PEIC powerpoint on GPPAC OAS policy to practice

Global Partnership for the Prevention of Armed Conflict
The Organization of American States’:
Capacity Building in Conflict Resolution and Peace
Education with Ministries of Education
November 1, 2013
Presented by: Jennifer Batton, M.A., Co-Chair Peace Education Working Group, Global
Partnership for the Prevention of Armed Conflict; Advisory Board of the Inter-American Program
on Education for Democratic Values and Practices, The Organization of American States
(Some powerpoint slides are replicated from my webinar for the Organization of American States, Building Capacity in Education Around
the Globe: Conflict Resolution Strategies and Resources for Schools, August 29th, 2013)
What is Conflict Resolution
Who is GPPAC?
Policy to Practice Government/CSO partnerships:
Afghanistan, Australia, Costa Rica, Ghana, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan,
Lebanon, Montenegro & Serbia, Philippines, Trinidad &
Tobago, St. Lucia, St.Vincent, Ukraine
Government/CSO partnerships - Lessons Learned
Conflict Resolution Education
Models and teaches, in culturally meaningful ways,
processes, practices, and skills that help address individual,
interpersonal and institutional conflicts, and create safe and
welcoming communities.
This helps individuals understand conflict and empowers
them to use communication and critical thinking to build
relationships and manage and resolve conflicts fairly and
(Association for Conflict Resolution, 2002)
Resource: United States Institute of Peace Glossary of Terms for Conflict Management
and Peacebuilding
Sample Introduction to Basic
Conflict Resolution Skills
Understand the Nature of Conflict
Conflict Styles
Basic Needs
Emotions and Conflict
Cycle of Conflict
Conflict Escalation
Steps for Handling Emotions, Anger
Effective Communication Skills
Active Listening, Effective use of Questions
Verbal and Non-verbal Skills
Problem Solving
Positions v. Interests
Evaluating and Selecting Options
Global Partnership for the Prevention of
Armed Conflict (GPPAC)
Member led network - 1000+ Civil Society Organizations
(Peace Ed. Working Group Members Include: Government,
Colleges/Universities and CSOs)
All world regions
Inter-American Program on Education for
Democratic Values and Practices
Program Mission: Promote democratic values
and practices through education, through 1)
research, 2) professional development, and 3)
information exchange on education for
democratic citizenship
Peace/Conflict Resolution
Education Working Group
Start - 2006 European Centre for Conflict Prevention conference at UN in New York.
Peace/Conflict Resolution Education (largest working group/ all world regions represented.
Unique - government and NGO partners with policies/legislation in peace education.
GPPAC's Peace Education Working Group Regions: Eastern and Central Africa, Eastern Europe,
Middle East and North Africa, North America, Northeast Asia, Southeast Asia, South Asia, West Africa
and Western Balkans.
Mission: Peace Education Working Group brings together civil society, peace education practitioners,
academia and representatives of Ministries of Education or relevant government agencies, creating a
global multi-stakeholder platform active in:
Building the capacity of peace educators, teachers, and civil society organizations;
Lobbying/Partnering with Ministries of Education or their government equivalents to endorse and
support peace education in national curricula;
Exchanging materials, manuals, curricula, learning modules and lessons learned around peace
Maintaining and developing a network of organizations and individuals engaged with peace
education to support mutual action learning around peace education.
International policy meetings: Convened government and
NGO/IGO partners w/policies/legislation
Goal: Examine best practices in infrastructure development and
develop action plans to move policy to practice on national/state scale.
2005 – (U.S.) Co-hosts: ECCP/GPPAC, UN
2007 – (U.S.) Co-hosts: OAS, UNDP, GPPAC
2009 – (U.S.) Co-hosts: OAS, GPPAC, CASEL
2010 – (Costa Rica) Co-hosts: Ministry of Ed., OAS, GPPAC
Reports available on-line at:
Create and/or Operationalize Policies – including integration into curriculum
standards: Australia, Costa Rica, Kenya, Montenegro and Serbia (joint agreement),
Philippines, Ukraine, United States, and more…
Curriculum Development and Implementation: Australia, Ghana, Japan, Kenya,
Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Philippines, South Korea, Serbia and Montenegro, Ukraine,
and more…
Hundreds of regional/national/international trainings for Teachers, Administrators,
Parents, Community Members, Government
Global Legislation, Mandates, and
Peace Education
 Multi-Cultural Education
 Democracy Education
 Bullying prevention
 Democracy Education
 Social and Emotional Learning
 Violence Prevention
 Safe Schools
 Character Education/Values Education
(U.S.) Education Commission of the States (search by topic)
Global Conflict Resolution Education Conference Presentations (search by
country name)
Policies and Procedures
Shared Goals
Structures and Systems
Habits of Mind and Heart
Adapted by Marina Piscolish from Ellen Raider 1987
Institute for International Conflict and
Cooperation, Teachers College, Columbia University,
Comprehensive Model:
Curriculum Integration
Language Arts /Languages
 Speaking
 Listening
 Critical Thinking
 Negotiation
 Perception
 Feelings/Emotions
 Communication
Social Studies/History
 Role Play Mediations
 Evaluating News Articles/Points
of View
 Practice Governance Models
 Problem Solving
 Diversity
Also, Math, Arts, Guidance Counseling
Physical Education, Health Education
Adapted from Dr. Kathy Bickmore’s CURRICULAR INFUSION AND INTEGRATION, Conflict
Resolution, Decision Making, and Critical Thinking in “Academic” Subject Areas, 1998.
Policy: Kyrgyzstan
Partners: Center for Social Integration Policy
(GPPAC), American University of Central Asia,
Ministry of Education, UNICEF.
Trainers: GPPAC USA , GPPAC Ukraine, GPPAC Kyrgyzstan
Goal: Integrate peace/conflict resolution education into multicultural education/arts/social
studies standards for primary and secondary grades, create curriculum and integrate related
pedagogy into the classroom.
Sample method: 1) Review where the skills already fit within the current standards; 2)
Translate related curriculum from other languages as samples for review; 3) Train Kyrgyz and
Russian speaking school personnel and administrators in the skills of conflict resolution
education, positive discipline/related pedagogy, evaluation; 4) Have the Kyrgyz/Russian
educators create and adapt the sample curriculum and methodologies.
Integration into Curriculum Standards
Multi-cultural Education
(Kyrgyzstan, Australia)
 Democracy Education
(Americas: OAS Members)
 Social Studies/History (Kyrgyzstan, U.S.A.)
 Graduation, Reality, and Dual-Role Skills (Teen Mothers)
Health Education
Educational Leadership/Training Administrators
Language Arts
Arts (Kyrgyzstan)
Peace Education Standards for the Ministry of Education of
Afghanistan: GPPAC Contributors
Prepared by: Suraya Sadeed, Help the Afghan Children
GPPAC Members and/or GPPAC Partner Contributors, Reviewers, Editors:
Francis Acquah-Aikins, individual reviewer, works for West Africa Network for Peacebuilding, Ghana
Jennifer Batton, M.A., Director, Global Issues Resource Center, Cuyahoga Community College, United
Loreta Castro, Ph.D. Executive Director, Center for Peace Education, Miriam College, Philippines
Yamileth Chavez, National Advisory for English, Department of Graduate and Diversity Education, Ministry
of Public Education, Costa Rica
Ivana Gajovic, Director of Nansen Dialogue Centre Montenegro/Global Partnership for the Prevention of
Armed Conflict, Aleksandra Kalezic, Ministry of Education, Serbia, and Branka Kankaras, Ministry of
Education, Montenegro, Montenegro and Serbia
Lenore Yaffe Garcia, Director, and Romina Kasman, Coordinator, Office of Education and Culture,
Organization of American States
Luisita Peralta, Department of Education, Bureau of Secondary Education, Curriculum Division, Philippines
Staff, Multicultural Education and Global Citizenship, Department of Education and Early Childhood
Development, Victoria, Australia
Balkan Sunflowers, Nongovernmental organization, Kosovo
Sample Afghanistan Peace Education
Sample Learning Competency: Demonstrate conflict resolution skills (understanding conflict,
understanding how emotions influence conflict, using effective communication skills, and problem
Sample descriptors:
Understanding conflict (7)
Describe the difference between violence and conflict.
Understanding the Role Emotions Play in Conflict (10)
Identify strategies for effectively managing anger.
Discuss and demonstrate effective ways of dealing with stress.
Identify skills that enhance empathy, Demonstrate empathy in a conflict situation
Using Effective Communication Skills (11)
Practice de-escalation techniques
Practice using assertive responses
Problem Solving (7)
Demonstrate ability to apply decision making model by identifying problems, generate
creative list of potential solutions, analyze and select options, generate and assess solutions.
Afghanistan Peace Education Standards Prepared by Dr. Suraya Sadeed, Help the Afghan Children
Policy: Ukraine
Support the implementation of Culture of Neighborhood in Crimea and
Ukraine created and implemented by Tavrida National Vernadsky University
Approved by Ministry of Education and Science, Autonomous Republic of Crimea (2005
– 2007).
Course recommended throughout the territory of Ukraine. 1.4/18-306 from 12.06.2007
Orders issued by Ministry of Education of Crimea - #314 from 01.07.2009 –
recommendation to implement widely in educational institutions of AR of Crimea
07.05.2009 - Course recommended to be implemented widely by enactment of
interdepartmental council of law enforcement agencies and authorities of AR Crimea on
the issues of law observance in the field of interethnic and interreligious relations.
Partner with: Ministry of Education of Moldova, Transniestria (unrecognized
state, part of Moldova), Ministry of Education and Science in Autonomous
Republic of Crimea, Permanent Committee on Science and Education of the
Information Provided by GPPAC PEWG Member - Dr. Iryna Brunova–Kalisetska, Tavrida National Vernadsky University
Policy: Philippines
“We want peace education to be holistic and effective in its desire to
help in social transformation.”
- Dr. Loreta Castro, Center for Peace Education, Miriam College, Philippines
"Institutionalization of Peace Education in Basic Education and
Teacher Education“ - Presidential Executive Order 570 (Year 2006)
 States that Peace Education should be taught in in-service as well as
teacher training institutions.
 Promotes Peace Education in public and private elementary and high
 Current Status - implementation by the government is not systematic
and is uneven across regions. Miriam College hosted 3 training workshops
(through 2010) for educators and Ministry of Education officers, in conflict
resolution and peace education to support teacher training funded by the
Global Partnership for the Prevention of Armed Conflict (GPPAC)
Information Provided by GPPAC PEWG Member - Dr. Loreta Castro, Center for Peace Education, Miriam College, Philippines
Implementation Example: Philippines
and Lebanon
Philippines Focus - Whole School Approach (Method – Teacher Training
through Miriam College) Infuse peace and conflict resolution in all aspects of life
of the school. Curriculum; Student Programming - conflict resolution training for
students, peace clubs; School-wide - restorative discipline policy, participatory
decision-making structures; Pedagogy - faculty development on peace and conflict
resolution; Community - service learning, solidarity actions, advocacy of peace
Lebanon Focus – Permanent Peace Movement. Peace education project with
German Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Lebanese Ministry of Education, adapting
peace education curriculum and modules to Lebanese context, creating
peace education standards, providing workshops and summer camps for
teenagers/young adults and Ministry of Education, and helping students create their
own documentaries and films about the civil war.
Information Provided by GPPAC PEWG Members – Grace Ghaleb, Permanent Peace Movement, Lebanon
and Dr. Loreta Castro, Miriam College, Philippines
Montenegro and Serbia
General Law on Education in Montenegro, with special emphasis on Article 9b,
proposing school mediation as alternative dispute resolution tool, from 2010,
reflects one of the 8 Recommendations adopted in the Declaration on
Collaboration between Ministries of Education in Montenegro and Serbia on Peace
Education which was signed in 2009.
Example of cooperation between practitioners and the Ministry representatives
who recognized the need to integrate Peace education into legal frameworks.
Information Provided by GPPAC PEWG Members - Ivana Gajovic and Dragana Sarengaca, Nansen Dialogue Centre,
Trinidad and Tobago, St.Vincent, St. Lucia:
An Inter-Sectoral Approach to Fostering a Democratic
Culture in Schools and Local Communities in the Caribbean
Develop and sustain democratic culture in schools and local communities in 3
countries through training in Conflict Resolution Education, Service Learning, and
Student Government.
Partnership between: Ministry of Education, Ministry of Local Government, Global
Issues Resource Center (GIRC) and consultants.
Lessons Learned: Successful Partnerships with
Ministries of Education/Government
Involve Ministries in activities, design, implementation and keep informed at all stages.
Give government partners credit.
Programs part of a broader systematic response and in context – don’t sell specific
Be flexible - Work across issues (Example: bullying doesn’t occur in isolation from
other factors).
Use and be familiar with governmental language, political climate, and processes
(Example: Peace Education v Social and Emotional v Conflict Resolution).
Lobby politicians. Pre-election is best. Government education bodies have to deliver
on many ideas that were developed as pre-election promises when politicians are
looking for ideas.
Collaborate with higher education (universities)
Content should be integrated into what already has to be done (curriculum
standards/courses that already exist) instead of an “add on” due mostly to time
Lessons Learned: Successful Partnerships with
Ministries of Education/Government
Have a knowledge and understanding of the policy environment and its breadth
– often linked to learning or teaching outcomes
 Be fluent in processes/government procedures necessary to accomplish task
(expectations regarding what is needed/deadlines, etc.)
 Hire/use staff with direct experience
working in schools as an educator with an
understanding of how schools operate, and an
understanding of the way the curriculum works
 Evaluate programs
 A good reputation is critical
Montenegro &
Education for Peace – Experiences from Practice , Published by Nansen Dialogue Centre Serbia,
Nansen Dialogue Centre Montenegro ,and the GPPAC Western Balkans (2013) Collaboration
between the practitioners working in schools and Ministry representatives from Montenegro
and Serbia.
It contains:
- Concepts of Peace Education (3 articles)
- 23 examples of integration of peace education elements in regular classes and extracurricular activities
- 23 class preparations containing peace education elements for different subjects (math,
language, English language, arts, civic education...)
(Available in Serbian and Montenegrin)
Resources: Australia
Resources for teachers to promote safe and inclusive classrooms and
improve school culture
• Bullystoppers – on-line resource for parents, teachers and principals in
working together to ensure schools are safe and supportive places
• Kids Matter – a mental health and wellbeing framework for primary
schools and early childhood education and care services
• Racism No Way - a national website with resources, information and
lessons -
• Values Education access code AtvKRqfQ – values based resources and
research – Australian specific but includes pedagogy
• Civics and citizenship education
• Together for Humanity - teacher and student quiz and learning modules
for intercultural understanding
Free Resources
Student Programming:
U.S. National Standards for Peer Mediation Programs
Northeast Ohio Juvenile Corrections Officer Pilot Curriculum – Module on “Communication and
Conflict Management” (skills training with powerpoints and skill building activities)
Teacher Engagement Toolkit, sample interactive techniques to use in the classroom
Methodology Guide: A preparation manual for EHL Teachers
International Committee for the Red Cross, Exploring Humanitarian Law (EHL)
Direct link to the Methodology Guide – Free and on-line
Effective Social and Emotional Learning Programs, Preschool and Elementary School Edition,
2013 by the Collaborative for Academic Social and Emotional Learning -
“For Researchers” section on web page you can
access evaluation tools, evaluations of projects and programs, and more.
Free Curriculum Resources
Peace Education, A Pathway to a Culture of Peace (Free Book) from Philippines
UN CyberSchool Bus -
Using Literature/Stories - A Journey of Peace: Stories of Hope and Healing for
Children Living in War, Centre for Peace Studies at McMaster University in Hamilton,
Ontario, Canada/Help the Afghan Children (HTAC)
(English, Dari, Pashto)
International Committee for the RedCross/Red Crescent, Exploring Humanitarian
Law -
(English, Spanish, French, Arabic)
United States Institute of Peace - Peacebuilding Toolkit for Educators, High School
Edition (Middle School also available)
Human Total: A Violence Prevention Learning Resource, by HREA, the International
Center for Alcohol Policies (ICAP) and the Instituto Mexicano de Investigación Familia y
de Población (IMIFAP) (English, Spanish) (ages 10-14)
Free CRE Resources:
International Conference on Conflict Resolution Education
Developing and Implementing Culturally Inclusive Conflict Resolution
Education Policies and Practices in K-12 and Higher Education
June 11 – 16, 2014
Fairfax,Virginia, USA
Pre-Conference Trainings – June 11th and 12th
Main Conference (Keynotes and Workshops) – June 13th and 14th
Seminar for Colleges and Universities Developing Peace and
Conflict Studies Programs – June 15th – 16th
Jennifer Batton, M.A.
Co-Chair, Peace Education Working Group, Global Partnership for the Prevention of Armed Conflict
Advisory Board of the Inter-American Program on Education for Democratic Values and Practices,
The Organization of American States
Senior Fellow, International Institute for Sustained Dialogue
Skype: Jennifer.Batton.CRE