Elements of Art and Principles of Design Elements of Art The building blocks or ingredients of art. They structure and carry the work. Elements of Art Line Form Color Space Value Texture Shape LINE Pablo Picasso A mark with length and direction. A continuous mark made on a surface by a moving point. LINE May be vertical, horizontal or diagonal, curved, straight, zigzag, or show emotion. LINE LINE Contour lines- outline the edges of forms or shapes Gestural linesindicate action and physical movement COLOR Consists of Hue (another word for color), Value (lightness or darkness) and Intensity (brightness). Henri Matisse Alexander Calder COLOR Color has three properties: 1. HUE: this is the name of the colors 2. VALUE: refers to the lightness or darkness of a hue. 3. INTENSITY: refers to the purity of the hue or strength of a color Neutral Colors These colors are made by adding a complimentary color (opposite on the color wheel) to a hue. Neutralized hues are called tones. Tints and Shades Tints – adding the color white to lighten a hue Shades – adding black to darken a hue Warm and Cool Colors Warm – red, orange, yellow Cool – green, blue, violet VALUE The lightness or darkness of a color. MC Escher Pablo Picasso VALUE High Range in Value Low Range in Value SHAPE 2-dimensional and it encloses space Joan Miro SHAPE Shapes can be geometric or organic. GEOMETRIC: square, triangle, rectangle, rhombus, circle, cone ORGANIC: free form shapes, shapes in nature; for example: leaves, trees, animals SHAPE Organic vs. Geometric The appearance of a 3 dimensional object which is encloses and holds volume Jean Arp Lucien Freud Shows an object in space, the mass or positive space it occupies. For example, a triangle, which is 2-dimensional, is a shape, but a pyramid, which is 3-dimensional, is a form. Form can be 2D Form can be 3D SPACE The distance or area between, around, above, below, or within things. Foreground, Middleground and Background (creates DEPTH) SPACE Positive (filled with something) and Negative (empty areas) TEXTURE The surface quality or "feel" of an object, its smoothness, roughness, softness, etc. TEXTURE Textures may be actual or implied. TEXTURE Implied – texture that has been simulated in drawing and painting on a smooth surface Actual – texture that you can feel with your sense of touch You should now have 7 Elements of Art Pages turn your book over and start from the other side…… Principles of Design The ways in which the Elements of Art are organized are referred to as the Principles of Design. They are concepts that affect content and message. Principles of Design Balance Variety Emphasis Proportion Rhythm Movement Unity BALANCE Alexander Calder The way the elements are arranged to create a feeling of stability in a work. Symmetrical Balance Leonardo DaVinci The parts of an image are organized so that one side mirrors the other. Asymmetrical Balance When one side of a composition does not reflect the design of the other. James Whistler Radial Balance Slice it like a pizzaEach piece will be the same EMPHASIS The focal point of an image, or when one area or thing stand out the most. Jim Dine Gustav Klimt EMPHASIS The part that catches your attention first. EMPHASIS Can be created through the use of many different elements and principles like… CONTRAST PROPORTI COLOR ON RHYTHM A regular RHYTHM repetition of RHYTHM elements to produce the look RHYTHM and feel of RHYTHM movement. RHYTHM Marcel Duchamp RHYTHM The repetition of lines, shapes, or colors to create a feeling of movement. MOVEMENT The motion created in a work of art. Often uses the principle of rhythm to achieve this. The feeling of action or directional flow Vincent VanGogh UNITY When all the elements and principles work together to create a pleasing image. The feeling of wholeness or the parts belonging together. Johannes Vermeer The use of differences and change to increase the visual interest of the work. VARIETY Marc Chagall VARIETY The use of different lines, shapes, and colors in a piece of work. PROPORTI ON The comparative relationship of one part to another with respect to size, quantity, or degree; SCALE. Gustave Caillebotte Proportion …size / scale …with color PROPORTI ON Review- What principles do you see? Proportion ? Balance- Symetrical Rhythm Movement Proportion Emphasis Please hand in your P & E Book when your done ! & Write your name on it!!! When returned to you, keep all your P & E Book in your Art bag You can study from it for your midterm and final exams.