Introducing you all to government

…according to the text book.
 If you’re going to be in this class, you need to know
animals. Plain and simple. Here we go…
Thomas Nast:
German born
political cartoonist
Who helped
popularize the idea
Of donkeys and
Creative Thinking: What’s in the boxes?
-Why’s this
CT: You have been
chosen to pick out a
new animal to
represent the political
parties of today. ..
What’s the new animal
for Democrats or
Republicans, or both?
 The laws of nature say that there must
be, somewhere in this world, a school
where things are accomplished. Where
changes are made and students have
the power to impact their school other
than their grades or a water gun fight in
the blue hall… or putting a duck in the
school. Or piling chairs in the blue hall
 How many of you are
 Who’s in charge?
 Are the results of the
meetings published for the
school to see?
 What should you all be
allowed to have a say in?
Teachers who are hired?
Principal? Uniforms?
 Should decisions be controlled by those who pay their own
tuition? (as opposed to parents)
 Is there anything you would like to see around the school that
we don’t have? It doesn’t have to be anything major, it can be
something simple like this.
 Let’s talk about Barack Obama and George W. Bush
campaign promises… and let’s keep it current by
throwing Romney in there… do you remember any?
 Do you know any politicians who haven’t fulfilled their
pledges to the American people. Why did they fail?
 What local issues have been a source of tension? What
types of things do you want to see around Evansville?
 Do you trust politicians?
 Do you feel apathetic about public affairs?
 Do you vote or do you plan to vote in the upcoming elections?
 The Mayflower Compact
 Confirmed Loyalty to King James
I of England
 Signed by 41 Men, 0 Women
 Main Goal was to provide..
“Ye generall good of ye Colonie”
You might think this unfair,
He did too….
But they ate him when he voiced his opinion.
This is who they swore
allegiance to…
CT: What’s under his hat?
 One that has not
progressed to “civilization”
 Mainly because they move
 Eventually farming leads
to settling
 Settling in one place leads
to arguing
 Ergo, you have
 If you were nomadic, could
you have a government?
The book says no…
So Easy A Caveman Can Do It
 In these primitive
societies, an older,
wiser, or stronger
man or woman was
the leader
 They were rarely
questioned by
other members
 How often do
you question
your parents
about rules?
 Primitive societies
become civilizations
 But what’s the danger of
staying in one place?
What are the benefits?
 (Think hide and seek when you were a
 Pillaging, raiding,
burning, kidnapping
 Eventually an upper-class
 They demand obedience
from the lower classes
CT: What’s it dreaming of?
 UC began to lose touch with their subjects
 Corruption, inefficiency lead to downfall and another
civilization emerged
 One good thing is they write down their laws (Can you name
the first person to Codify laws… way, way, long ago in world history, you learned his
name… + 5 for a correct answer!) Why
about death…)
is this so important? (Think
 Break from the past - > No longer just pawns of the
gods, we control our own lives
 Let’s see how well you know your Roman and Greek
Mythology… just for fun, this won’t be on the test.
1. Love and Beauty
2. Sun, Music, Archery
3. War
4. Hunt, wilderness
5. Wisdom and reason
6. Fertility and the Harvest
7. Wine, Party, and Festivals
8. Underworld
9. Fire
10. Women, marriage, and Childbirth
11. Travelers
12. Sea
13. Supreme God
 In Athens, Democracy is invented
 Each man joins the army
 Should this still be in place? Should our
president have served?
 CT: You’ve been drafted, where are you going
to hide?
 Almost 1/3 of all men took time out of
their jobs and lives to serve the city
 Do we still serve our city?
 Who is the most service oriented person in
your class?
 How many of you plan to continue
volunteering after you graduate from
 Point gaining opportunity for you – find
out what % of Americans devote time and
service to their city today. (7 points for a
percent and cited source)
 Codification
 Also defined a law as “what a person of common sense
and good faith would know to be right.”
 Citizenship
 The envy of others to be a Roman citizen…
 What are the benefits of being a citizen in the US? In any
 The Catholic Church comes to
power and with it, a shift of
power to the middle class
 First time they have a real say in
the laws because they have
buying power… and we all know
how important money is in
making laws.
 Four main points
to a nation
 Clearly defined
 You’d think the
Canada and U.S.
is pretty simple…
 Population
 Sovereignty
 Government
 Which do you
think is the most
important? The
hardest to
achieve? The
most likely to
cause problems?
 How about another PGO?
 10 minutes to name as many “nations” as you possibly
can. I have a list of the current ones recognized by the
United States. Good luck!
 Record was 143 set by Sam Mattingly’s Class in 2012
 New record is 152, set by Jordan Rhodes and his
classmates, fall of 2014
 I would have given you an extra 100 points if you had
busted this out and not missed one, but I think you’re
all a bit too young to remember…
 No, we’re not talking about the recent fad of taking nude
photos of yourself and tweeting it to someone, like Mr. Weiner
did… interested? (Skip :26-:31 and 3:08-3:18)
 Lawmaking Body
 Link from ruler to the people
 Executive Branch
 Carry out the laws, do simple jobs, collect taxes, keep records,
run public services.
 Court System
 Magna Carta 1215: “The law is greater than the king”
 Unitary
 Local governing bodies carry
out the wishes of the central
 Federal
 Divided power between a
central government and its
member states
 Confederate
 Opposite of Unitary… we
originally had this, but it was
weak and almost killed our
Confederate Prom Dress?
Available at Wal-Mart?
 Uses force, eliminates all, “sells itself to the people”
 Controls: schools, media, communication
 Monarchy
 Rule by one, usually hereditary
 Oligarchy
 Decisions made by a small, select group of people
 Dictator
 Places the welfare of the state over the rights of the individual
 Usually violent, power vacuum when they relinquish power
 Power in the hands of the people
 People have a say, appear to
move slowly
 Direct: all encouraged to take
part and vote
 Indirect: elect representatives to
make decisions
 Often presidential terms are
 Parliamentary System
 The party that is in charge of the
lawmaking branch also heads
the executive (Britain)
British Parliament
This is Ukraine’s Parliament… CT?
 Governments can’t just print more money… this is bad.
 They can: borrow money, collect taxes, make products,
develop new resources, or invade weaker countries.
 The monetary system we live under
 You can choose what you want to be
 You can own your business
 You can make as much money as you want
 Competition makes better products and lower prices
 We are not a true capitalistic society, we have government
regulation that we have to deal with.
 What’s good about the government regulating businesses?
 Public ownership of the means of production
 Government owns transportation, communication, energy,
banking, health care, etc… important industries.
 Goal is for a classless state
 Limit ownership to private possessions
 Have’s vs. Have Not’s
 Owners of a business should not receive profit
 Must overthrow all non-communist governments for success
 No religion, all devotion to the state
 Protesting also usually goes badly
 Tiennamen Square Video?
Karl Marx,
father of
 All is done for the state, dictator-like environment
 Just the state, not the world
 No one is above the state
 So now that you know a few different forms of
government, let’s talk about books and / or movies and
forms of government that have been in them.
 For Example: Dystopian Novels
 Bring in 2 other forms of government we have not
discussed and are currently used. Be prepared to share
with the class.
 Type Out, Turn in Day of Quiz
 Country
 Official Government Title
 Explanation of how it is different from US