ASQ-3

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Ages & Stages Questionnaires® (ASQ-3)

A Parent-Completed, Child-Monitoring System

Ages & Stages Questionnaires® is a registered trademark of Paul H. Brookes Publishing Co., Inc.

Training Objectives

Define and discuss the benefits of developmental screening

Describe features of the ASQ-3

Score the ASQ-3

Describe ASQ-3 cutoff scores

Interpret ASQ-3 information in relation to other referral considerations

ASQ and ASQ:SE Training Materials by Jane Squires, Jane Farrell, Jantina Clifford, Suzanne Yockelson, and Elizabeth Twombly

Copyright © 2008 by Paul H. Brookes Publishing Co. All rights reserved.

For more information about the ASQ and ASQ:SE, see http://www.agesandstages.com

What is the ASQ-3?

Parent- or caregiver-completed screening tool that encourage parental/caregiver involvement

Series of questionnaires for children ages 1 months to 5 ½ years

Tool to accurately identify children at risk for developmental delay

ASQ and ASQ:SE Training Materials by Jane Squires, Jane Farrell, Jantina Clifford, Suzanne Yockelson, and Elizabeth Twombly

Copyright © 2008 by Paul H. Brookes Publishing Co. All rights reserved.

For more information about the ASQ and ASQ:SE, see http://www.agesandstages.com

Domains Screened by the ASQ-3

ASQ-3 (screens 5 domains):

Communication

Gross motor

Fine motor

Problem solving

Personal-social

ASQ and ASQ:SE Training Materials by Jane Squires, Jane Farrell, Jantina Clifford, Suzanne Yockelson, and Elizabeth Twombly

Copyright © 2008 by Paul H. Brookes Publishing Co. All rights reserved.

For more information about the ASQ and ASQ:SE, see http://www.agesandstages.com

Features of the

Ages and Stages

Questionnaires

(ASQ-3)

Features: ASQ-3 Intervals

21 Questionnaire intervals:

2, 4, 6, 8, 9, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18, 20, 22, 24

27, 30, 33, 36 (spaced 3 months apart)

42, 48, 54, 60 (spaced 6 months apart)

ASQ-3 Intervals

9 month vs. 10 month forms

9 month developed for pediatricians to use at 9 month check-up.

When screening 9 month old child use 10 month

ASQ-3 as it is more stringent.

Features: ASQ-3 Cover Page

•Administration window indicated on ASQ-3 cover page.

•16 month “ window ” is 15 months, 0 days to 16 months, 30 days.

Features: ASQ-3 Cover Page

Gathers information to choose correct ASQ-3 Interval.

Date ASQ Completed

Childs Date of Birth

Prematurity question (up to 24 months)

Calculate Age at administration or Adjusted age and compare with administration window.

Features: ASQ-3 Areas & Questions

5 developmental areas (e.g., Communication)

6 questions in each area

Questions are in hierarchical order

Questions #5 and #6 are average skills for children of that age interval

(i.e., a 12 month skill for a 12 month child).

Response options: Yes, Sometimes, Not Yet

Written at 4th to 5th grade reading level

Features: ASQ-3 Overall Section

Un-Scored Section

Looks at quality of skills (e.g., speech)

Example: “ Does your baby use both hand equally well?

 “ No ” response indicates possible medical diagnosis. Important to follow up.

Parent concerns very predictive.

Any concerns or questionable responses require follow-up

Features: ASQ-3 Summary Sheet

Each ASQ-3 interval has unique summary sheets.

Summary sheets have five sections:

Child/family information

Bar graph with cutoffs

Overall section

Follow-up action taken (new to ASQ-3)

Optional section: Individual item responses

How to

Administer ASQ-3

Prescreening Activities

Obtain consent.

Explain purpose of screening and review questionnaire content.

Schedule screening.

Select Correct ASQ-3 Interval.

If possible, provide parent with ASQ-3 prior to administration.

Assemble materials (if necessary).

ASQ-3

Administration:

Andrew Scoring

Exercise

Andrew: ASQ-3 Cover Page

Date ASQ Completed: October 14, 2008.

Child’s Name: Andrew

Child’s Date of Birth: April 30, 2007

Vicky (mother) filling out questionnaire.

What is Andrew ’ s actual Age at ASQ

Administration in months and days?

Age at Administration: Andrew

Date ASQ Completed: October 14, 2008.

Child’s Date of Birth: April 30, 2007

=

2008 10 (9)

2007 4 mo

1 year 5 mo

14 (+30) days

30 days

14 days

Andrew ’ s Age at administration is 17 months 14 days

Choosing the correct ASQ-3 when the child is premature.

Adjusted age:

Subtract weeks of prematurity from child’s age at administration to create an adjusted age.

Use adjusted age to choose appropriate

ASQ-3 interval.

Adjusted Age: Andrew

Andrew was born 6 weeks premature.

What is Andrew ’ s Adjusted Age?

17 months 14 days – 6 weeks = 16 months

(Andrew’s Age at administration)

Andrew’s adjusted age is 16 months.

Andrew should receive the 16 month ASQ.

Possible Responses to the ASQ

Yes = the child is performing the skill

Sometimes = the child is performing the skill on occasion, but not always

Not Yet = the child is not yet performing the skill

Scoring the ASQ-3

Step 1 : Review responses. If any missing items, try to obtain answers. If items inappropriate, omit item.

Step 2. Calculate area totals: “ yes ” = 10;

“ sometimes ” = 5; “ not yet ” = 0.

Step 3: If any items omitted, calculate new area total (example to follow).

Scoring the ASQ-3 (cont.)

Step 4: Review overall section responses. Ask for further clarification and make notes if needed.

Step 5: Transfer information to ASQ-3 Summary Page.

ASQ-3 Omitted item?

Create a new total area score so child is not penalized.

1) Divide total area score by the number of items answered in that area.

45 (area score)

5 (items) = 9 points.

2 ): Add this average item score to the total area score to get a new total score.

45 + 9 points = new total of 54 points

Understanding ASQ Summary

Values in the chart’s un-shaded areas = child appears to be developing typically

Values in the grey shaded areas (“Monitoring Zone”)

= child may need extra practice and experience in this domain, child’s progress should be monitored. (-

1.00-(-)1.99 SD below the mean)

Values within the charts black shaded areas = child should be referred for further evaluation. (-2 SD below the mean)

16 Month ASQ-3 Scoring Chart

Andrew, Case Study

Number of children

0

ASQ-3 “ Bell Curve ”

(Not to Scale)

Monitor

Zone

ASQ-3

Cutoff

15.8%

32%

-2SD -1SD

Scores (in points) on ASQ

52.2%

60

Follow-up &

Referral Criteria

Above monitor zone

Provide follow up activities & rescreen in 6-12 months.

All areas scored in white zone

Monitor zone

Score is between 1-2 SD below average. (1 area in grey zone)

Provide follow up activities to practice specific skills.

Rescreen in 6 months in areas of concern.

Make community referrals as appropriate.

Follow-up/Referral Criteria (cont.)

Below cutoff in one or more areas:

 Score is below 2 standard deviations below average. (2 or more areas in grey zone or 1 or more areas in black.)

 Refer for further assessment

Example of Follow-Up Actions

Andrew, Case Study

Talking to Families

“The ASQ is a tool to check on your child’s development.”

“Your child will be able to do some of the items, but not all of the items.”

“Answers help show your child’s strengths and any areas where your child may need support or more practice”

ASQ-3 User’s Guide

Includes information on planning screening systems and procedures

Provide example letters, activities, and case studies

Contain technical reports

Cover all topics in depth

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