
His expression of his devotion to Catholicism which
was implanted his mother and was strength by his
schooling in Ateneo.
The Intimate Alliance Between Religion and Good
Where he stressed the importance of religion to
Education not centered on God cannot be considered
true education.
Religion serves as a guide and nourishment of true
Through education the Country Receives Light
Where he compared Education to a lighthouse that
guide people in their behaviors and actions.
His message was that people should seek knowledge
so we can be enlightened individuals.
Chapter 8: Rizal at the Dominican University of the Philippines
Discouraged him to pursue law because he will not be
able to practice the profession later due to the political
conditions in the country
Philosophy and Letters
 Course he enrolled on his freshman year.
 Course his father wanted him to pursue.
Father Raman Pablo
 The rector of Ateneo
 Told Rizal to take up medicine.
 Shifted to Medicine after his freshman year, because it was advised by Father Ramon and to
cure his mother’s failing eyesight.
 He did not enjoy his schooling in UST.
Factors for his mediocre academic
 Medicine was not his desired course.
 Dissatisfaction with the Dominican system of
 Exciting distraction of youth
Father Millon and Placido Penitente
 Characters in El Filibusterismo that showed how in
science was done in the university and how Spanish
professors treated Filipinos who have the potential to
excel in class.
Segundina Katigbak
 First infatuation from Batangas, but turned the other
way when she was to be married.
Leonor or Orang Valenzuela
 The two girls he was courting at the same time.
Leonor Rivera
Influx of liberal ideas can be attributed
 Ending of the Spanish Civil Wars
to the…
 The opening of Suez Canal
 The opening of the Philippines to world trade.
Liceo Artistico Literario de Manila
 An organization of art lovers in the city conducted
regular competition in literary writing.
A La Juventud Filipina
 Written when Rizal was eighteen years old.
 His entry in 1879 and won the grand prize which was a
silver quill for demonstrating his prowess in poetry.
 It was the first great poem in Spanish written by a
Filipino recognized by Spanish authorities.
 It was the first expression of the nationalistic concept
that the Filipinos were the fair hope of the motherland
(Mi Patria), which earned him the title as the first
El Consejo de los Dioses
 Play he written in the literary contest of 1880,
 It was an allegory in praise of Cervantes as a co-equal
of Homer and Virgil.
Junto al Pasig
A Filipinas
Indio or Chongo
Kastila or Bangus
Companions of Jehu
Jose Rizal
Galiciano Apacible
Governor-General Primo de Rivera
Reasons for Rizal’s Departure to
Was the best entry in the competition that year, but
when they realized it was written by a Filipino they
gave the prize to the Spaniards.
Proves that the Filipinos can compete with other races
in fair play.
A one-act play written by Rizal at the request of the
Jesuits and was staged at Ateneo in connection with
the celebration o the Feast Day of Immaculate
Can be considered as a prophecy of 50 years of
revolution, invasion after invasion, defeat, subjugation
and civil tumult.
A sonnet written by Rizal in 1880
Written to praise the Philippines for its beauty and to
encourage Filipino artists to glorify the country
through their art works.
Spanish and mestizo students labeled the Filipinos.
Filipinos students labeled the Spanish and mestizos.
A secret society of Filipino students organized by Rizal.
The patriot general of Jews.
Members of Companerismo called themselves.
President of the secret society.
Secretary of the secret society.
The governor-general during the time Rizal was
punished for not greeting the lieutenant of the
Guardia Civil.
To continue his studies in medicine.
To make a name for himself in the realm of journalism
To observe and study European society
To prepare himself in the realm of journalism for the
liberating the Filipinos from the Spanish tyranny.