Approaches to Health Care

• World Health Organization defined health as
“a state of complete physical, mental and social
well-being and not merely the absence of
disease and infirmity.”
• This state was regarded as the fundamental
right of all human beings “without distinctions of
race, religion, political belief, economic or social
1) Western Medicine  most popular in North
America and Western European countries. It
is based on the use of drugs and surgery to
treat symptoms as well as clinical research.
 encompasses all types of conventional
medical treatment, including
surgery, chemotherapy radiation, physical
therapy and prescription drugs.
•Doctors (M.D.)
•Registered Nurses (R.N.)
•Licensed Practical Nurses (L.P.N.)
•Dentists (D.D.S)
•Nurse Practitioners
• is a form of healing that considers the whole
person -- body, mind, spirit, and emotions
• Treatment plans in holistic medicine have a
completely different approach than western
• Treatment involves fixing the cause of the
condition, not just alleviating the symptoms
• Eating healthier/more natural foods
• Acupuncture
• Magnet therapy
• Herbal therapy
• Yoga
• Meditation
• Feng Shui
• Aromatherapy
• Light therapy
•Naturopathic doctors
 focuses on the balance between the 4 directions of the
medicine wheel
The medicine wheel may have different interpretations for
different people, however one thing that remains constant is that
it represents the alignment and continuous interaction of the
physical, emotional, mental and spiritual realities.
The circle shape represents the interconnectivity of all aspects
of one’s being, including the connection with the natural world.
•Medicinal plant therapy
• Gold thread – Purifying blood
• Wild Ginger – chest colds & heart
• Sweetgrass- Smudging & Thinning
• Bearberry – Diarrhea & kidney
 Is the exclusion of Western Medicine from a
treatment plan.
An individual who relies solely on
traditional/indigenous/holistic medical
 may involve traditional/holistic/indigenous medical
practices, but is done along with Western healing
Hence the Western and non-Western compliment one
Over 70% of Canadians use some form of
complementary medicine
• Including things such as:
• Acupuncture
• Massage
• Naturopathy
• Yoga
• Reiki
• Sometimes it is difficult to determine which type of
medicine falls under each category.
• Some people use one or more of the approaches
together to ensure their health and well-being.
• Humanity’s beliefs about health, wellness, disease and
treatment have changed over time, which has led to
such a wide variety of options in present day.
• How do you think the following situation would be handled using
the different approaches to medicine?